The Book of Jubilees

James C. VanderKam

Translation prepared for Hermeneia commentary, 2018

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The Prologue These are the words regarding the divisions of the times for [1989: of] the lawa and for [1989: of] the testimony, for [1989: of] the eventsb of the years, for [1989: of] the weeksc of their jubilees throughoutd all the years of eternity as he relatede (them) to Moses on Mt. Sinai whenf he went up to receive the stone tabletsg—the lawh and the commandment—by the word of the Lord [1989: commandments—on the Lord’s orders] as he had told him that he should come upi to the summit of the mountain.

1:1 During the first year of the Israelites’ Exodus froma Egypt, in the third month—on the sixteenthb of this [1989: the] month—the Lord said to Moses: “Come up to me to [1989: on] the mountain.c I will give you the two stone tablets, the law and the commandment that [1989: tablets of the law and the commandments which] I have written so that you may teach them.” 2 So Moses went up the mountain of the Lord. The glory of the Lord took up residence on Mt. Sinai, and a cloud covered it for six days. 3 When hea summoned Moses into the cloud on the seventh day, he saw the glory of the Lord like a fire blazingb on the summit of the mountain. 4 Moses remaineda on the mountain for 40 days and 40 nights while the Lord showed himb what (had happened) beforehandc as well as whatd was to come. He related to hime the divisions of the timesf forg the law and for the testimony.h [1989: all the times—both of the law and of the testimony.]

1:5 He said to him:a “Pay attentionb to all the words that I tell you on this mountain. Write themc in a bookd so that their generations may knowe [1989: offspring may see] that I have notf abandoned themg because of all the evilh they have done in breakingi [1989: straying from] the covenant between me and your childrenj [1989: you] that I am making todayk on Mt. Sinai for their offspring. 6 Soa it will beb that when all of these things befall themc they will recognized that I have been more faithful than they in all their judgments and in all their curses.e [1989: actions.] They will recognizef that I have indeed been with them.

1:7 “Now you writea this entireb message thatc I am telling you today, because I knowd their defiance and their stubbornness (even) before I bring them into the land that I promised by oath to their ancestorse [1989 lacks 'their ancestors'] Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob: ‘To your posterity I will give the land that flows with milk and honey’. When they eat and are full, 8 they willa turn afterb otherc gods who [1989: to foreign gods—to ones which] will not save them from any [1989: of their] afflictions. Then the testimonyd is to corresponde with this testimony. [1989: Then this testimony will serve as evidence.] 9 For they will forget alla my commandmentsb—everything that I command youc [1989: them]and will follow the nations, their idols,d [1989: impurities,] and their abominations.e [1989: shame.] They will serve their gods, and (this) will prove an obstacle for them—an affliction,f a pain, and a trap.g 10 Many will be destroyed. Theya will be captured and will fall into the enemy’sb control because they abandoned my statutes, my commandments, my covenantal festivals, my Sabbaths, my holy things which they have hallowed for mec [1989: I have hallowed for myself] among them, my tabernacle,d and my temple that I sanctifiede for myself in the middle of the land so that I could setf my nameg on ith and that it could livei (there). 11 They will makea [1989: made] for themselvesb high places, (sacred) groves, and carved images; they will bowc to all the works of their error.d[1989: each of them prostrated himself before his own in order to go astray.] They will sacrificee their children to demons and to everyf product (conceived by) their erring minds. 12 I will senda witnesses to them so that I may testify to them,b but they will not listenc and will kill the witnesses.d They will persecute those too who study the law.e [1989: diligently.] They will neglectf [1989: abrogate] everything and will beging to do evil in my presence. 13 Then I will hide my face from them.a I will deliver them into the control ofb the nations for captivity, for devastation,c [1989: booty,] and for devouring [1989: being devoured]. I will remove them from the land and disperse them among all the nations.d 14 They will forget all my laws [1989: law] , all my commandments, and all my verdicts.a They will forgetb beginning(s) of the month, Sabbath, festival, jubilee, and covenant. [1989: err regarding the beginning of the month, the sabbath, the festival, the Jubilee, and the decree.]

1:15 “After this they will return to me from among the nationsa with all their minds, all their souls, and all their strength. Then I will gather them fromb among allc the nations, and they will search for me so that I may be found by them whend they have searched for mee with all their minds and with all their souls. I will rightlyf disclose to them abundant peace. 16 I will plant thema as [1989: transform them into] a righteous plant with all my mind and with all my soul. They will become a blessing, not a curse; they will become the head, not the tail. 17 I will build my temple among them and will live with them;a I will be [1989: become] their God and theyb will bec [1989: become] myd truee and righteous people. 18 I will neither abandon them nor become alienated from them, for I am the Lord their God.”

1:19 Then Moses fell prostrate and prayed and said: “Lorda my God, do not allow your people and your heritage to go along in the error of their minds, and do not deliver them into the control ofb the nations with the result that they rule over themc lest they make themd sine against you. 20 May your mercy, Lord, be lifteda over your people. Create for them a just spirit.b May the spirit of Belial not rulec over them so as to bring charges against them before you and to make them stumble [1989: trap] them away from every proper path so that they may be destroyedd from your presence. 21 Theya are your people and your heritage whom you have rescued from Egyptian controlb by your great power. Createc for them a pure mind and a holy spirit. May they not be trapped in their sins from now to eternity.”

1:22 Then the Lord said to Moses: “I know their contrary nature, their way of thinking, and their stubbornness. They will not listena untilb they acknowledge their sins andc the sins of their ancestors. 23 After this they will return to mea in a fully upright manner and with all (their) mindsb and all (their) souls.c I will cut away the foreskins of their minds and the foreskins of their descendants’ minds.d I will create a holy spirit for them and will purifye them in order that they may not turn away from me from that time forever.f 24 Their souls will adhere to me anda to allb my commandments. They will performc my commandments.d I will be [1989: become] their Fathere and they will be [1989: become] my children.f 25 All of them will be calleda children of the living God. Every angelb and every spiritcd will know them.e They will know that they are my children and that I am their Father in a just and proper way and that I love them.

1:26 “Now you writea all these words that I tell youb on this mountain: what is first and what is lastc andd what is to come during all the divisions of the times that are for the lawe and for the testimonyf and forg [1989: time which are in the law and which are in the testimony and in] the weeks ofh their jubilees until eternity—until the time when I descend and live with themi throughout all the ages of eternity.”

1:27 Thena he told the Angel of the Presence to dictate [1989: Then he said to the angel of the presence: dictate] to Mosesb (starting) from the beginning of the creation until the time when my temple is built among themc throughout the ages of eternity. 28 The Lord will appear in the sight of all, and all will knowa that Ib am the God of Israel, the Father of all Jacob’s children,c andd King on Mt. Zion for the ages of eternity. Then Zion ande Jerusalem will be [1989: become] holy.”f

1:29 The Angel of the Presence, whoa was going alongb in front of the Israelitec camp,d took the tablets (that told) of the divisions of the years from the timee the law and the testimony were createdf—forg the weeks ofh their jubilees, year by year in their full number, and their jubileesi from [the time of the first [1989 lacks 'first'] creation until]j the time of the new creationk whenl the heavens, the earth, and all their creatures will be renewed likem the powers of the skyn and likeo all the creatures of the earth, until the time when the temple of the Lord will be created in Jerusalem onp Mt. Zion. All the luminaries will be renewed for (the purpose of) healing,q health, and blessing for all the elect ones of Israel andr so that it may remains this way from that time throughout all the days of the earth.

2:1 On the Lord’s orders the Angel of the Presence said to Moses: “Write all the words about the creation—howa on the sixth dayb the Lord God completed all his works, everything that he had created, and kept Sabbathc on the seventh day. He sanctified it for all agesd and set ite as a sign for all hisf works. 2a For on the first day he created the heavens that are above,b the earth, the waters, and all the spirits who serve before him, namely: the angels of the presence;c the angels of holiness; the angels of the spirits of fire; the angels of the winds that blow;d the angels of the spirits ofe the clouds for darkness, ice, hoar-frost, dew,f snow,g hail, and frost; the angels of the thunder;h and for the angels of the windsi [                         ]; and the angels of the spirits for cold and heat, for winter and summer,j andk for all the spirits of his creaturesl that he made in the heavens and that he made on the earth,m and in every (place). [There were also] the depths, darknessn and dawn, light and eveningo that he prepared through his knowledge.p 3 Then we saw his works and blessed him regarding all his works; we offered praisea before him because he had made seven great works on the first day.

2:4 Ona the second day he made a firmament betweenb the waters, and the waters were divided on that day. Half of them went up above the firmamentc and half of them went down below the firmament (which was) in the middled above the surface of the wholee earth. This was the only workf that he madeg on the second day.

2:5 On the third day he did as he said toa the waters that they should passb from the surface of the whole earth to one placec and that the dry land should appear. 6 The waters did so, as he told them. They withdrew froma the surface of the earth to one place apart from thisb firmament, and dry land appeared. 7 On that day he created for ita allb the seas—each with the places where they collected—all the rivers, and the places where the watersc collected in the mountainsd and on the wholee earth; all the reservoirs, all the dew of the earth; the seed that is sown—with each of its kindsf—all that sprouts,g the fruith trees, the forests, and the Garden of Eden (which is) in Eden fori enjoyment and for food.j Thesek four greatl types he made on the third day.

2:8 On the fourth day the Lorda made the sun, the moon, and the stars. He placed them in the heavenly firmament to shine onb the wholec earth, to ruled over day and night, and to separate betweene light and darkness.f 9 The Lorda appointed the sun as a great signb above the earth forc days, Sabbaths, months, festivals, years, Sabbaths of years,d jubilees, and all cyclese of the years.f 10 It separatesa between light and darkness and (serves) for wellbeing so that everything that sprouts and grows on the earth may prosper.b These three types he made on the fourth day.

2:11 On the fifth day he createda the great sea monsters within the watery depths, for these were the first fleshly products of his hands;b all the fishc that move about in the waters, all flying birds,d and all their kinds. 12 The sun shone over them for (their) wellbeing and over everything that was on the earth—alla that sprouts fromb the ground, all fruit trees, and all animate beings. Thesec three great kindsd he madee onf the fifth day.

2:13 On the sixth day he madea all the landb animals, allc cattle, and everything that moves about ond the earth. 14 After alla this, he made humankindab male and a female he made them. He made himc rule everythingd one earth and in the seasf and overg flying creatures, animals,h everything that moves about on the earth, cattle,i and the entire earth.j Over all these he made himk rule. These four kindsl he made on the sixthm day.

2:15 The total was 22 kinds.a 16 He finished all his worksa on the sixth day:b everythingc in heaven, on the earth, in the seas,d in the depths, in the light, in the darkness, and in every (place).e

2:17 Hea gave us as a great sign the Sabbath day on which he restedb [                                    ] so that work should be donec for six daysd [                                                                  ] and that we should keep Sabbathe from all workf ong the seventh day.h 18 He told us—all the angels of the presence and alla the angels of holiness (these two kinds)b—to keep Sabbathc with himd in heaven and on earth.e

2:19 He said to us: “Ia will now separate a peopleb for myself amongc my nations.d They, too, will keep Sabbath.e I will sanctify a peoplef for myself and will bless themg {{as I sanctified the Sabbath day. I will sanctify them for myself; in this way I will bless them.}} They will be my people and I will be their God. 20 I have chosena the descendants of Jacob as a treasured people from all the nations.b I have recorded them as my first-born son and have sanctified them for myself throughout the ages of eternity. I will tellc them about the seventh dayd so that they may keep Sabbath frome all workf on it.” 21 In this waya he made a sign on it by which they, too, wouldb keep Sabbathc with us on the seventhd day to eat, drink, and bless the Creatore of allf as he had blessed themg and sanctified themh for himselfi as a treasured peoplej out of all the nations;k andl to be keeping Sabbath togetherm with us. 22 He madea his commands rise as a fine fragrance that is to be acceptableb in his presence for all times.c

2:23 There were 22 leaders of humanity from Adam until him;a andb 22 kindsc of worksd were madee until the seventh day. The latter is blessed and holyf and the former, too, is blessed and holyg. Both were made together for holinessh and blessing. 24 It was granted to these that for all times they should bea the blessed and holy ones. This isb the testimony and the first law,c as it was sanctifiedd and blessede onf the seventhg day. 25 He createda the heavens, the earth, and everything that was createdb in six days. The Lord gavec a holy festald daye tof all his creation.g For this reason he gave orders regarding it that anyone who would do any work on it was to die; also, the one who would defile it was to die.h

2:26 Now you command the Israelites to observe this day so thata they may sanctify it,b not do any work on it, and not defile it for it is holier than all (other) days. 27 Anyone who profanes ita is to die and anyone who does any work on it is to be cut offb eternally so that the Israelitesc may observe this day throughout their history and not be cut offd from the earth. For it is a holy day;e it is a blessed day. 28 Everyone who observes (it)a and keeps Sabbathb on it from all his work will be holy and blessed throughout all times like us. 29 Inform and tell the Israelites the law (that relates to) this day and that they should keep Sabbath on it and not neglect it through the error of their minds lesta they do (any) work on it—(the day) on which it is notb proper to do what they wish, namely: to prepare on it anythingc that is to be eaten or drunk; to draw water; to bring in or remove on it anything that one carriesd in their gates—(any) work that they had not preparede for themselvesf in their dwellings on the sixth day. 30 They are not toa bring (anything) out or inb from house to housec on this day because itd is more holy and more blessede than any of the jubilee off jubilees.g On ith we kept Sabbath in heaveni before it was made known to all humanity that on it they should keep Sabbath on earth. 31 The Creator of all blesseda but did notb sanctifyc any people(s) andd nations to keep Sabbath on ite except Israel alone. To itf alone did he giveg (the right) to eat, drink, and keep Sabbath on ith upon the earth. 32 The Creator of all who createda this day blessed itb for (the purposes of) blessing, holiness, and glory more thanc all (other) days. 33 This law and testimony were givena to the Israelites as an eternal law throughoutb their history.c

3:1 Duringa six daysb of the second week we brought to Adam,c on the Lord’s orders, all animals, all cattle,d all birds, everything that moves about on the earth, and everything that moves about in the watere—in their various kinds and various forms:f the animalsg on the first day;h the cattle on the second day; the birds on the third day; everything that moves about on the earth on the fourth day; and the ones that move about in the water on the fifth day. 2 Adam named them all, each with its own name.a Whatever he called them became their name.b 3 During these five days Adam was looking at all of these—male and female amonga every kind that was on the earth. Butb he himself was alone; there was no one whom he foundc for himself who would be for himd a helper who was like him. 4 Then the Lord said to us:a “It is not good that the man should beb alone. Let us makec himd a helper whoe is like him.” 5 The Lord our Goda imposed a sound slumber on him and he fell asleep. Then he took one of his bonesb for a woman.c That rib was the origin of the woman—fromd among his bones. He built up the flesh in its placee and built the woman.f 6 Then he awakened Adam from his sleep. When he awoke,a he got up on the sixth day. Then he broughtb (him) to her.c He knew herd and said to her:e “Thisf is nowg bone from my boneh and flesh from my flesh. This one will be called my wife, for she was takeni from her husband.”j 7 For this reason a mana and a woman are to become one, and for this reasonb hec leaves his father and his mother. He associates withd his wife, and they becomee one flesh.

3:8 In the first weeka Adam and his wifeb—the ribc—were created, and in the secondd week he showede her to him. Therefore, a commandment was given to keep (women) in their defilementf seven days for a maleg (child) and for a female two (units) of seven days. 9 Aftera 40 days had come to an end for Adamb in the land wherec he had been created,d we brought him into the Garden of Eden toe work and keep it. His wife was broughtf (there) on the eightieth day. After thisg she enteredh the Garden of Eden.i 10 For this reason a commandmenta was written in the heavenly tablets for the one who gives birth to a child: ifb she gives birth to a male, she is to remainc in her impurityd for sevene days like the firstf seven days;g then for 33 daysh she is to remaini in the blood of (her) purification. She is not to touch any sacred thing nor enter the sanctuaryj untilk she completesl these daysm for a male. 11 As for a female she is to remaina in herb impurity for two weeks ofc days like the first two weeksd and 66 days in the blood of (her) purification. Their total is 80 days. 12 After she had completed these 80 days, we brought hera into the Garden of Eden because it is the holiest inb the entire earth, and everyc tree that is planted in it is holy. 13 For this reason thea law of these days has been ordained for the one who gives birthb to a male or a female. She is not to touchc any sacred thing nor enter the sanctuaryd until the time when those days for a male or a female are completed.e 14 Thesea are the law and testimonyb that were written for Israelc to keepd for all times.

