Outline of Arguments about Theodicy in the Book of Job
The arguments of the accuser
- Heavenly district attorney (enemy of God later)
- Is there such a thing as disinterested piety?
- Should the righteous be rewarded?
The arguments of Job’s friends
- Suffering is punishment
- Suffering is pedagogic
- Common good
- Experience refutes tradition
- Experience refutes arguments from fittingness
- God does not need us to lie to make God look good
- Judicial theory: Can a tyrant be called just?
- Judicial theory: What are the rights of the accused?
- One should still be righteous for its own sake, even though no discernible reward
- Can humans reasonably expect to gain wisdom?
- Can humans reasonably expect to understand God’s justice?
- Does God claim to be just? Is God constrained by the human construct of justice?
- What is the place of humans in the cosmos?
- Fairy tale hypothetical exercise
- Was the suffering of the innocent an aberration all along?