3:15 During the first week of the first jubilee Adam and his wife spenta the seven years in the Garden of Eden workingb and guarding it.c We gave himd worke and were teaching himf (how) to do everything that was appropriate for working (it). 16 While he was working (it) he was nakeda but did not realize (it) nor was he ashamed. He would guard the garden against birds, animals, and cattle. He would gather its fruit and eat (it) b and would storec its surplus for himself and his wife. He would store whatd was being kept.

3:17 When the conclusion of the seven years which he had completed there arrived—seven yearsa exactly—in the second month, on the seventeenth, the serpent came and approached the woman.b The serpentc said to the woman:d “Is it from all the fruite of the treesf in the garden (that) the Lord has commanded you: ‘Do not eat from it?’” 18 She said to him: “From all the fruita of the tree(s)b that are in the garden the Lord ctold us: ‘Eat.’d But from the fruit ofe the tree that is in the middle of the garden he told us:f ‘Do not eat from it and do not touch it so that you may not die.’”g 19 Then the serpent said to the woman:a “You will not really die becauseb the Lord knows that whenc you eat from it your eyes will be opened, you will become like gods,d and you will know good and evil.” 20 The woman saw that the treea was delightful and pleasing to the eyeb and (that) its fruit was good to eat. So she took some of it and ate (it). 21 She first covered her shame with fig leaves and then gave it to Adam. He ate (it), his eyesa were opened, and he sawb that he was naked. 22 He took fig leaves and sewed (them); (thus) he made himselfa an apron and covered his shame.

3:23 The Lord cursed the serpent and was angry at ita forever.b At the woman,c too, he was angry because she had listened to the serpent and eaten. He said to her: 24 “I will indeed multiply your sadness and your pain.a Bear children in sadness.b Your place of refuge will be with your husband;c he will ruled over you.” 25 Then he said to Adam: “Because you listened to your wifea and ate from theb tree from which I commanded youc not to eat, may the groundd bee cursed on account of you. May it grow thorns and thistles for you. Eat your food in the sweat of your facef until you return to the earthg from which you were taken.h Fori earth you are and to earth you will return.”j

3:26 He made clothing out of skins for them,a clothed them,b and dismissed themc from the Garden of Eden. 27 On that day,a as he was leavingb the Garden of Eden,c he burned incense as a pleasing fragrance—frankincense,d galbanum, stacte, and aromatic spicese—in the early morning whenf the sun rose at the time when he coveredg his shame. 28 On that daya the mouths of allb the animals, the cattle, the birds, everything that walks andc everything thatd moves about were made incapablee of speaking because all of them used to converse with one anotherf in one languageg and one tongue. 29 He dismisseda from the Garden of Eden all the animate beings that were in the Garden ofb Eden. All animate beings were dispersed—each by its kindc and each by its natured—into the place(s) that had been created for them. 30 But of all the animals and cattle he permitted Adama alone to coverb his shame. 31 Fora this reason it has been commandedb in the tabletsc regarding all those who knowd the judgment of the lawe that they coverf their shame and not uncover themselvesg as the nationsh uncover themselves.i

3:32 At the beginning of the fourth month Adam and his wife departeda from the Garden of Eden. They livedb in the land ofc Elda,d in the land where they were created. 33 Adam named his wifea Eve.b 34 They werea childlessb throughoutc the first jubilee; afterwards he knew her.d 35 He himself was working the landa as he had been taughtb inc the Garden of Eden.

4:1 In the third week in the second jubilee [years 64-70], she gave birth to Cain;a in the fourthb [71-77] she gave birth to Abel; and in the fifth [78-84] she gave birth to his daughter Awan.c 2 During the first (week) of the thirda jubilee [99-105] Cainb killed Abel because we had acceptedc his sacrificed from him but frome Cain we had not acceptedf (one). 3 When he killed hima in a field, his blood cried outb from the ground to heaven—cryingc because he had been killed.d 4 The Lord blameda Cainb regarding Abelc because he had killed him. While he allowed him a lengthd (of time) on the earth becausee of his brother’sf blood,g he cursed him upon the earth.

4:5 For this reason it has been written on the heavenly tablets: “Cursed isa the person who beats his companionb maliciously.” All who sawc (it) said:d “May it be. And lete the man who has seen but has not toldf be cursed like him.” 6 For this reason we report,a when we comeb before the Lord our God, all the sins that take placec in heaven and on earth—what (happens) ind the light, ine the darkness, or inf any place.

4:7 Adam and his wife spent four weeks of years mourning for Abel. Then in the fourth year of the fifth weeka [130] they became happy.b Adamc again knew his wife,d and she gave birth to a son for him. He named hime Seth because he said: “The Lord has raised up for us anotherf offspring on the earth in place of Abel” (for Cain had killed him). 8 In the sixth week [134-40] he became the father of his daughter Azura. 9 Cain married his sister Awan, and at the end of the fourth jubilee [148-96] she gave birth to Enocha for him. In the first year of the first week of the fifth jubilee [197] houses were built on the earth. Then Cain built a city and named it after his son Enoch. 10 Adam knew his wife Eve, and she gave birth to ninea more children. 11 In the fifth week of the fiftha jubilee [225-31] Seth married his sister Azura, and in itsb fourth (year) [235] she gave birth to Enosh for him.c 12 Hea was the first to call onb the Lord’s name on the earth. 13 In the seventh jubilee, in the thirda week [309-15] Enosh married his sister Noam. She gave birth to a sonb for him in the third year of the fifth week [325], and he named him Kenan. 14 At the enda of the eighth jubilee [344-92] Kenan marriedb his sisterc Mualelit. She gave birth to a son for himd in the ninth jubilee, in the first week—in the third year of this week [395]—and he named him Malalael.

4:15 During the second week of the tenth jubilee [449-55] Malalael married Dinah, the daughter of Barakiel, the daughter of his father’s brother.a She gave birth to a son for him in the thirdb week, in itsc sixth year [461]. He named him Jared because during his lifetime the angels of the Lord who were called Watchers descended to earth to teach humanity andd to do what is just and upright upon the earth. 16 In the eleventh jubilee [491-539] Jared took a wife for himself,a and her name was Barakah, the daughter ofb Rasu’eyal, the daughter of his father’s brother, in the fourth week of this jubilee [512-18]. She gave birth to a son for him during the fifth week, in the fourth year,c of the jubilee [522], and he named himd Enoch. 17 Hea was the first of humanity who were bornb on the earth who learned (the art of) writing, instruction,c and wisdom and whod wrote down in a book the signs of the sky in accord with the fixed patterns of their months so that humanity would know the seasons of the yearse according to the fixed patterns of each of their months.f 18 He was the first to write a testimony. He testifieda to humanity inb the generations of the earth. The weeks of the jubilees he related, and made known the days of the years;c the monthsd he arranged, and related the sabbaths of the years, as we had told him. 19 While he slepta he saw in a vision what has happenedb and what will occur—how things will happenc for humanity during their history until the day of judgment. He saw everything and understood.d He wrote a testimony for himselfe and placed itf upon the earth against allg humanity and for their history.

4:20 During the twelfth jubilee, in its seventh week [582-88] he took a wife for himself. Her name was Edni,a the daughter of Daniel, the daughter of his father’s brother. In the sixth year of this week [587] she gave birth to a son for him, and he named him Methuselah.

4:21 He was, moreover,a with God’s angels for six jubilees of years.b Theyc showed him everything on earthd and in the heavens—the dominion of the sune—and he wrote down everything. 22 He testifieda to the Watchers who had sinned with the daughters of men because these had begun to mix with earthly womenb so that they became defiled. Enoch testified against all of them.

4:23 He was taken from human society, and we led him into the Garden of Eden fora (his) greatness and honor. Now he is there writing down the judgment and condemnation of the worldb and all the wickedness of humanity.c 24 Because of him the flood watera did not comeb on any ofc the land of Eden because he was placed thered as a sign ande to testify againstf all people in order to tell all the deeds of history until the day of judgment. 25 He burned the eveninga incense of the sanctuaryb that is acceptable before the Lord on the mountain of incense.c 26 For there are four places on eartha that belong to the Lord: the Gardenb of Eden, the mountain of the east,c this mountain on which you are todayd—Mt. Sinai—and Mt. Zion (which) will be sanctifiede inf the new creation for the sanctification of the earth.g For this reason the earth will be sanctified from all its sins and from its uncleannessh into the history of eternity.

4:27 During this jubilee—that is, the fourteenth jubileea—Methuselah married Edna,b the daughter of Ezrael, the daughter of his father’s brother,c in the third week in the first year of that weekd [652]. He became the father ofe a sonf whom he named Lamech. 28 In the fifteenth jubilee, in the third week [701-707], Lamech married a woman whose name wasa Betanosh, the daughter of Barakiel, the daughter of his father’s brother. During this week she gave birth to a son for him, and he named him Noah, explaining: “This oneb will give me consolation from my sadness,c from all my work, and fromd the earth the Lord cursed.”

4:29 At the end of the nineteenth jubilee, during the seventha week—in itsb sixthc year [930]—Adam died.d All his children buried him in the land where he had been created. He was the first to be buried in the ground. 30 He lacked 70a years from 1000 years because 1000 years areb one day in the testimony of heaven. For this reason it was written regarding the tree of knowledge: “Onc the day that you eat from itd you will die.” Therefore he did not complete the years of this day because he died during it.e

4:31 At the conclusion ofa this jubilee Cain was killedb after himc in the same year. His house fell on him, and he diedd inside his house. He was killed by its stones for with a stone he had killed Abele and, by a just punishment, he was killed with a stone.f 32 For this reason it has been ordained on the heavenly tablets: “By the instrument with whicha a man killsb his fellow he is to be killed. Asc he wounded himd so are they to doe to him.”f

4:33 In the twenty-fifth jubilee Noah married a womana whose nameb was Emzara, the daughter of Baakiel,c the daughter of his father’s brotherd—during the first year ine the fifth week [1205]. In its third year [1207] she gave birth to Shem for him; in its fifth year [1209] she gave birthf to Ham for him; and in the first year during the sixth week [1212] she gave birth to Japheth for him.

5:1 Whena humanity began to multiply on the surface of the entireb earthc and daughters were born to them, the angels of the Lordd—in a certaine (year) of this jubilee—saw that they were beautiful to look at. So they married of themf whomever they chose.g They gave birth to children for them andh they were giants.i 2 Wickedness increased on the earth. All animate beings corrupted their waya—(everyone of them) from people to cattle, animals, birds, and everything that moves about on the ground. All of them corrupted their way and their prescribed course.b They began to devour one another,c and wickedness increased on the earth.d Every thought ofe all humanity’s knowledgef was evil like thisg allh the time.i 3 The Lord saw that the earth was corrupt, (that) all animate beings had corrupted theira prescribed course, and (that) all of them—everyone that was on the earth—had acted wickedlyb before his eyes.c 4 He saida that he would obliterateb people and all animate beings that werec on the surfaced of the earth that he had created.e 5 He was pleased with Noah alone.

5:6 Againsta his angels whom he had sent tob the earth he was angry enough to uprootc them from all their (positions of) authority. He told us to tie themd up in the depths of the earth; now they are tied within them and are alone. 7 Regarding their children there went out from his presencea an order to strike them with the swordb and to remove them from beneath the sky.c 8 He said:a “My spirit will not remainb on people foreverc for they are flesh. Theird lifespan is to bee 120 years.” 9 He sent his sworda among them so that theyb would kill one another.c They begand to kill each othere untilf all of them fell byg the swordh and were obliterated from the earth.i 10 Now their fathers were watching,a butb afterwards they were tied upc in the depths of the earth untild the greate day of judgment when there will be condemnationf on all whog have corrupted their waysh and their actionsi before the Lord. 11 He obliterated all froma their places; there remainedb no one of themc whom he did not judged for alle their wickedness. 12 He madea a new and righteous nature forb allc hisd creatures so that they would not sin with their wholee nature until eternity. Everyonef will be righteous—each according to hisg kind—for all time.h

5:13 The judgment of them all has been ordained and written on the heavenly tablets; there is noa injustice. (As for) all whob transgressc from their wayd in which ite was ordainedf for them to go—if they do not go in it,g judgmenth has been written down for each creature and for each kind.i 14 There is nothing that is in heaven or on the earth, in the light, the darkness, Sheol, the deep, or in the dark place—all theira judgments have been ordained, written, and inscribed.b 15 He will exercise judgment regarding everyonea—the great one in accord withb his greatness and the small one in accord withc his smallness—each one in accord with his way.d 16 He is not one who showsa favoritism nor one who takesb a bribe, if he says he will executec judgment against everyone. If someoned gave everything on earth he would not show favoritisme nor would he accept (it) from himf because he is the righteous judge.

5:17 Regarding the Israelites it has been written and ordained: “Ifa they turn to him in the right way,b he will forgivec alld their wickedness and will pardone allf their sins.” 18 It has been written and ordaineda that he will have mercy on all who turnb from all their errors once eachc year. 19 To all who corrupteda their ways and their plan(s)b before the floodc no favor was shownd except to Noah alone because favor was shown to him for the sake of his childrene whomf heg saved from the flood waters for his sakeh because his mind wasi righteous in all his ways,j as it had been commandedk concerning him.l He did not transgress from anything that had been ordained for him.m

5:20 The Lord said that he would obliteratea everything onb the landc—from peopled toe cattle, animals, birds,f and whateverg moves about on the ground. 21 Hea ordered Noah to make himselfb an ark in order to save himselfc from the flood waters. 22 Noah made an ark in every respect as he had ordered him during the twenty-seventha jubilee of years, in the fifth week, during its fifth year [1307]. 23 He entered (it) during its sixth (year) [1308], in the second month—on the first of the second montha until the sixteenth.b He and all that we brought to him entered the ark. The Lord closed itc from outsided on the seventeenth in the evening.

5:24 The Lord opened the seven floodgates of heavena and the openingsb of the sources of the greatcc deep—there beingd sevene openings in number. 25 The floodgates began to send water down from the sky for 40 days and 40 nights, while the sources of the deepa brought waters up until the whole earth was full of water. 26 The waters increased ona the earth; the waters roseb 15 cubits above every high mountain.c The ark rosed abovee the earth and moved about onf the surface of the waters. 27 The waters remained standing on the surface of the earth for five months—150a days. 28 Then the ark camea to rest onb the summit ofc Lubar,d onee of the mountainsf of Ararat. 29 Duringa the fourth month the sources of the great deepb were closed, and the floodgates of heaven were held back. On the first of the seventhc month alld the sourcese of the earth’sf deep places were opened, and the waters started to go down intog the deeph below. 30 On the firsta of the tenth month the summits of the mountains became visible, and on the first of the first monthb the earthc became visible. 31 The waters dried up from above the earth in the fifth week, in its seventh yeara [1309]. On the seventeenth day ofb the second monthc the earth was dry. 32 On its twenty-seventha (day) he opened the ark and sentb from it the animals,c birds, and whateverd moves about.

6:1 On the first ofa the third month heb left the ark and built an altar on thisc mountain.d 2 He made atonementa for the earth, took a kidb and atonedc with its bloodd for all the sins of the earth because everything that was on it had been obliterated except those who were in the ark with Noah. 3 He placed the fata on the altar. Then he took a bull, a ram,b a sheep, goats,c salt, a turtledove, and a dove and offered (them as) a burnt offering ond the altar. He was pouringe on themf an offering mixed with oil, sprinkled wine,g and put frankincense on everything.h He sent up a pleasant fragrance that was pleasing before the Lord. 4 The Lord smelled the pleasant fragrance and made a covenant with him that there would be no flood watersa thatb would destroy the earth;c (that) throughout all the days of the earthd seedtime and harvest would not cease;e (that) cold and heat, summer and winter, day and night would not changef their prescribed pattern and would never cease.g

6:5 “Now you increase and multiply yourselves on the earth and become numerousa upon it. Becomeb a blessingc withind (it). I will put fear of you and dread of you on everything that is on the earth and in the sea. 6 I have now givena you all the animals, all the cattle,b everything that flies, everything that moves aboutc on the earth, the fish in the waters, and everything for food. Like the green herbs I have given you everything to eat.d 7 But you are not to eat animate beings with their spirit—with the blood—(because the vital force of all animate beings is in the blood) so that your blood with your vital forcesa may not be required from the hand ofb any human being.c From the hand of each one I will require the blood of a human being. 8 The persona who sheds the blood of a human beingb will have his blood shed byc a human being because he made humanityd ine the image of God. 9 As for you—increase and become numerous ona the earth.”

6:10 Noaha and his sons swore an oath not to consume anyb blood that was in any animate being. During this month he made a covenant beforec the Lord God forever throughout all the history of the earth.

6:11 For this reason he told you,a too, to make a covenant—accompanied by an oath—with the Israelites during this month on the mountainb and to sprinkle blood on them because of allc the words of the covenantd that the Lord was makinge with them for fall times. 12 This testimony has been writtena regarding youb to keep it for all timesc so that you may not at any time eat any blood of animals or birdsd throughout all the days of the earth. (As for) the human being who has eatene the blood of an animal,f of cattle, or of birds during all the days of the earth—he and his descendants will be uprooted from the earth.

6:13 Now youa command the Israelites not to eat any blood so that their nameb and their descendantsc may continue to exist before the Lord our God for all time.d 14 This law has no temporal limits becausea it is forever. They are to keep it throughout historyb so that they may continue supplicating for themselvesc with bloodd in front ofe the altar each and every day.f In the morningg and in the evening they are continually to ask pardon for themselvesh before the Lord so that they may keep it and not be uprooted.

6:15 He gave Noah and his sons a signa that there would not again beb a floodc on the earth.d 16 He puta his bow in the clouds as a sign of the eternal covenantb that there would not henceforthc be flood waters on the earth for the purpose of destroying itd throughout all the days of the earth.e 17 For this reason it has been ordained and writtena on the heavenly tablets that they should celebrate the Festival of Weeksb during this month—once a yearc—to renew the covenant each andd every year.e 18 This entire festival had been celebrated in heaven from the time of creation until the lifetime of Noah—for 26a jubilees and five weeks of years [=1309]. Then Noah and his sons kept it for seven jubilees and one week of yearsb untilc Noah’s death [=350 years]. From the day of Noah’s deathd his sonse corrupted (it)f until Abraham’s lifetime and were eating blood.g 19 Abraham alonea kept (it),b and his sonsc Isaac and Jacob kept itd until your lifetime. During your lifetimee the Israelitesf forgot (it) until I renewed (it) for themg at this mountain.

6:20 Now you command the Israelites to keepa this festival during allb their generations as a commandmentc for them: one dayd in the year, duringe this month, they are to celebratef the festival. 21 because it is the Festival of Weeks and it is the Festivala of Firstfruits. This festival is twofold and ofb two kinds.c Celebrate it asd it is written and inscribede regarding it. 22 For I have written (this) in the book ofa the first lawb in which I wrotec for you that you should celebrate it at each of its timesd one daye in a year. I have told you about its sacrifice so that the Israelites may continue to remember and celebrate it throughout their generations during this month—one day each year.

6:23 On the first of the first month, the first of the fourth month, the first of the seventh month, and the first of the tenth month are memorial days and days of the seasons.a They are written down and ordained at the four divisions of the year as an eternalb testimony. 24 Noah ordained them as festivals for himselfa throughout the history of eternity with the result that through them he hadb a reminder. 25 On the first of the first month he was told to make the ark, and on it the earth became dry, he opened (it), and saw the earth.a 26 On the first of the fourth month the openingsa of the depths of the abyssb below were closed. Onc the first of the seventh month all the openings of the earth’s depths were opened, andd the water began to go down into them.e 27 On the first of the tenth month the summits ofa the mountains became visible, and Noah was very happy.

6:28 For this reason he ordained them for himself forever as memorial festivals.a So they are ordained, 29 and they enter them on the heavenly tablets. Each one of them (consists of) 13 weeks; their memorial (extends) from one to the other: from the firsta to the second, from the second to third, and from the third to the fourth. 30 All the days of the commandmentsa will be 52b weeks of days; (they will make) the entire yearc complete. 31 So it has been engraveda and ordainedb on the heavenly tablets. One is not allowed to transgressc a single year,d yeare by year.f

6:32 Now you command the Israelites to keep the years in this number—364a days. Then the year will be complete and itb will not disturb its time from its days or from its festivalsc because everything will happend in harmony with their testimony. They wille neitherf omit a day nor disturb a festival. 33 If they transgressa and do not celebrate themb in accord withc his command, d then all of theme will disturb their times. The years will be moved from this;f they will disturbg the times and the yearsh will be moved.i They will transgressj their prescribed pattern. 34 All the Israelites will forget and will nota find the way of the years. They will forget the first of the month, the season, and the Sabbath;b they will err with respect to the entire prescribed pattern of the years.c 35 For I know and from now ona will inform you—not fromb my own mind because this is the wayc the bookd is written in front of me, and the divisions of times are ordained on the heavenly tablets, lest they forgete the covenantalf festivals and walkg in the festivals of the nations, after their errorh and after their ignorance.i 36 There will be people who carefully observe the moona with lunar observations becauseb it is corruptc (with respect to) the seasons and is early from year to year by ten days. 37 Therefore years will come about for them when they will disturb (the year) and make a day of testimonya something worthless and a profane day a festival.b Everyone will join together both holy days with the profane and the profane day with the holy day, for they will errc regarding the months, the Sabbaths, the festivals, and the jubilee.

6:38 For this reason I am commanding you and testifying to you so that you may testify to them because after your death your children will disturb (it) so that they do nota make the year (consist of) 364b (days) only. Therefore, they will err regarding the firstc of the month, the season, the Sabbath,d and the festivals. They will eat alle the blood with all (kinds of) meat.f

7:1 During the seventh week, in its first year, in this jubilee [1317] Noah planted a vineyard at the mountain (whose name was Lubar, one of the mountainsa of Ararat) on which the ark had come to rest. It produced fruit in the fourth yearb [1320]. He guarded its fruit and picked itc thatd year during the seventh month. 2 He madea wineb from it, put it in a container,c and kept it until the fifth year [1321]—until the firstd day at the beginning of the first month. 3 He joyfully celebrated the day of this festival.a He made a burnt offering for the Lord—one young bull, one ram, seven sheep each a year old, and one kid—to make atonement through it forb himself and for his sons.c 4 Firsta he prepared the kid. He put some of its blood on the hornsb (that were on) the altar that he had made. He offered all the fatc on the altar where he made the burnt offering along with the bull, the ram, and the sheep. He offered all their meat on the altar. 5 On ita he placed theirb entire sacrifice mixed with oil. Afterwardsc he sprinkled wine in the fire that had been on the altar beforehand. He put frankincense on the altar and offeredd a pleasant fragrance that was pleasinge before the Lord his God. 6 He was very happy, and he and his sons happily drank some of this wine.

7:7 When evening came, he went into his tent. He lay down drunk and fell asleep. He was uncovereda in his tent as he slept.b 8 Ham saw his father Noah naked and wenta out and told his two brothers outside. 9 Then Shem tooka some clothes,b rose—he and Japheth—and they put the clothes onc theird shoulders as they were facinge backwards. Theyfcovered their father’s shame asg they were facing backwards.h

7:10 When Noah awakened from his sleep,a he realized everything that his youngest son had done to him.b He cursedc his son and said: “Cursed be Canaan. May he become an abject slave to his brothers.” 11 Then he blessed Shem and said: “May the Lord, the God of Shem, be blessed. May Canaan become his slave.a 12 May the Lord enlarge Japheth,a and may the Lord live in the place where Shem resides. May Canaan become their slave.”b 13 When Hama realized that his fatherb had cursed his youngest son, it was displeasing to him that he had cursed his son. He separated from his father—he and with him his sonsc Cush, Mizraim, Put,d and Canaan. 14 He builta himself a city and named it after his wife Neelatamauk.b 15 When Japheth saw (this), he was jealous of his brother. He, too, built himself a city and named it after his wife Adataneses. 16 But Shem remained with his father Noah. He built a city next to his father at the mountain.a He, too, named it afterb his wife Sedeqatelebab. 17 Now these three cities were near Mt. Lubar: Sedeqatelebab in front of the mountain ona its east side; Naeletamauk toward itsb south side; and Adataneses towards the west.

7:18 These were Shem’sa sons: Elam, Asshur,b Arpachshadc (he was bornd two years after the flood), Aram, and Lud.e 19 Japheth’s sons were:a Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal,b Meshech, and Tiras. These were Noah’sc sons.

7:20 During the twenty-eighth jubilee [1324-72] Noah began to prescribea for his grandsons the ordinances and the commandmentsb—everyc statuted that he knew. He testified to his sons that they should do what is right,e cover the shame of their bodies, bless the one who had created them, honor fatherf and mother,g love one another, and keep themselvesh from fornication,i impurity,j and from allk injustice. 21 For it was on account of these three things that the flood was on the earth, since (it was) due to fornication that the Watchersa had illicit intercourse—apart from the mandate of their authority—with women.b When they married of them whomeverc they chose they committed the first (acts) of impurity.d 22 They fathered (as their) sons the Nephilim. All of them were dissimilar (from one another) and would devour one another: the giant killed the Naphil; the Naphil killeda the Elyo;b the Elyo mankind; and people their fellows. 23 When everyone solda himself to commit injustice andb to shed innocentc blood, the earth was filled with injustice. 24 After them alla the animals, birds,b and whatever moves about and whatever walks on the earth.c Much blood was shed on the earth. All the thoughts and wishes of humanity were (devoted to) thinking up what was useless and wicked all the time. 25 Then the Lord obliterated alla from the surfaceb of the earthc because of their actionsd and because of the blood that they had shed in the earth.e

7:26 “We—I and you, my children, and all who entered the ark with usa—were left. But now I am the firstb to see your actions—that you have not beenc conducting yourselves properlyd because you have begun to conduct yourselves in the way of destruction, to separatee from one another, to be jealous of one another, and not to be togetherf with one another, my sons. 27 Fora I myselfb see that the demons have begun to lead you and your childrenc astray; and now I feard regarding you that after I have died you will shede human blood on the earth andf (that) you yourselves will be obliterated from the surface of the earth.g 28 For everyone who sheds human blood and everyone who consumesa the blood of any animate being will all be obliterated from the earth.b 29 No one who consumes blooda or who sheds bloodb on the earth will be left. He will be left with neither descendants nor posterity livingc beneath heaven because they will go into Sheol and will descend into the place of judgment. All of them will depart into deep darknessd through an evil death.e 30 No blood of all the blooda that there may be at any time when you sacrifice any animal,b cattle,c or (creature) that flies above the earth is to be seen on you. Do a good deed for yourselves by covering what is poured outd on the surface ofe the earth. 31 Do not be one who eats (meat) with the blood; exert yourselves so that blooda is not consumedb in your presence. Cover the blood because so was I orderedc to testify to youd and your childrene together with all humanity. 32 Do not eata the life with the meat so thatb your blood, your life,c may not be requiredd from everyone who shedse (blood)f on the earth. 33 For the eartha will not be purified of the blood whichb has been shedc on it; but by the blood of the one who shed it the earth will be purified ind all itse generations.

7:34 Now listen, my children. Doa what is justb and right so that you may be rightly plantedc on the surface of the entire earth.d Then your honore will be raised before my God who saved mef from the flood waters. 35 You will now go and build yourselvesa cities, and in them you will plantb everyc (kind of) plantd that is on the earth as well as every (kind of) fruit tree. 36 For threea years its fruit will remain unpicked by anyone for the purpose of eating it; butb in the fourth year its fruit will be sanctified.c It will be offeredd as firstfruitse that are acceptable before the Most High God,f the Creatorg of heaven, the earth, and everything,h so that they may offer in abundancei the first of the wine and oil as firstfruitsj on the altar of the Lordk who accepts (it). What is left over those who serve in the Lord’s housel are to eatm before the altar that receives (it). 37 During the fifth year arrange relief for it so that you may leave ita in the right and properb way. Then you will be doing the right thing,c and all your planting will be successfuld. 38 For thisa is how Enoch,b the ancestor of your father, commanded his son Methuselah;c then Methuselahd his sone Lamech; and Lamech commanded me everything that his fathers had commanded him.f 39 Now I am commanding you, my children,a as Enochb commanded his son inc the first jubilees, while he was living in itsd seventh generation.” He commandede and testifiedf to his children andg grandchildrenh until the day of his death.i

8:1 In the twenty-ninth jubilee, ina the first week—at its beginningb [1373]—Arpachshad married a woman namedc Rasueya, the daughter of Susan,d the daughter of Elam. She gave birth to a son for him in the third year ofe this week [1375], and he named him Kainan. 2 When the boya grew up, his father taught him (the art of) writing. He went to look for a place of his ownb where he could possess his own city. 3 He found an inscription that the ancients had incised in a rock. He read what was in it, copied it, and sinned on the basis of what was in it,a since in it was the Watchers’ teaching by whichb they used to observe the omensc of the sun, moon, and stars andd every heavenly sign.e 4 He wrote (it)a down but told it to no one because he was afraid to tell Noah about itb lestc he become angry at him for it.

8:5 In the thirtieth jubilee, in the second week—in itsa firstb year [1429]—he married a woman whose name was Melcha, the daughter of Madai, Japheth’s son. In itsc fourth year [1432] he became the father ofd a sone whom he named Shelah, for he said:f “I have truly been sent.” 6 After he was borna in the fourth year, Shelah grew upb and married a woman whose name was Muak, the daughter of Kesed, his father’s brother,c in the thirty-firstd jubilee,e inf the fifth week, ing its first yearg [1499]. 7 She gave birth to a son for him in its fifth yeara [1503], and he named him Eber. He married a woman whose nameb was Azura, the daughter of Nebrod, duringc the thirty-second jubilee, in the seventh week, during itsd third year [1564].

8:8 In thea sixth year [1567] she gave birth to a son for him, and he namedb him Peleg because at the time when he was born Noah’s children began to divide the earth for themselves. For this reason he namedc him Peleg. 9 They divideda it in a bad wayb among themselves and told Noah. 10 At the beginning ofa the thirty-third jubilee [1569-1617] they divided the earth into three parts—for Shem, Ham, and Japheth—each inb hisc own inheritance. (This happened) in the first year ofd the first weeke [1569] while one of us who were sent was staying with them.

8:11 When he summoned his children, they came to him—they anda their children.b He dividedc the earth into the lots that his three sonsd would occupy. They reached out their hands and took the book from the bosom of their father Noah. 12 Ina the book there emerged as Shem’s lotb the center of the earth thatc he would occupy as an inheritance for him and for his childrend throughout the history of eternity: from the middle of the mountain range of Rafa, frome the source of the water from the Tina River. His share goes toward the west through the middle of this river. One then goes until one reaches the water of the deeps from which this river emerges. This river emerges and poursf itsg waters intoh the Me’at Sea. This riveri goes as far asj the Great Sea. Everything to the north belongs to Japheth, while everything to the south belongs to Shem. 13 It goes until it reaches Karas. Thisa is in the bosom of the branch that faces southward. 14 His share goes towarda the Great Sea and goes straightb until it reaches to the west of the branch that faces southward, for thisc is the sea whose named is the Branch of the Egyptian Sea. 15 It turns from there southwards toward the mouth of the Great Sea on the shorea of the waters. It goesb towardc the west ofd Afrae and goes until it reaches the water of the Gihon River andf to the south of the Gihon’s waters along the banks of thisg river. 16 It goes eastward until it reaches the Garden of Eden, toward the south side of it—on the south and from the east of the entire land of Eden and of all the east. It turns to the east and comes until it reaches to the east of the mountain range named Rafa. Then it goes down toward the bank of the Tina River’s mouth.

8:17 This share emerged by lota for Shem and his children to occupy it forever, throughout historyb until eternity.c 18 Noah was very happy thata this shareb had emerged for Shem and his children. He recalled everythingc that he had said in prophecyd withe his mouth, for he had said: “May the Lord, the God of Shem, be blessed, and may the Lord live in the placesf where Shem resides.” 19 He knew that the Garden of Edena is the holy of holies and isb the residence of the Lord; (that) Mt. Sinai is in the middle of the desert; and (that) Mt. Zion is in the middle of the navelc of the earth. The three of them—the one facing the otherd—were created as holy (places). 20 He blesseda the God of gods, who had placed the word of the Lord in his mouth and (he blessed) the Lordb forever. 21 He knew that a blessed and excellent sharea had fallen to the lot ofb Shem and his childrenc throughout the historyd of eternity: all the land of Eden,e all the land of the Erythrean Sea, all the landf of the east, India, (that which is) ing Erythrea and its mountains, all the land of Bashan, all the land of Lebanon, the islands of Caphtor, the entire mountain range of Sanir and Amana, the mountain range of Asshur that is in the north,h all the land of Elam, Asshur, Babylon, Susan, and Madai; all the mountainsi of Ararat, all the area on the other side of the sea that is on the other side of the mountain rangej of Asshur toward the north—a blessed and spacious land. Everything in it is very beautiful.

8:22 For Ham there emerged a second sharea towardb the other side of the Gihon—toward the south—on the right side of the garden. It goes southwardc and goes to all the fiery mountains. It goes westward toward the Atel Sea; it goes westward until it reaches the Mauk Sea, everything that descends into which isd destroyed. 23 It comesa to the north to the boundary of Gadir and comes to the shoreb of the sea waters, to the waters of the Great Sea,c until it reaches the Gihon River. The Gihon River goes until it reaches the right side of the Garden of Eden.

8:24 This is the landa that emerged for Ham as a share that he would occupy for himself and his children forever throughout their generations until eternity.

8:25 For Japheth there emerged a third share on the other side of the Tina River towarda the north of the mouth of itsb waters. It goes toward the northeast, (toward) the whole area of Gog and all that is east of them. 26 It goes due northa and goes toward the mountainsb of Qelt, to the northc and toward the Mauq Sea. It comes to the east of Gadir as far as the edge of the sea waters. 27 It goes until it reaches the west of Fara.a Then it goes back toward Aferag and goes eastward toward the water of the Me’at Sea. 28 It goes to the edgea of the Tina River toward the northeast until it reaches the bank of itsb waters toward the mountain rangec of Rafa. It goes around the north.

8:29 This is the land that emerged for Japheth and his children as his hereditary share which he would occupya for himself and his children throughout their generations forever:b five large islands and a large landc in the north. 30 However, it is cold while the land of Ham is hot. Now Shem’s land is neither hot nor cold but it is a mixture of cold and heat.

9:1 Ham divideda (his share) among his sons. There emerged a first share for Cush to the east; to the west of him (one) for Egypt; to the west of himb (one) for Put; to the west of him (one) for Canaan; and to the west of him was the sea. 2 Shem, too, divided (his share) among his sons. There emerged a first share for Elam and his children to the easta of the Tigris river until it reaches the east, the entireb land of India, inc Erythrea on its border, the waters of Dedan, all the mountains of Mebri and Ela, alld the land of Susan, and everything on the border of Farnak as far as the Erythrean Sea and the Tina River. 3 For Asshur there emerged as the second share the whole land of Asshur, Nineveh, Shinar, and Saka as far as the vicinity of India, (where) the Wadafab River rises.c 4 For Arpachshad there emerged as a third share all the land of the Chaldean region to the east of the Euphrates that is close to the Erythrean Sea; all the waters of the desert as far as the vicinity of the branch of the sea that facesa Egypt; the entire land of Lebanon, Sanir,b and Amana as far as the vicinity of the Euphrates. 5 There emerged for Aram as the fourth share the entire land of Mesopotamia betweena the Tigris and Euphrates to the north of the Chaldeans as far as the vicinity of the mountain range of Asshur and the land of Arara. 6 For Lud there emerged as the fifth share the mountain rangea of Asshur and all that belongs to it until it reaches the Great Sea and reaches to the east of his brother Asshur.

9:7 Japheth, too,a divided the land among his sons as an inheritance. 8 There emerged for Gomer a first share eastward froma the north side as far as the Tina River. North of him there emerged (as a share) for Magog all the central parts of the north until it reaches the Me’at Sea. 9 For Madai there emerged a share for him to occupy on the west of his two brothers as far as the islandsa and the shores of the islands.b 10 For Javan there emerged as the fourth share every islanda and the islands that are in the direction of Lud’s border. 11 For Tubal there emerged as the fifth share the middle of the branch that reaches the border of Lud’s share as far as the second branch,a andb the other side of the second branch intoc the third branch. 12 For Meshech there emergeda a sixth share, namely all the (region on the) other side of the third branch until it reaches to the east of Gadir. 13 For Tiras there emerged as the seventh share the four large islands within the sea thata reach Ham’s share. The islands of Kamaturi emerged by lot for Arpachshad’s children as hisb inheritance.

9:14 In this way Noah’s sons divided (the earth) for their sonsa in front of their father Noah. He made (them) swearb by oath to curse each and every one who wanted to occupyc the share that did not emerged by his lot. 15 All of them said: “So be it.a So be it for them and their children untilb eternity during their generations until the day of judgment on which the Lord God will punish them with the sword and fire because of all the evil impurityc ofd their errors by which they have fillede the earth with wickedness, impurity, fornication, and sin.”

10:1 During the third week of this jubilee [1583-89] impure demons began to mislead Noah’s grandchildren, to make them act foolishly, and to destroy them. 2 Then Noah’s sonsa came to their father Noah and told him about the demons who were misleading, blinding, and killingb his grandchildren. 3 Hea prayed beforeb the Lord his Godc and said: “God of the spirits which ared in all animate beings—you who have shown kindnesse to me,f saved me and my sons from the flood waters,g and did not make meh perish as you did to the people (meant for) destructioni—because your mercy for me has been large and your kindness to me has been great: may your mercy be liftedj over the children of your children;k and may the wicked spiritsl not rule them in order to destroy them from the earth. 4 Now you bless mea and my children so that we may increase, become numerous,b and fill the earth. 5 You knowa how yourb Watchers, the fathers of these spirits,c have acted during my lifetime.d As for these spirits who have remained alive,e shut them up and hold them captive in the place of judgment. May they not cause destruction among your servant’s sons, my God, for they are depraved and were created for the purpose of destroying. 6 May they not rule the spirits of the living for you alone knowa their punishment; and may they not have powerb over the sons of the righteous from now and forevermore.” 7 Then our Goda told usb to imprison each one.

10:8 When Mastema,a the leader of the spirits,b came, he said: “Lord Creator,c leave some of them before me; let them listend to me and doe everything that I tell them,f because if none of them is leftg for meh I shall not be ablei to exercise the authority of my willj amongk hamanity. Forl they are meant for (the purposes of) destroyingm and misleadingn beforeo my punishment because the evilp of mankind is great.” 9 Then he said that a tenth of thema should be leftb before him,c while he would make nine parts descend to the place of judgment.d 10 He told one of us that we should teach Noah alla their medicines because he knewb that they would neither conduct themselves properly nor contend fairly. 11 We acted in accord with his entirea command. All of the evil onesb who were depraved we imprisoned in the place of judgment, while we left a tenth of them to exercise powerc on the earth before the satan. 12 We told Noah all the medicines for their diseases with their deceptions so that he could curea (them) by means of the earth’s plants.b 13 Noah wrotea down in a bookb everything (just) asc we had taught him regarding all the kinds of medicine, and the evil spirits were stopped from pursuing Noah’s children. 14 He gave all the booksa that he had writtenb to his oldest son Shemc because he loved him much more than all his sons.d

10:15 Noah slepta with his fathersb and was buried on Mt. Lubarc in the land of Ararat. 16 He completed 950 years in his lifetime—19a jubilees, two weeks, and five years— 17 (he) whoa lived longerb on the earthc than (other) people except Enoch because of hisd righteousness in which he was perfect ([i.e.] in his righteousness):e because Enoch’s workf was something created as a testimony for the generations of eternity so that he should reportg all deeds throughouth generation after generation oni the day of judgment.

10:18 During the thirty-third jubilee, in the first year in thisa second week [1576], Peleg married a woman whose name was Lomna, the daughter of Sinaor. She gave birth to a son for him in the fourth year of this week [1579], and he named him Ragew, forb he said: “Humanity has now become evil throughc the perverse plan to build themselves a city andd tower in the land of Shinar.” 19 For they had emigrated froma the land ofb Ararat toward the east, to Shinar, because in his lifetime they built the city and the tower, saying: “Let usc ascend throughd it to heaven.” 20 They began to build. In the fourth week [1590-96] they useda fire for baking and bricks served them as stones. The mudb with which they were plastering was asphalt that comes from the sea and from the water springs in the land of Shinar. 21a They continued building for 43 years. The height was 5433 cubits and two spans, the width about 203 bricks; the height of the brick was a third of one brick; the extent of one wall was thirteen stades and of the other thirty.

10:22 Then the Lord our God said to us: “The peoplea here are one, and they have begunb to work. Now nothing will eludec them. Come, let us go down andd confusee their languages so that they do not understand one another and are dispersed into cities and nations and one plan no longer remains with them until the day of judgment.” 23 So the Lord went down and we went down with hima to seeb the city and the tower that humanity had built.c 24 Hea confusedb every soundc of their languages; no one any longer understood what the other was saying. Then they stopped building the city and the tower. 25 For this reason the whole land of Shinar was named Babel because therea God confused allb the languages of humanity. From there they were dispersed into their cities, each according to their languages and their nations. 26 The Lord sent a winda at the towerb and tipped itc to the ground. It is now between Asshur and Babylon, in the land of Shinar. He named it Collapse.

10:27 In the fourth week, during the first year—at its beginning—ofa the thirty-fourth jubilee [1639], they were dispersed from the land ofb Shinar. 28 Ham and his sons went into the land that he was to occupy, which he had acquired as his share, in the southern country. 29 When Canaan saw that the land of Lebanon as far as the stream of Egypt was very beautiful, he did not go to his hereditary landa to the west of the sea. He settledb in the land of Lebanon, on the east and west, from the border ofc the Jordand and one the seacoast. 30 His father Ham and his brothersa Cush and Mizraim said to him: “You have settled in a land that was not yours and did not emerge for us by lot. Do not act this way, for if you do act this way both you and your children will fall in the landb and be cursed with dissension, because you have settled in dissensionc and in dissension your children will fall and be uprootedd forever. 31 Do not settle in Shem’s residencea becauseb it emerged by theirc lot for Shem and his sons.d 32 You are cursed and will be cursed more than all of Noah’s children through the curse by whicha we obligated ourselvesb with an oath before the Holy Judge and beforec your father Noah.” 33 But he did not listen to them. He settleda in the land of Lebanonb—from Hamath to the entrancec of Egypt—he and his sons until the present. 34 For this reason that landa was named the landb of Canaan.

10:35 Japheth and his sons went toward the sea and settled ina the land of their share. Madai saw the landb near the seac but it did not please him. So he pleaded (for land) from Elam, Asshur, and Arpachshad, his wife’s brother.d He has settled in the land of Medeqin near his wife’s brothere until the present. 36 He named the place where he lived and the place where his childrena lived Medeqin after their father Madai.

11:1 In the thirty-fifth jubilee, during the third week—in its first year [1681]—Ragew married a woman whose name was Ara, the daughter of Ur, Kesed’s son.a She gave birth to a sonb for him, and he namedc him Serug in the seventhd yeare of this weekf [1687]. 2 During this jubilee Noah’s children began to fight one another, to take captives, and to kill one another; to shed human blood on the earth, to consume blood; to build fortified cities, walls,a and towers; men to elevate themselves over peoples, to set up the first kingdoms;b to go to war—people against people, nations against nations, city against city;c and everyone to do evil, to acquire weapons, and to teach warfare to their sons. City began to capture cityd and to sell malee and female slaves. 3 Ur,a Kesed’s son, built the city ofb Ara of the Chaldeans. He named it after himself and his father. 4 They made carved images for themselves.a Each one would worshipb the idol that he had madec as his ownd carved image. They began to make statues,e images, and unclean things;f the spirits ofg the depravedh ones were helping and misleading (them) so that they would commit sins, impurities, andi transgression.j 5 Princea Mastema was exerting his power in effecting all these actions and, by means of the spirits, he was sending to those who were placedb under his control (the ability) to commit every (kind of) error and sin and every (kind of) transgression; to corrupt, to destroy, and to shed blood on the earth. 6 For this reason Serug was nameda Serug: because everyoneb turnedc to commit everyd (kind of) sin.

11:7 Hea grew up and settled in Ur of the Chaldeans near the father of his mother.b He was a worshiper of idols. During the thirty-sixth jubilee, in the fifth week, in its first yearc [1744], he married a woman whose name was Melcha, the daughter of Kaber, the daughter d of his father’s brother.e 8 She gave birth toa Nahor for him during the first year of this week [1744]. He grew up and settled in Ur—inb the one that is the Urc of the Chaldeans. His father taught him the studies of the Chaldeans:d to practice divination and to augur by the signs of the sky. 9 During the thirty-seventh jubilee, in the sixth week, in its first year [1800], he married a woman whose name was Iyaseka, the daughter of Nestag of the Chaldeans. 10 She gave birth toa Terah for him in the seventh year of this week [1806].

11:11 Thena Princeb Mastema sent ravens and birds to eat the seed that would be planted in the ground andc to destroy the landd in order to rob humanitye of their labors.f Before they plowed in the seed, the ravens would pick (it) from the surface of the ground. 12 For this reason hea named him Terah: because the ravens and birds were reducing them to poverty and eating their seed. 13 The years began to be unfruitful due toa the birds. They would eat all the fruit of the trees from the orchards. During their time,b ifc they were able to saved a little of all the fruit of the earth, it was with great effort.

11:14 During the thirty-ninth jubilee, in the second week, in the first yeara [1870], Terah married a woman whose name was Edna, the daughter of Abram,b the daughter ofc his father’s sister.d 15 In the seventh yeara of thisb week [1876] she gave birth to a son for him, and he named him Abram after his mother’s father because he had died before his daughter’s son was conceived. 16 The child began to realize the errors of the earth—that everyone was going astray after the statuesa and after impurity.b Hisc father taught him (the art of) writing. When he was two weeks of years [=14 years], he separated from his father in order not to worship idolsd with him. 17 He began to pray to the Creator of alla that he would save him from the errors of humanity that it might not fall to his shareb to go astrayc after impurity and wickedness.

11:18 When the time for planting seeds in the ground arrived, all of them went out together to guard the seeda from the ravens. Abram—a childb of 14 years—went out with those who were going out. 19 As a cloud of ravens camea to eat the seed,b Abram would run at them before they could settle on the ground. He would shout at them before they could settle on the ground to eat the seed and would say: “Do not come down; return to the placec from which you came!” And they returned.d 20 That daya he didb (this) to the cloud of ravensc 70 times.d Not a single raven remainede in anyf of the fields where Abram was. 21 All who were with him in any ofa the fields would see him shouting: thenb allc of the ravens returned (to their place). His reputation grew larged throughout the entire land of the Chaldeans. 22 All who were planting seed came to him in this year, and he kept going with them until the seedtime came to an end. They planteda their land and that year brought in enoughb food. So they ate and were filled.c

11:23 In the first year ofa the fifth week [1891] Abram taught the people whob made equipment for bulls—the skillful woodworkers—and they made an implement above the ground, opposite the plow beam, so that one could placec seed on it. The seedd would then drop downe from it onto the end of the plowf and be hidden in the ground; and they would no longer be afraidg of the ravens.h 24 They made (something) like this above the grounda on every plowb beam. They planted seed, and all the landc did asd Abram told them. So they were no longer afraide of the birds.f

12:1 During the sixth week, in its seventha year [1904], Abramb said to his father Terah: “My father.”c He said:d “Yes, my son?” 2 He said: “What help and advantagea do we get from theseb idolsc before which you worship and prostrated yourself? 3 For there is no spirit in them becausea they are dumb. They are an error of the mind. Dob not worship them. 4 Worship the God of heaven who makes the raina and dew fall on the earth and makes everything on the earth.b He createdc everything by his word; and all life (comes) from his presence.d 5 Why do you worship those things that have noa spirit in them? For they are made by hands and you carry them on your shoulders. You receive no help from them, but instead they are a great shame for those who make themb and an error of the mind for those who worship them. Do not worship them.”c 6 Then hea said to him:b “I, too, know (this), my son. Whatc shall I dod with the peoplee who have orderedf me to serve in their presence? 7 If I tell them what is right, they will kill me because they themselves are attacheda to them so that they worship and praise them. Be quiet, my son, so that they do not kill you.” 8 When he told these thingsa to his two brothers and they became angry at him, he remained silent.b

12:9 During the fortieth jubilee, in the second week, in its seventh year [1925], Abram married a woman whose name was Sarai,a the daughter of his father, and she became his wife. 10 His brother Haran married a woman in the third year of the third week [1928], anda sheb gave birth to a son for him in the seventh year of this week [1932]. He named him Lot. 11 His brother Nahor also got married.

12:12 In the sixtietha year of Abram’sb life (which was the fourth week, in its fourth yearc [1936]), Abramd got up at night and burned the temple of the idols.e He burned everything inf theg temple but no one knew (about it).h 13 They got up at night and wanted to save their gods from the fire. 14 Haran dashed in to save them,a but the fire raged over him. He was burned in the fireb and died in Urc of the Chaldeans before his father Terah. They buried him in Ur of the Chaldeans.d 15 Then Terah left Ur of the Chaldeans—he and his sons—to go to the land of Lebanon and the land of Canaan. He settleda in Haran,b and Abram livedc withd his father in Haran for two weeks of years.

12:16 In the sixth week, during its fifth year [1951], Abram sata at night—at the beginning ofb the seventh month—to observe the starsc from eveningd to dawne in order to see whatf would be the character of the yearg with respect to the rains. He was sitting and observing by himself. 17 A voice came to his mind and he said: “All the signs of the stars and the signs of the moon and the suna—allb are under the Lord’s control. Why should I be investigating (them)? 18 If he wishes he will make it rain in the morning and evening;a and if he wishes, he will not make it fall. Everything is under his control.”

12:19 That nighta he prayed and said:

My God, my God,b Godc Most High,

You alone are my God.

You have created everything:d

Everythinge that was andf has beeng is the producth of your hands.

You and your lordship I have chosen.

20 Savea me from the power ofb the evil spirits who rule the thoughts of people’s minds.

May they not mislead me from following you, my God.

Do establish mec and my posterity forever.d

May we not go astray from now until eternity.

12:21 Then he said:a “Shall I return to Ur of the Chaldeans who are looking for me to returnb to them? Or am I to remain here in this place? Make the path that is straight before you prosper through your servant so that he may do (it). May I not proceed in the error of my mind, my God.”

12:22 Whena he had finished speaking and praying, then the word of the Lord was sent to him through me: “Nowb you, come from your land, your family,c and your father’s house to the land that I will show you. I will make youd into a large and numerouse people. 23 I will bless you and magnifya your reputation. You will be blessedb in the earth.c All the nationsd of the earthe will be blessed in you. Those who bless you I will bless, while those who curse you I will curse. 24 I will be Goda for you, your son,b your grandson,c and all your descendants. Do not be afraid. From nowd untile all the generations of the earthf I am your God.”g 25 Then the Lord Goda said to me: “Open his mouth and his ears to hear and speak with his tongueb in the revealed language.” For from the day of the Collapsec it had disappeared from the mouth(s) of all humanity.d 26 I opened his mouth,a ears,b and lipsc and began to speak Hebrewd with him—in the languagee of the creation.f 27 He took his fathers’a books (they wereb written in Hebrew) and copied them. From that time he began to study them,c while I was telling him everything that he was unable (to understand). He studied themd throughout the sixe rainy months.f

12:28 Ina the seventhb year ofc the sixth week [1953], hed spoke with his father and told him that he was leavinge Haran to go to the landf of Canaan to see itg and return to him.h 29 His father Terah said to him:

Go in peace.

May the eternal Goda make your way straight;

May the Lord be with you and protect you from every evil;b

And may no person have powerc over you to harmd you.e

Goh in peace.

12:30 “If you see a land that, in your view, is a pleasant onea in which to live, then come and take me to you.b Take Lot, the son of your brother Haran,c with you as your son.d May the Lord be with you.e 31 Leave your brother Nahor with mea until you returnb in peace.c Then all of us together will go with you.”

13:1 Abram went from Harana and took his wife Sarai and Lot, the son of his brother Haran, to the land of Canaan. He cameb to Asur.c He walked as far asd Shechem and settled near a tall oake tree. 2 He saw that the land—from the entrance of Hamath to the tall oaka—was very pleasant. 3 Then the Lord said to him:a “To you and your descendants I will giveb this land.” 4 He built an altar there and offereda on itb a sacrifice to the Lord who had appeared to him.

13:5 He departeda from there toward the mountain of Bethelb thatc is toward the sea, with Aid toward the east, and pitched his tente there. 6 He saw that the landa was spacious and most excellent and (that) everything was growing on it:b vines, fig trees, pomegranates, oak trees, holm oaks, terebinths, olive trees,c cedars,d cypresses, incense trees,e and all (kinds of) wild trees; and (there was) water on the mountains. 7 Then he blessed the Lorda who had led himb from Ur of the Chaldeans and brought himc to thisd mountain.e

13:8 Duringa the firstb year in the seventh week [1954]—on the first of the month inc which he had initially built the altard on this mountain—he called one the name off the Lord:g “You,h my God, are the eternal God.” 9 He offered toa the Lord a sacrifice on the altar so that he would be with him and not abandon himb throughout hisc entire lifetime.

13:10 He departeda from there and went toward the south. When he reached Hebronb (Hebron was built at that time), he stayed there for two years. Then he wentc to the southern territoryd as far ase Baalat. There was a famine in the land. 11 So Abram went toa Egypt in the thirdb year of the weekc [1956]. He lived in Egyptd for five years before his wife was taken from him by force.e 12 Egyptian Tanaisa was built at that time—seven yearsb after Hebron. 13 When Pharaoh took Abram’s wife Sarai by force for himself, the Lord punisheda Pharaoh and his householdb very severely because of Abram’s wife Sarai. 14a Now Abramb had an extremely large amount of property:c sheep, cattle, donkeys, horses, camels,d male and female servants, silver, and very (much) gold. Lot—his brother’s son—also hade property.f 15 Pharaoh returned Abram’sa wife Sarai and expelledb himc from the land of Egypt. He went to the place whered he had first pitchede his tent—at the locationf of the altar,g with Ai on the easth and Bethel on the west.i He blessed the Lordj his God who had brought him back safely.

13:16 During thisa forty-bfirstc jubilee, in the thirdd year of the first week [1963], he returned toe this place. He offered a sacrifice on it and called on the Lord’s name:f “You, Lord,g Most Highh God,i are my God forever and ever.”

13:17 In the fourth year of thisa week [1964] Lot separated from him. Lotb settled in Sodom.c Now the people of Sodomd were very sinful. 18 He was brokenhearteda that his brother’s sonb had separated from himc for he had no children. 19 In that year when Lot was taken captive,a the Lord spoke to Abram—after Lot had separated from him, in the fourth yearb of thisc week—and said to him: “Look upd from the placee where you havef been livingg toward the north, the south, the west, andh the east;i 20 because all the land that you seea I will give to you and your descendantsb forever. I will make your descendants like the sands of the sea.c (Even) ifd a man cane count the sands of the earth,f your descendants will (still) notg be counted.h 21 Get up anda walk throughb its length andc its width. Look at everythingd because I will give ite to your descendants.” Then Abram went to Hebron and lived there.

13:22 In this year Chedorlaomer, the king of Elam, Amraphel, the king of Shinar, Arioch, the king of Selasar, and Tergal,a the king of the nations cameb and killedc the king of Gomorrah, while the king of Sodom fled. Many people fell with wounds in the valley of Saddimaw,d ine the Salt Sea.f 23 Theya took captive Sodom, Adamah, and Zeboim; they also took Lot, the son of Abram’s brother,b captive and all his possessions. Hec went as far as Dan. 24 One who had escaped came and told Abram that the son of his brothera had been taken captive. 25 When he had armeda his household servants, [Abram went up and killed Chedorlaomer. Upon returning, he took a tithe of everything and gave it to Melchizedek. This tithe was]b for Abramc and his descendants the tithe of the firstfruitsd for the Lord. The Lord made it an eternale ordinance that they should give it to the priests who serve before him for them to possess it forever. 26 This law has no temporal limit because he has ordained it for the history of eternity to give a tenth of everythinga to the Lord—of seed,b the vine, oil,c cattle, and sheep.d 27 He has given (it) to the priests to eat and to drink joyfully before him.a

13:28 When the king of Sodom came upa to him, he kneltb before him and said:c “Our lord Abram, kindly give usd the people whom you rescued, but their booty is to be yours.”e 29 Abram said to him: “I lift my hands to the Most High God (to show that) I will not take anything of yoursa—not a thread or sandal thongs, so that you may not say: “I have made Abram rich”—excepting only what the young menb have eaten and the share of the menc who went with me: Awnan, Eschol, and Mamre. These will taked their share.”

14:1 After these things—in the fourth year of this week [1964], on the first of the third month—the word of the Lord came to Abram in a dream:a “Do not be afraid, Abram. I am your protector; your rewardb will be very large.” 2 Hea said: “Lord, Lord,b what are you going to give me when I go onc being childless.d The son of Maseqe—the son of my maidservantf—that is Damascene Eliezerg—will be my heir.h You have given me no descendants. Give me descendants.”i 3 He said to him: ‘This onea will not be your heir but rather someone who will come outb of your loinse will be your heir.”d 4 He brought him outside and said to him: “Look at the sky and counta the starsb ifc you can count them.” 5 When he had looked at the skya and seen the stars, he said to him: “Your descendants will beb like this.” 6 He believed the Lord, and it was credited to him as something righteous.a

14:7 He said to him: “I am the Lorda who brought you from Urb of the Chaldeans to give you the land of the Canaanites to occupy forever and to bec God for you and your descendants after you.” 8 He said:a “Lord, Lord, how will I knowb that I will inherit (it)?”c 9 He said to him: “Get for mea a three-year-old calf,b a three-year-old goat,c a three-year-old sheep,d a turtledove,e and a dove.”f 10 He got all of thesea in the middle of the month. He was living at the oak of Mamre that is near Hebron. 11 He built an altar there and sacrificeda all of these. He poured their blood on the altar and divided them in the middle. He put them oppositeb one another, but the birds he did not divide.c 12 Birds kept coming down on what was spread out,a but Abram kept preventing them and not allowingb the birds to touch them.

14:13 At sunset,a a terror fell on Abram; indeed a great,b dark fear fell on him.c It was said to Abram: “Know for a fact that your descendants will be aliens in a foreign land. They will enslave them and oppress them for 400 years. 14 But I will judge the nation whom they serve.a Afterwards, they will leaveb from there with many possessions. 15 But you will go peacefully to your fathers and be burieda at a ripe old age. 16 In the fourth generation they will return to this place because until now the sins of the Amorites have not been completed.” 17a When he awakenedb and got up, the sun had set. There was a flame and an oven was smoking. Fiery flames passed betweenc what was spread out.d 18 On that daya the Lord concluded a covenant with Abram with these words: “To your descendants I will give this land from the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the Euphrates River:b that of the Kenites, the Kenizzites,c the Kadmonites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, the Phakorites, the Hivites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.”d

14:19 It passed (along),a and Abram offered what had been spread out, the birds, their (cereal) offering, and their libation.b The fire devoured them. 20 During thisa dayb we concluded a covenant with Abram like the covenant thatc we concluded during this month with Noah. Abram renewed the festival and the ordinanced for himself forever.

14:21 Abram was very happy and told all these thingsa to his wife Sarai. He believed that he would have descendants, but she continued not to have a child. 22 Sarai advised her husband Abram and said to him: “Go in to my Egyptian slave-girl Hagar; perhaps I will build upa descendants for you from her.” 23 Abram listened to his wife Sarai’s suggestion and said to her: “Do (as you suggest).” So Saraia took herb Egyptian slave-girl Hagar, and gave her to her husbandc Abram to be his wife. 24 He went in to her, she became pregnant,a and gave birth to a son. Heb named him Ishmael in the fifth year ofc thisd week [1965]. Thate year was the eighty-sixth year in Abram’s life.

15:1 During the fifth year of thea fourthb week of thisc jubilee [1986]—in the third month, in the middle of the month—Abram celebrated the Festival of the Firstfruits of the wheatd harvest.e 2 He offered as a new sacrifice on the altar the firstfruits of the food for the Lord—a bull,a a ram, and a sheep;b (he offered them) on the altar as a sacrifice to the Lord together with their (cereal) offerings and their libations. He offeredc everythingd on the altar with frankincense.

15:3 The Lord appeared to him,a and the Lord said to Abram:b “I am the God of Shaddai.c Please me and bed perfect. 4 I will place mya covenant between me and you. I will increase you greatly.” 5 Then Abram fell prostrate. The Lord spoke with him and said:a 6 “My pact is now with you.a I will make youb the father of manyc nations. 7 You will no longer be calleda Abram; your name from now to eternityb is to bec Abraham because I have designated you the father of many nations. 8 I will make you very great.a I will make you intob nations, and kings shall emerge from you. 9 I will place my covenant between me and you and your descendants after you throughouta their generations andb as an eternal pact so that I may be God to youc and to your descendants after you.d 10 [To you and your descendants after you I will give]a the land whereb you have resided as an alien—the land of Canaan that you will rulec forever. I will be their God.”

15:11 Then the Lord said to Abraham: “As for you, keep my covenant—youa and your descendants after you. Circumciseb all your males; circumcise your foreskins.c It will be a signd of mye eternal pact (which is) between me and you. 12 You will circumcisea a childb on the eighth day—every male in your families: the person (who has been born in your) house, the one whom you purchased with money from any foreigners—whom you have acquiredc who is not from your descendants.d 13 The person who is borna in your house must be circumcised;b and those whom you purchased with money are to be circumcised. My covenant will bec in your flesh asd an eternal pact. 14 The male who has not been circumciseda—the flesh of whose foreskin has not been circumcised on the eighth day—that person will be uprootedb from his people because he has violated my covenant.”c

15:15 The Lord said to Abraham: “Your wife Sarai willa no longerb be called Sarai forc her name will be Sarah. 16 I will bless her.a I will give youb a son from her and will bless him. He will become a nation,c and kings of nationsd will come from him.” 17 Abraham fell prostrate and was very happy. He said to himself: “Willa a son be bornb to one who is 100 years of age? Will Sarah who is 90 years of age give birth (to a child)?”c 18 (So) Abraham said to the Lord: “I wish that Ishmael could live in your presence.” 19 The Lord said:a “Very well,b butc Sarah,d too, will give birth to a sone for you and you will name him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an eternal covenantf and for his descendants after him. 20 Regarding Ishmael I have listened to you. I will indeed bless him, increase him, and make him very numerous. He will father 12a princes, and I will make himb intoc a larged nation. 21 But my covenanta I will establish with Isaac to whom Sarah will give birth for you atb this time next year.” 22 When he had finished speaking with him,a the Lordb went upc fromd Abraham.

15:23 Abraham did as the Lord told him. He took his son Ishmael, everyone who was borna in his house and who had been purchased with moneyb—every malec who was in his housed—and circumcisede the flesh of their foreskins.f 24 On the same day Abraham was circumcised;a those who were born in his house, the men of his household,b and all those who had been purchased with moneyc evend frome foreignersf were circumcised with him.g

15:25 Thisa law is (valid) for all history forever. There is no circumcisingb of days, nor omitting any day of the eightc days because it is an eternal ordinance ordained and written on the heavenly tablets.d 26 Anyone who is born,a the flesh of whose private parts has not been circumcised byb the eighth day does not belong to the people of the pact that the Lord made with Abraham but toc the people (meant for) destruction. Moreover, there is no sign on him that he belongs to the Lord, butd (he is meant) for destruction, for being destroyede from the earth,f and for being uprooted from the earthg because he has violated the covenant of the Lord our God. 27 For this is what the nature of all the angels of the presencea and all the angels of holinessb was like from the day of their creation.c In front of the angels of the presenced and the angels of holiness he sanctified Israel to bee with him and his holy angels.f

15:28 Now you command the Israelites to keepa the sign of this covenantb throughoutc their historyd as an eternal ordinancee so that they may not be uprooted from the earth 29 because the command has been ordained as a covenanta so that they should keep itb forever on all the Israelites. 30 For the Lord did not drawa near to himself either Ishmael, his sons,b his brothers, or Esau.c He did not choose them (simply) because they were amongd Abraham’s children, for he knew them. But he chose Israel to be his people.e 31 He sanctified thema and gathered (them)b from all humanity. For there are many nations and many peoplesc andd all belong to him. He made spirits rulee over all in order to lead them astrayf from following him.g 32 But over Israel he made no angel ora spirit rule because he aloneb is their ruler. Hec will guard them and require them for himself fromd his angels, his spirits,e and everyone, and all his powersf so that he may guard themg and bless them and so that they may be hish and he theirsi from now and forever.

15:33 I am now telling youa that the Israelites will prove false to this ordinance. They will not circumciseb their sons in accord with this entire lawc because they will leave some of the flesh of their circumcisiond when they circumcise their sons. All the people ofe Belial will leave their sons uncircumcised just as they were born. 34 Then there will be great anger from the Lord against the Israelites because they abandoned his covenant,a departed from his word,b provoked, and blasphemed in that they did not perform the ordinance ofc this sign.d Fore they have made themselves like the nations so as to be removedf and uprooted from the earth.g They will no longer have forgiveness or pardon so that they should be pardonedh and forgiveni for every sin,j for (their) violationk of this eternal (ordinance).

16:1 On the first day of the fourth month we appeared to Abraham at the oaka of Mamre. We spoke with him and told him that a sonb would be given to him from his wife Sarah. 2 Sarah laughed when she heard that we had conveyed this message to Abraham, but when we chided hera she became frightened and denied that she had laughedb about the message. 3 We told her the name of her sona as it is ordained andb writtenc on the heavenly tablets—Isaacd4 and (that) when we returned to her at a specific time she would have become pregnant with a son.a

16:5 During this month the Lord executed the judgment of Sodom and Gomorrah, Zeboima and all the environs of the Jordan. He burnedb them with fire and brimstone and annihilated them until the present in accord with what I have now told you (about)c all their actions—thatd they were depraved and very sinful, (that) they would defile themselves, commit sexual sins in their flesh,e and do what was impuref upon the earth. 6 The Lord will execute judgment in the same way in the placesa where people commitb the same sort of impure actions as Sodom—just like the judgment on Sodom.c 7 But we went about rescuinga Lot because the Lord remembered Abraham. So he brought him outb from the overthrow (of Sodom). 8 He and his daughters committed a sin on the earth that had not occurred on the eartha from the time of Adam until his timeb because the man had sex with his daughter.c 9 Here it has been commandeda and engravedb on the heavenlyc tablets regarding all his descendants that he is to remove them, uproot them, execute judgment on them liked the judgment of Sodom, and not to leave hime anyf human descendants ong the earth on the day of judgment.

16:10 During this month Abraham migrated from Hebron. He went and settled betweena Kadesh and Sur inb the boundariesc of Gerar. 11 In the middle of the fifth month he migrated from there and settled ata the well of the oath. 12 In the middle of the sixth month the Lord visited Sarah and did for her as he had said.a 13 She became pregnant and gave birth to a son in the thirda month; in the middle of the month, on the day that the Lord had told Abraham—on the Festival of the Firstfruits of the harvest—Isaac was born. 14 Abraham circumciseda him the eighth day.b He was the first to be circumcised according toc the covenant thatd was ordained forever.

16:15 In the sixth year ofa the fourth week [1987] we came to Abraham at the well of the oath. We appeared to him just as we had said to Sarah that we would returnb to her and she would have become pregnant with a son. 16 We had returned during the seventh month, and in front of usa we had found Sarah pregnant. We blessed himb and told himc everything that had been commandedd for him: that he would not yet die untile he became the father of sixf sons and (that) he would see themg before he died; but (that) through Isaac he would have a reputation and descendants.h 17 All the descendants of his sonsa would become nations and be numbered with the nations. But one of Isaac’s sons would become a holy progeny and would notb be numbered among the nations, 18 for he would become the share of the Most High. All his descendants had fallen into the (share) that God ownsa so that they would become a treasuredb people of the Lord out of all the nations;c and that they would become a kingdom, a priesthood,d and a holy people. 19 Then we went on our waya and told Sarah all that we had reported to him.b The two of themc were extremely happy.

16:20 There he built an altar for the Lord who had rescued him and who was making him so happya in the country where he resided as an alien.b He celebrated a joyfulc festival in this month—for sevend days—near the altar that he had built at the well of the oath. 21 He constructed tents for himself and his servants during this festival. He was the first to celebrate the Festival of Tabernaclesa on the earth. 22 During these sevena days heb was makingc—throughout all the days, each and every dayd—an offering to the Lord on the altar: twoe bulls, two rams,f seveng sheep, oneh goat for sinsi in order to atone through it for himself and his descendants. 23 And as a peace offering: seven rams, seven kids, seven sheep, seven he-goats as well as their (cereal) offerings and their libations overa all their fat—(all of these) he would burnb on the altar as a choice offeringc ford a pleasing fragrance. 24 In the morning and eveninga he would burn fragrant substances: frankincense, galbanum, stacte, nard, myrrh, spikenard, and costum. All sevenb of these he would offerc beaten, equally mixed, pure.d 25 He celebrated this festivala for seven days, being happy with his whole heart and all his being—he and all those who belonged tob his household. There was no foreigner with him, nor anyone who was uncircumcised.c 26 He blessed hisa Creator who had created him inb his generation becausec he had created him for his pleasure,d for he knew and ascertained that from hime there would come a righteous plant for the history of eternity and (that) from him there would be holy descendants so that they should be like the one who had made everything. 27 He gave a blessinga and was very happy. He namedb this festival the Festival of the Lordc—a joyd acceptable to the Most Highe God. 28 We blessed hima eternally and allb his descendantsc who would follow himd throughout all the historye of the earthf because he had celebrated this festival at its time in accord with the testimonyg of the heavenly tablets. 29 For this reason it has been ordaineda on the heavenly tablets regarding Israel that they should celebrateb the Festival of Tabernacles joyfullyc for seven days during the seventh month which is acceptabled in the Lord’s presence—a law that is eternal throughout their history in each and every year.e 30 Thisa has no temporal limit becauseb it is ordained forever regarding Israel that they should celebrate it, live in tents, place wreaths on their heads, and take leafy branchesc and willow branchesd from the stream. 31 Abraham took palm branchesa and the fruit of good trees, and each and every dayb he would go around the altarc with the branchesd—seven times per day.e In the morning he would give praise and joyfully offer humble thanks to his Godf for everything.g

17:1 In the firsta year of the fifthb week, in this jubilee [1989], Isaac was weaned. Abraham gave a large banquet inc the third month, on the day when his son Isaac was weaned. 2 Now Ishmael, the son of Hagar the Egyptian, was ina his place in front of his father Abraham. Abraham was very happy and blessed the Lordb because he saw hisc own sonsd and had not diede childless.f 3 He remembered the message that he had told hima on the day when Lot had separated from him. He was very happy because the Lord had given him descendants on the earth to possess the land.b With his fullc voice he blessed the Creator of everything.

17:4 When Sarah saw Ishmael playing and dancinga and Abraham being extremely happy,b she became jealousc ofd Ishmael. She said to Abraham: “Banish this maidservant and her son because this maidservant’se son will not be an heir with my son Isaac.” 5 For Abraham the commanda regarding hisb servant girl and his son—thatc he should banish them from himself—wasd distressing, 6 but the Lord said to Abraham: “It ought not to bea distressfulb for you regarding the child and the maidservant.c Listen to everything that Sarah says to you and do (it) because through Isaac you will have a reputation and descendants. 7 Now with regard to this maidservant’sa son—I will makeb him into a large nation because he is one ofc your descendants.”

17:8 So Abraham rose earlya in the morning, tookb food and a bottle of water, placed themc on the shoulders of Hagar and the child,d and sent her away. 9 She went anda wandered about in the wilderness of Beersheba. When the water in the bottleb was gone, the child grew thirsty. He was unable to go on and fell.c 10 His mother took him and, going on, she threw him undera a fir tree.b Then she went and sat opposite himc at a distance of a bowshot, for she said: “May I not seed the death of my child.”e When she sat down she cried.

17:11 An angel ofa Godb—one of the holy ones—said to her: “What are you crying about, Hagar? Get up, take the child,c and hold him in your arms, because the Lord has heard you and has seen the child.”d 12 She openeda her eyes and saw a well of water. So she went, filled her bottleb with water, and gave her child a drink. Then she set out and went toward the wilderness of Paran. 13 When the child grew up, he became an archer and the Lord was with him. His mother took a wifea for him from the Egyptian girls.b 14 She gave birth to a sona for him, and he namedb him Nebaioth, for she said: “The Lord was close to me when I called to him.”

17:15 During the seventh week, in the first yeara during the first monthb—on the twelfth of this month—in this jubilee [2003], there were wordsc in heaven regarding Abraham, that he was faithful in everythingd that he had told him, (that) the Lord loved him, ande (that) in every difficultyf he was faithful. 16 Then Prince Mastemaa came and said before God: “Abraham does indeed love his sonb Isaac and finds himc more pleasing than anyone else. Tell him to offer himd as a sacrifice on an altar.e Then you will see whether he performs this order andf will know whether he is faithful in everything through which you test him.” 17 Now the Lord was awarea that Abraham was faithful in everyb difficultyc which he had told him.d For he had tested him through his lande and the famine; he had testedf him through the wealth of kings; he had tested him againg through his wife whenh she was taken forcibly, and through circumcision; and he had tested him through Ishmael and his servant girl Hagar when he sent them away.i 18 In everything through which he tested him he was found faithful. He himself did not grow impatient, nor was he slow to act;a for he was faithful and one who loved the Lord.

18:1 The Lord said to him: “Abraham, Abraham!”a He replied:b “Yes?”c 2 He said to him:a “Take your son,b yourc dear one whom you loved—Isaac—and go to a high land.e Offer him on one of the mountains that I will make known to you.” 3 So he got up early in the morning,a loaded his donkey, and took with him hisb two servants as well as his son Isaac. He chopped the wood for the sacrifice and came to the place on the third day. He saw the place from a distance. 4 When he reached a well of water,a he ordered his servants: “Stay here with the donkey while I andb the child go on.c After we have worshiped we will return to you.” 5 He took the wood for the sacrifice and placed it on his son Isaac’sa shoulders. He took fireb and a knife in his hands. The two of them went togetherc to that place.

18:6 Isaac said to his father: “Father.” He replied:a “Yes, my son?” He said to himb “Here are the fire, the knife, and the wood, but where is the sheep forc the sacrifice, father?”d 7 He said:a “The Lord will provide for himself a sheep for the sacrifice, my son.” When he neared the place ofb the mountain of the Lord, 8 he built an altara and placed the wood on the altar.b Then he tied up his son Isaac, placed him on the wood that was onc the altar,d and reached out his handse to take the knife in order to sacrificef his song Isaac.

18:9 Then I stood in front of him and in front of the prince ofa Mastema. The Lord said:b “Tell him notc to let his hand go down on the childd and not to doe anything to himf because I have showng that he is one who fears the Lord.” 10 So I calleda to him fromb heaven and saidc to him: “Abraham, Abraham!” He was startled and said: “Yes?” 11 Ia said to him: “Do not layb your hands on the child and do not do anything to him because I have nowc shownd that you are one who fears the Lord. You have not refused me your son, your first-born.” 12 The prince ofa Mastema was put to shame. Then Abraham looked up and saw a ram caught by its horns.b Abraham went and took the ram. He offered it as a sacrifice instead of his son. 13 Abrahama named that place “The Lord Saw”b so that it is named “The Lord Saw.”c It is Mt. Zion. 14 The Lorda again called to Abraham by his name from heaven,b just as we had appearedc in order to speak to himd in the Lord’s name. 15 Hea said: “I have sworn byb myself, says the Lord: because you have performed this command and have not refused mec your first-born sond whom you love,e I will indeed bless you and will indeed multiply your descendants like the stars in the sky and like the sands on the seashore. Your descendants will possessf the cities of theirg enemies. 16 Alla the nations of the earth will be blessedb through your descendantsc because of the fact that you have obeyed my command.d Ie have made known to everyone that you are faithful to me in everything that I have told you. Go in peace.”

18:17 Then Abraham went to his servants. They set out and went togethera to Beersheba. Abraham livedb at the well of the oath. 18 He used to celebratea this festivalb joyfully for seven days during all the years. He named it the Festival of the Lord in accord with the seven daysc during which he went and returned safely.d 19 This is the waya it is ordained and written on the heavenly tablets regarding Israel and his descendants: (they are) to celebrate this festival for seven days with festal happiness.b

19:1 During the firsta year ofb the firstc week in the forty-second jubilee [2010] Abrahamd returned and lived opposite Hebrone—that is, Kiriath Arba—for two weeks of years. 2 In the firsta year ofb the third week of this jubilee [2024] the days of Sarah’s life were completed and she died in Hebron. 3 Whena Abraham went to mourn for her and to bury her,b we were testing whether he himself was patient and not annoyed in the words that he spoke. But in this respect, too, he was found to be patient and not disturbed, 4 because he spoke with the Hittites in a patient spirit so that they would give him a place in which to bury his dead. 5 The Lord gave him a favorable reception before all who would see him. He mildly pleaded witha the Hittites, and they gave him the land of the double caveb that was opposite Mamre—that is, Hebron—for a price of 400c silver pieces. 6 Theya pleaded with him: “Allow us to give (it) to youb for nothing!” Yet he did notc take (it) from them for nothing but he gave as the price of the place the full amount of money. He bowed twice to themd and afterwards buried his deade in the double cave. 7 All the time of Sarah’s life was 127a—that is, two jubilees, four weeks, and one year.b This was the time in yearsc of Sarah’s life.d

19:8 This was the tentha test by whichb Abraham was tried, and he was foundc to be faithful andd patient in spirit. 9 Hea said nothingb about the promise ofc the land that the Lord said he would give to him and his descendants after him. He pleaded for a placed theree to bury his deadf because he was found to be faithful and was recordedg on the heavenly tablets as a friend of the Lord.

19:10 In its fourth year [2027] hea took a wife for his son Isaac. Her name was Rebekah, the daughter of Bethuelb (the son of Abraham’s brother Nahor), the sister of Laban, the daughter of Bethuel; and Bethuel was the son of Milcah who was the wife of Abraham’s brother Nahor. 11 Abraham married a thirda wife whose name was Keturah—one of the childrenb of his household servantsc—whend Hagar died prior to Sarah. 12 She gave birth to six sons for him—Zimran, Jokshan, Medai, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah—during two weeks of years.

19:13 In the sixtha week, during itsb second year [2046], Rebekah gave birth to two sonsc for Isaac: Jacob and Esau. Jacob was perfectd and upright,e while Esau was a harsh, rustic, and hairy man. Jacob would live in tents.f 14 When the boysa grew up, Jacob learned (the art of) writing, but Esau did not learn (it)b becausec he was a rustic man and a hunter. He learned (the art of) warfare, and everything that he did was harsh.d 15 Abraham loved Jacob but Isaac loveda Esau. 16 As Abraham observed Esau’s behavior, he realized that througha Jacob he would haveb a reputation and descendants.c

He summoned Rebekah and gave her orders about Jacob because he sawd that she loved Jacob muche more than Esau. 17 He said to her: “My daughter, take care ofa my son Jacob because he will occupy my place on the earth and (will prove)b a blessing among humanity and the glory of all the descendants of Shem.c 18 For I knowa that the Lord will chooseb him as his own people (who will be) more enduringc than alld who are on the surface of the earth.e 19 My sona Isaac now loves Esau more than Jacob, but I seeb that you rightlyc love Jacob. 20 Increase your favor to him still more:a may your eyes look at him lovingly because he will be a blessing for usb on the earthc from now and throughout alld the historye of the earth.f 21 Maya your hands be strong and your mind be happyb with your son Jacob because I lovec him muchd more than all mye sons; forf he will be blessedg forever and his descendants will fillh the entire earth. 22 Ifa a person is able to count the sands on the earth,b in the same wayc his descendants, too, will be counted.d 23 Maya all the blessings with which the Lord blessed me and my descendants belong to Jacob and his descendants for all time. 24 Through his descendants maya my name andb the name of my ancestorsc Shem, Noah,d Enoch,e Malaleel,f Enosh, Seth, andg Adam be blessed. 25 Maya they serve (the purpose of) laying heaven’s foundations, making the earth firm, and renewingb all the luminaries which are abovec the firmament.”

19:26 Then hea summoned Jacob into the presence of his motherb Rebekah, kissed him, blessed him, and said:c 27 “My dear son Jacob whom I myself love, may Goda bless you from above the firmament. May he give youb all the blessings with which he blessed Adam, Enoch, Noah, and Shem. Everything that he said to me and everything that he promised to give me may he attachc to you and your descendants until eternity—like the days of heaven above the earth. 28 May the spirits of Mastema not rule over you and your descendantsa to remove you from following the Lord whob is your Godc from now and forever. 29 May the Lord Goda be your Fatherb and you his first-born son and people for all time. Goc in peace, my son.”

19:30 The two of thema departed together from Abraham.b 31 Rebekah loved Jacob with hera entire heart and herb entire being veryc much more than Esau; but Isaac loved Esau much more than Jacob.

20:1 During the forty-second jubilee, in the first year of the seventh week [2052], Abraham summoned Ishmael and his twelve children, Isaac and his two children, and the six children of Keturah and their sons.

20:2 He ordered them to keep the way ofa the Lord so thatb they would do what is right and that they should love one another;c that they should be like this in every war so that they could go against each one who rises against them;d ande do what is just and right on the earth;f 3 that they should circumcise their sons in the covenant that he had made with them;a that they should not deviate to the rightb or leftc from all the waysd that the Lord commanded us;e that wef should keep ourselves from allg sexual impurity andh uncleanness; and that we should dismissi allj uncleanness and sexual impurity fromk among us. 4 If anya woman or girlb among you commits a sexual offence, burn herc in fire; they are not to commit sexual offences (by) following their eyesd and their heartse so thatf they takeg wives for themselves from the Canaanite women, becauseh the descendants of Canaan will be uprooted from the earth. 5 He told thema about the punishment of the giants and the punishment of Sodom—how they were condemned because of their wickedness; becauseb of the sexual impurity, uncleanness, and corruption among themselves theyc diedd in (their) sexual impurity.e

20:6 “Nowa you keep yourselvesb from allc sexual impurity and uncleannessd and from alle the contamination of sinf so that you do not make our nameg into a curse, your entire lives into a (reason for) hissingh and all your children into something that is destroyed by the sword.i Then you will be accursed like Sodom, and all who remain of you like the people ofj Gomorrah. 7 Ia testify to you my sons: love the God of heaven and hold fast to all hisb commandments. Do not follow theirc idolsd and their uncleanness. 8 Do not make for yourselves gods that are molten images ora statuesb becausec they are something empty and have no spirit in them. For they are made by hands, andd all who truste in themf all trust in nothing at all.g Do not worship them or bow to them.h 9 Rather,a worship the Most High God and bow to him continually. Look expectantly for his presence at all times,b and doc what is right and just before him so that hed may be delighted with you, give you hise favor, and make the rain to fall for you morning and evening; bless everything that youf do—all that you have doneg on the earth; bless your food and water; and bless the products of your loins, the products of your land, the herds of your cattle, and the flocks of your sheep. 10 Youa will be a blessing on the earth, and all the nations of the earth will be delighted with you. They will blessb your sons in my namec so that theyd may be blessed as Ie am.”

20:11 When he had given gifts to Ishmael,a his sons, andb Keturah’s sons and sent them away from his son Isaac, he gave everything to his son Isaac.c 12 Ishmael, his sons,a Keturah’s sons, and their sons went togetherb and settled from Paran as far as the entrance of Babylon—in all the land towardc the east opposite the desert.d 13 They mixed with one another and were calleda Arabs and Ishmaelites.b

21:1 In the sixth year of the seventh week of this jubilee [2057] Abraham summoned his son Isaac and gave him ordersa as follows:

“I have grown old but do not knowb when I will die andc am satisfied with my days. 2 Now I am 172a years of age. Throughout my entireb lifetime I have continually remembered our Godc and tried to do his willd wholeheartedlye and to walk a straight course in all his ways. 3 I have personally hated idols and despised those who serve them. I have devoted my heart and spirita to keep myself for doing the will of the one who created me. 4 For he is the living God. He is more holy, faithful, and just than anyone. With him there is noa favoritism nor does he accept bribes because he is a just Godb and one who exercisesc judgment against all who transgress hisd commands and despise his covenant.e

21:5 Now you, my son,a keep his commandments, ordinances, and verdicts.b Do not pursue idols,c statues,d or molten images. 6 Do not eata anyb blood of an animal, cattle,c or of any bird that flies in the sky.d 7 If you slaughter a whole burnt offering ora a peace offeringb that is acceptable,c slaughter it and dashd theire blood on the altar. All the meatf of the sacrifice you will offerg on the altar withh the flour of its grain offering,i mixedj with oil, with its libation—you will offer it allk on the altar as a fire offering, an aroma that is pleasing before God. 8 Asa you offerb the fatc of the peace offering on the fired that is on the altar, you are to removee the fat that is on the intestines and all the fat that is on the internal organs and the kidneys and allf the fat that is on them and that is on the upper thighs and the lobe of the liverg with the kidneys. 9 All of thisa you will offerb as a pleasant fragrance that is acceptable before God, with itsc sacrifice and its libation as a pleasant fragrance—the food of the offering to the Lord. 10 Eat itsa meat during that day and on the next day; but the sun is not to setb on it on the next day before it is eaten.c It is not to be left over for the third dayd because it is not acceptable to him. For it was note pleasing and is not therefore commanded. All who eat it will bring guilt on themselves because this is the way I found (it) written in the bookf of my ancestors, in the words of Enoch and the words of Noah. 11 On alla your offeringsb you are to place salt; letc the covenant of salt not come to an end on anyd of your sacrificese before the Lord.

21:12 Be careful about the (kinds of) woodsa (that are used for) sacrificeb so that you bring noc (kinds of) woods onto the altard except thesee only:f cypress, silver-fir, almond, fir, pine, cedar, juniper, date,g olive wood, myrtle, laurel wood, juniper cedar,h and balsam. 13 Of these (kinds of) woods place beneath the sacrifice on the altar ones that have been tested for their appearance. Do not place (beneath it) anya splitb or dark wood; (place there) strong (kinds of) woods and firmc ones without any defect—a perfect and new growth. Do not place (there) oldd wood, for its aroma has lefte—becausef there is no longer an aroma upon it as at first. 14 Apart from these (kinds of) woods there is no other that you are to place (beneath the sacrifice) because their aroma is distinctive and the smell ofa their aroma goes upb to heaven. 15 Keepa thisb commandment and do it,c my son, so that you may behave properly in all your actions.

21:16 At all timesa be clean in your body. Washb with water before you go to make an offering on the altar.c Wash your hands and feet before you approach the sacrifice.d Whene you have finished making an offering,f wash your hands and feet again. 17 No blooda is to be visible on you orb on your clothing. My son, be careful with blood; be very careful to cover it with dirt.c 18 Soa you are not to consume bloodb because the bloodc is the vital force. Do not consume anyd blood. 19 Do not take a bribea for any human blood that will be shedb casually—without punishment—because it is the blood thatc is shed that makes the earthd sin. The earthe will not be able to become pure from human bloodf except throughg the blood of the one whoh shed it.i 20 Do not take a bribe or gift for human blood;a bloodb forc blood—thend it will be acceptablee before the Lord, the Most High God.f He will beg the protectionh of the good; and (he will be this) so that you may be kept from every evil one and that he may save youi from everyj (kind of) pestilence.k

21:21 I see, my son, that

all the actions of humanity (consist of) sin and wickedness

and all their deeds of impurity, worthlessness, and contamination.

With them there is nothing that is right.

22 Be carefula not to walk in their ways

or treadb in their pathsc

and commit a mortal sind before the Most High God.

Then he will hidee his face from you

and will give you overf to the power of your offenses.

He will cut you offg from the earth

and your descendants from beneath heaven.h

Your name and memoryi will be destroyed from the entire earth.

23 Depart from alla their actions and from all their abominations.

Keep the obligations of the Most High God and do his will.

Thenb you will be successfulc in every respect.

24 Hea will bless youb in all your actions.

He will raisec from you a plant of truthd in the earthe throughout all the generations of the earth.f

Then he will not make my name and your name ceaseg from beneath heaven throughout all time.

21:25 Make your way straight,a my son, in peace. Mayb the Most High Godcmy Godd and your God—strengthen you to do his will and to blesse all your descendantsf andg the remnant of your descendantsh throughouti the generationsj of eternity with all proper blessings for a blessingk throughout the entire earth.” 26 Then he went out from him feeling happy.a

22:1 In the first weeka in the forty-thirdb jubilee, during the second yearc [2109]—it was the yeard in which Abraham died—Isaac and Ishmael came from the well of the oath to their father Abraham to celebrate the Festival of Weekse (this is the Festival of the Firstfruits of the harvest). Abrahamf was happy thatg his two sons had come. 2 For Isaac’s possessions in Beersheba were numerous. Isaac used to goa and inspect his possessionsb and then return to his father. 3 At that time Ishmael came to see his father, and both of thema cameb together. Isaac slaughtered a sacrifice for the offering; he offered (it) onc his father’s altar that he had made in Hebron. 4 He sacrificeda a peace offering and preparedb a joyful feastc in front of his brother Ishmael. Rebekah made freshd bread out of newe wheat. She gave itf to her son Jacob to bringg to his father Abraham some of the firstfruits of the land so that he would eat (it) and bless the Creatorh of everythingi before he died. 5 Isaac, too, sent through Jacob his excellent peace offering and winea to his father Abraham for him to eat and drink.b 6 Hea ate and drank. Then he blessed the Most High God who created the heavens and the earth, who madeb all the fat thingsc of the earth, and gave them to humanity to eat, drink, and blessd their Creator.

22:7 “Now I pay homagea to you,b my God, because you have shown mec this day. I am nowd 175 years of age, old and satisfied with (my) days. All of my days have proved to be peace for me. 8 The enemy’s sworda has not subdued me in anything at allb that you have given mec and my sonsd during all my lifetime until today. 9 Maya your kindness and peaceb rest on your servantc and on the descendants of his sonsd so that they,e out of all the nationsf of the earth, may be your acceptableg people and heritage from now until all the time of the earth’s historyh throughout all ages.”

22:10 Hea summoned Jacobb and said to him:c “My son Jacob, may the God of all bless and strengthen you to do before him what is right and what he wills. May he choose you andd your descendants to be his people for his heritage in accord withe his will throughout all time. Now you, my son Jacob, come closef and kiss me.” 11 So hea came closeb and kissed him.c Then he said: “May my son Jacob and all his sons be blessed to the Most High God throughout all ages.d May the Lord give you righteous descendants, ande may he sanctifyf some of your sons in the entire earth. May the nations serve you, and may all the nations bow before your descendants.g 12 Be strong before people anda exercise power among all of Seth’s descendants.b Then your ways and the ways of your sons will be justifiedc so that they may be a holy people. 13 May the Most High God give you all the blessings with which he blessed me and with which he blessed Noah and Adam. May theya come to rest on the sacredb headc of your descendants throughout each and every generationd ande forever.f 14 May he purifya you from all filthy pollutionb so that you may be pardonedc for every sin you have committed in ignorance.d May he strengthen and bless you; may you possess the entire earth. 15 May he renew his covenant with youa so that you may be for himb the peoplec of hisd heritage throughout all ages. May he truly and rightly be Gode for youf and your descendants throughout all the time of the earth.

22:16 “Now you, my son Jacob,

remember what I saya

and keep the commandments ofb your father Abraham.

Separate from the nations,

and do not eat with them.

Do not act as they do,c

and do not become their companion,

for their actions are something that is impure,d

and all their ways are defilede and something abominable and detestable.

17 Theya offer their sacrificesb to the dead,c

andd they worship demons.

They eat in tombs,

and everything they do is empty and worthless.e

18 They have no mind to think,

and their eyes do not see what they do

and how they err in saying to (a piece of) wood:

‘You are my god’;a

or to a stone:

‘You are my lord;b

you are myc deliverer.’

They haved no mind.

19 “As for you, my son Jacob,

may the Most High God help youa

and the God of heavenb bless you.

May he remove youc from their impurityd

and from all their error.

22:20 Be careful, my sona Jacob, not to marry a woman from all the descendants ofb Canaan’s daughters,c because all of hisd descendants are (meant) for being uprootede from the earth. 21 For througha Ham’s sin Canaan erred. All of his descendants and all of his (people) who remain will be destroyed from the earth; on the day of judgment there will be no one (descended) from himb who will be saved. 22 There is no hope in the land of the living for all who worship idolsa and for those who are odious.b For they will descend to Sheol andc will go to the place of judgment. There will be no memory of any of themd on the earth. As the people of Sodom were taken from the earth, so alle who worship idols will be destroyed.f

22:23 “Do not be afraid, my son Jacob,

and do not be upset, son of Abraham.

May the Most High God keep youa from corruption;

and from every erroneous wayb may he rescue you.c

22:24 This house I have builta for myselfb to put my name on it upon the earth.c It has been given to you and to your descendants forever.d It will be called Abraham’s house. It has been given to you and your descendants forever because you will build my house and will establishe my namef before Godg until eternity. Your descendants andh your name will remain throughout alli the history of the earth.”

22:25 Then he finisheda commanding and blessing him. 26 The two of thema lay down togetherb on one bed. Jacob slept in the bosom of his grandfather Abraham. He kissed himc seven times,d and his feelingse and mind were happy about him. 27 He blessed hima wholeheartedly and said:b “The Most High Godc is the God of all and Creator of everythingd who brought mee from Urf of the Chaldeans to give meg this landh in order that I should possess iti forever and raise upj holy descendants so that they may be blessedk forever.” 28 Then he blesseda Jacob:b “My son,c with whomd Ie am exceedingly happyf with all my mindg and feelingsh—may your grace and mercy continuei on him and his descendants for all time. 29 Do not leave or neglect him from now until the time ofa eternity. May your eyesb be open on him and his descendantsc so that they may watch over themd and so that you may bless and sanctify them as the people of your heritage.e 30 Bless hima with allb yourc blessings from now until all the time of eternity. Withd your entire will renew your covenante and your grace with him andf with his descendants throughout all the generations of the earth.”

23:1 He put two of Jacob’s fingers on his eyesa and blessed the God of gods. He covered his face,b stretched out his feet, fell asleep forever, and was gatheredc to his ancestors.d 2 During all of this Jacoba was lying in his bosom and was unaware that his grandfather Abraham had died.b 3 When Jacob awakened from his sleep, there was Abraham cold as ice. He said: “Father, father!”a But he said nothing to him.b Then he knew that hec was dead. 4 He got up from his bosom and ran and told his mother Rebekah. Rebekah went to Isaac at night and told him. They wenta together—and Jacobb with them (carrying) a lamp in his hands.c When they came they found Abraham’s corpse lying (there). 5 Isaac fell on his father’s face,a cried,b and kissed him. 6 After the reporta was heard in the household of Abraham, his son Ishmael set out and cameb to his fatherc Abraham. He mournedd fore his fatherf Abraham—he and all the men of Abraham’s household.g They mournedh very much. 7 They—both ofa his sonsb Isaac and Ishmael—buried him in the cave of Machpelah near his wife Sarah. All the people of his household as well as Isaac, Ishmael, and allc their sons and Keturah’s sonsd in their places mourned for him for 40 days. Then the tearful mourning for Abraham was completed.

23:8 He had lived for threea jubilees and fourb weeks of years—175 years—whenc he completedd his lifetime. He had grown old and was satisfied with (his) days.e 9 For the times of the ancients were 19a jubilees for their lifetimes.b Afterc the flood they startedd to decrease from 19 jubilees,e to be fewer with respect to jubilees,f to age quickly,g and to have their times be completedh because of the numerous difficultiesi and through the wickedness of their ways—with the exception of Abraham. 10 For Abraham was perfect with the Lord in everything that he dida—being properlyb pleasingc throughout all his lifetime. And yet (even) he had not completed fourd jubilees during his lifetime by the timee he became old—because of wickednessf—and reached the end of his time. 11 Alla the generations thatb will come into beingc from now untild the great daye of judgment will grow old quickly—before they complete twof jubilees. It will be their knowledgeg that will leave them because of their old age;h all of their knowledge will departi. 12 In those days, if a man lives a jubilee and one-half of years,aa it will be said about him: “He has lived for a long time.” But the greater part of his timeb will be (characterized by) difficulties, toil, and distress withoutc peace 13 because (there will be) blow upon blow,a trouble upon trouble,b distress upon distress,c bad news upon bad news, disease upon disease, and every (kind of) bad punishment like this,d one with the other:e diseasef and stomach pains;g snow, hail, and frost; fever,g cold,i and numbness;j famine, death, sword, captivity, and every (sort of) blow and difficulty.k 14 All of thisa will happen to the evilb generation that makes the earth commit sinc through sexual impurity,d contamination, and their detestable actions.e 15 Thena it will be said: “The days of the ancientsb were numerous—as many as 1000 years—and good.c But nowd the days of our lives, if a man has lived for a long time, are 70 years, and, if he is strong, 80 years.”e Allf are evil and there is no peace during the days of that evil generation.

23:16 During that generation the children will find faulta with their fathers and elders because of sin and injustice, because of what they say and the great evils that they commit, and because of their abandoning the covenant that the Lord had made between them and himselfb so that they should observe and perform all his commands, ordinances, and all his laws without deviatingc to the left or right.d 17 Fora all have acted wickedly; every mouth speaks what is sinful.b Everything that they do is impurec and something detestable;d all their ways are (characterized by) contamination, impurity, and destruction. 18 Thea earth will indeed be destroyed because of all that they do. There will be no produce, wine,b or oilc because what they do (constitutes) complete apostasy.d All will be destroyede togetherf—animals, cattle, birds, and all fish of the sea—because ofg mankind. 19 One group will struggle with another—the younga with the old, the old with the young; the poor with the rich,b the lowly with the great; andc the needy with the ruler—regarding the law andd the covenant. For they have forgotten commandment, covenant, festival, month, Sabbath, jubilee, and every verdict.e 20 They will stand up with swordsa and warfare in order to bring them back to the way;b but they will not be brought back until much blood is shed on the earthc by each group.

23:21 Those who escape will not turna from their wickedness to the right way because all of them will elevate themselves for (the purpose of) cheating andb through wealth so that one takes everything that belongs to another. They will mentionc the great name but neither truly nor rightly. Theyd will defile the holy things of the holy onee with the impure corruptionf of their contamination.g 22 There will be great angera from the Lord for the actions of that generation. He will deliver themb to the sword, judgment, captivity, plundering, and devouring.c 23 He will arousea against them the sinful nationsb who will have no mercy or kindness for themc and who will show partiality to no one,d whether old or young, or anyone at all, because they are evil and strong so that they are more evile than all mankind. They will causef chaosg in Israel and sin against Jacob. Much blood will be shed on the earth, and there will be no one who gathers up (corpses) or who buries (them).

23:24 At that time they will cry out and call and pray to be rescued from the power of the sinful nations, but there will be no one who rescues (them). 25 The children’sa heads will turn white with gray hair. A child who is threeb weeks of age will look old like one whose years are 100, and their condition will be destroyed through distress and pain.

23:26 In those days the children will begin to studya the laws,b to seek out the commands, and to return to the right way. 27 The days will begin to become numerous and increase, and humanitya as well—generationb by generation and day by dayc until their lifetimes approach 1000 yearsd and to more years than the number of days (had been).e 28 There will be no old man, nor anyone who has lived out (his) lifetime,a because all of them will be infants and children. 29 They will completea and live their entire lifetimes peacefully and joyfully. There will be neither a satan nor any evil oneb who will destroy.c For their entire lifetimes will be times of blessing and healing.

23:30 Then the Lord will heal his servants. They will risea and seeb great peace. He will expelc hisd enemies. The righteous will see (this), offer praise, and be very happy forever and ever. They will see all their punishments and curses on their enemies.e 31 Their bones will rest in the earth and their spirits will be very happy. They will knowa that there is a God who executes judgment but showsb kindness to hundreds and tens of thousandsc and to all who love him.

23:32 Now you,a Moses, writeb down these wordsc because this is how it is writtend ande enteredf in the testimony of the heavenly tablets for the history of eternity.

24:1 After Abraham’s death, the Lord blessed his son Isaac. He set out from Hebron and went and lived during the first year of the third weeka of this jubilee [2073] at the well of the visionb for seven years. 2 During the first year of the fourth week [2080] a famine—different than the first faminea that had occurred in Abraham’s lifetime—began in the land.

24:3 When Jacob was cooking lentil porridge, Esau came hungryaa from the field. He said to his brother Jacob: “Give meb some of this redc porridge.” But Jacob said to him: “Hand over to me your birthright that belongs to the first-born, and then I will give you food and some of this porridge as well.” 4 Esau said to himself: “I will die.a What goodb will this right of the first-born do?” So hec said to Jacob: “I (hereby) give (it) to you.” 5 Jacob said to him:a “Swear to me today.” So he swore to him. 6 Then Jacob gave the food and porridge to his brother Esau,a and he ate until he was full. Esau repudiated the right of the first-born. This is why he was named Esau and Edom:b because of the red porridge thatc Jacobd gave him in exchange for his right of the first-born. 7 So Jacob became the older one, but Esau was lowered from his prominent position.

24:8 As there was a famine over the land, Isaaca set outb to go down to Egypt during the second year of thisc week [2081]. He went to Gerar to the Philistine king Abimelech. 9 The Lord appeared to him and told him: “Do not go down to Egypt.a Stay in the land that I will tell you.b Live as a foreigner in thisc land. I will be with you and bless you, 10 because I will give this entire land to you and youra descendants. I will carry out the terms of my oath that I swore to your father Abraham. I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars of the sky. I will give this entire land to your descendants. 11 All the peoples of the earth will be blessed through your descendants because of the fact that your father obeyed me and kept my obligations,a commands,b laws,c statutes, and covenant. Now obey med and live in thise land.”

24:12 He lived in Gerar for threea weeks of years. 13 Abimelech gave ordersa as follows regarding him and everything that belonged to him: “Anyoneb who touches himc ord anything that belongs to him is to die.” 14 Isaac prospered among the Philistines and possessed much property:a cattle, sheep, camels, donkeys, and much property.b 15 He planteda seeds in the land of the Philistines,b and he harvested one hundredfold.c When Isaac had become very great, the Philistines grew jealous of him. 16 (As for) all the wellsa that Abraham’ s servants had dug during Abraham’s lifetime—the Philistines coveredb them up after Abraham’s death and filled them with dirt. 17 Then Abimelech told Isaac: “Leave us because you have become much too great for us.” So Isaac left that placea during the first year of the seventhb week [2102]. He lived as a foreignerc in the valleys of Gerar.

24:18 They again dug the water wellsa which the servants of his father Abraham had dug andb the Philistines had covered up after his father Abraham’sc death. He called them by the names that his father Abrahamd had given them. 19 Isaac’s servants dug wellsa in the wadib and found flowing water.c Then the shepherds of Gerar quarreled with Isaac’s shepherds and said: “Thisd water is ours.” So Isaac named that well Difficulte “because they have been difficult for us.”f 20 Theya dug a second well,b and they fought about itc too. He named it Hostility.d When he had set out,e they dugf another wellg but did not quarrel about it. He named it Wide.h Isaac said: “Now the Lord has enlarged (a place) for us, and we have increasedi in numbers on the land.”

24:21 He went up from there to the well of the oath during the first year of the first week in the forty-fourth jubilee [2108]. 22 The Lord appeared to him that night—on the first of the first month—and said to him: “I am the God of your father Abraham. Do nota be afraid because I am with you and will bless you. I will certainly make your descendants as numerousb as the sand of the earthc for the sake of my servantd Abraham.” 23 Therea he built the altar thatb his father Abrahamc had first built. He called on the Lord’s name and offered a sacrifice to the God of his father Abraham.

24:24 Theya dug a wellb and foundc flowing water. 25 But when Isaac’s servantsa dug another well,b they did not find water. They went and told Isaac that they had not found water. Isaac said: “On this very dayc I have sworn an oath to the Philistines; now this has happenedd to us.” 26 He named that place the wella of the oath because there he had sworn an oath tob Abimelech, his companion Ahuzzath, and his guardc Phicol. 27 On that daya Isaac realized that he had sworn an oath to themb under pressurec to make peace with them.d 28 On that day Isaac cursed the Philistines and said: “May the Philistines be cursed from among all peoples at the daya of anger and wrath.b May the Lord make them into (an object of) disgrace and a curse, into (an object of) anger and wrath in the hands of the sinful nationsc andd in the hands of the Kittim.e 29 Whoevera escapesb from the enemy’s sword and from the Kittim may the just nationc in judgment eradicate from beneath the sky, for they will become enemies and opponents to my sons during their timesd on the earth. 30 Theya will have no one leftb or anyone who is rescuedc on the day of judgmental anger,d fore all the descendants of the Philistines (are meant) for destruction, eradication, and removalf from the earth.g All of Caphtorh will no longeri have either name or descendantsj leftk upon the earth.

24:31 Fora even if he should go up to the sky,

from there he would come down;b

even if he should become powerful on the earth,c

from there he will be torn out.

Even if he should hide himself among the nations,

from theree he will be uprooted;

even if he should go down to Sheol,

theref his punishment will increase.g

There he will have no peace.

32 Even if he should goa into captivity through the power of thoseb who seek his life,c

they will kill himd along the way.e

There will remain for him neither name nor descendantsf on the entire earth,

because he is going to an eternal curse.”

24:33 Thisa is the way it has been written and inscribedb regarding himc on the heavenly tablets—to dod (this) to him on the day of judgment so that he may be eradicatede from the earth.f

25:1 In the second year of thisa week, in thisb jubilee [2109], Rebekah summoned her sonc Jacob and spoke to him: “My son, do not marry any of the Canaanite women like your brother Esau who has married two wives from the descendantsd of Canaan. They have embittered my life with all the impure things that they do because everything that they do (consists of) sexual impuritye and lewdness. They have no decency becausef (what they do) is evil. 2 I, my son, love you very much; my hearta and my affection bless youb at all times of the day andc watches of the nights.d 3 Now, my son, listen to me. Doa as your mother wishes.b Do not marry any of the women of this land but (someone) from my father’sc house and fromd my father’se clan. Marryf someone from my father’s house.g The Most High God will bless you;h your familyi will be a righteous family and yourj descendants (will be) holy.”

25:4 Then Jacob spoke with his mothera Rebekah and said to her: “Mother, I am now nineb weeks of years [= 63 years] and have knownc no woman. I have neither touched (one) nor have I even considered marrying any woman ofd all the descendants ofe Canaan’s daughters.f 5 For I recall, mother, whata our fatherb Abraham ordered me—that I should not marry anyone from all the descendants ofc Canaan’s house.d For I will marrye (someone) from the descendants of my father’s housef and from my family.g 6 Earlier I heard, mother,a that daughters had been born to your brother Laban. I have set my mind on them for the purpose of marrying one of them. 7 For this reason I have kept myself from sinning and from becoming corrupteda in any waysb during my entire lifetime because fatherc Abraham gave me many orders about lewdness and sexual impurity. 8 Despite everything he ordered me, my brother has been quarreling with mea for the last 22 years and has often said to me: ‘My brother, marry one of the sisters of my two wives.’ But I have not been willing to do as he did.b 9 I swear in your presence, mother, that during my entire lifetimea I will notb marry anyc of the descendants ofd Canaan’s daughters nor will I do what is wrong as my brother Esaue has done. 10 Do not be afraid, mother, and be assureda that I will dob as you wish. I will behave rightly and will never conduct myself corruptly.”

25:11 Then she lifted her facea to heaven, extended her fingers,b and opened her mouth. She blessed the Most High Godc who had created the heavens and the earth and gave him thanks and praise. 12 She said: “May the Lord Goda be blessed, and may his nameb be blessed forever and everhe who gave me Jacob, a pure son and a holy offspring, for he belongs to you. May his descendantsc be yours throughout all time, throughoutd the history ofe eternity. 13 Bless him,a Lord, and place a righteous blessing in my mouthb so that I may bless him.”c 14 At that timea the spirit of righteousnessb descendedc into her mouth. She put her two hands on Jacob’s head and said:

25:15 Blessed are you, righteous Lord,a Godb of the ages;c

and may he bless you more than all the human race.d

My son, may he provide the right path for you

and reveale what is right to your descendants.

16 May he multiply your sons during your lifetime;

may they risea in number to the months of the year.b

May their children be more numerousc and greatd than the stars of the sky;

may their number be largere than the sands of the sea.

17 May he give thema this pleasant land

as he saidb he would give itc for all time

to Abraham and his descendantsd after him;

may they own it as an eternal possession.

18 Son, may I see your blessed childrena during my lifetime;

may allb your descendants be blessed andc holy descendants.

19 As you have given resta to your mother’s spirit during her lifetime,

so may the womb of the one who gave birth to you bless you.b

My affection and my breasts bless you;c

my mouth and my tongue praise you greatly.

20 Increase and spread outa inb the land;

may your descendants bec perfect throughout all eternity

in the joy ofd heaven and earth.

May your descendantse be delighted,f

and, on the great day of peace, may they have peace.

21 May your name and your descendantsa continue untilb all ages.

May the Most High God be their God;c

may the righteous Godd live with them;

and maye hisfsanctuary be built among them into allg ages.

22 May the one who blesses you be blessed

and anyonea who curses you falsely be cursed.b

25:23 She then kissed him and said to him: “Maya the eternal Lordb love youc as your mother’s heart and her affection are delighted with you and bless you.” She thend stopped blessing (him).

26:1 During the seventh year of thisa weekb [2114] Isaac summoned his olderc son Esau and said to him: “My son, I have grown old and now have difficulty seeing,d but I do not know when I will die. 2 Now then,a takeb your hunting gearc—your quiver and your bow—and go to the field. Hunt on my behalf and catch (something) for me,d my son. Then prepare (some) food for mee just as I like (it) and bring (it) to mef so thatg I may eat (it) and bless you before I die.”h 3 Rebekah was listeninga as Isaac was talking to Esau. 4 When Esau went out early to the open country toa trap (something), catch (it), and bring (it) to his father, 5 Rebekah summoned her son Jacob and said to him: ‘I have justa heard your father Isaacb saying to your brother Esau: ‘Trap (something) for me, prepare me (some) food, bring (it) to me,c and let me eat (it). Then I will bless you in the Lord’s presence before I die.’d 6 Now, therefore,a listen, my son, to what I am ordering you. Gob to your flock and take for mec two excellent kids. Let me prepare themd as food for your father just as he likes (it). You are to takee (it) to your father, andf he is to eat it so thatg he may bless you in the Lord’s presence before he dies and you may beh blessed.” 7 But Jacob said to his mother Rebekah: “Mother,a I will not be sparing about anythingb that my father eats and that pleasesc him, but I am afraid, mother,d that he will recognize my voice and wish to touch me. 8 You know that I am smooth while my brothera Esau is hairy. I will look to him like a mocker. I would be doing something that he did not order meb (to do), and he would get angryc at me. Then I would bring a curse on myself, not a blessing.” 9 But his mothera Rebekah said to him: “Let your curse be on me, my son; just obey me.”

26:10 So Jacob obeyed his mother Rebekah.a He went and took twob excellent, fatc kids and brought them to his mother.d His mothere prepared themf as he liked (them). 11 Rebekah then took her older son Esau’sa favorite clothes that were present with her in the house.b She dressed her younger son Jacob (in them) and placed the goatskinsc on his forearmsd and on the exposed parts of his neck. 12 She then puta the food and bread that she had preparedb in her son Jacob’s hand. 13 Hea went in to his father and said:b “I am your son. I have done as you told me. Get up, have a seat, and eat some of what I have caught, father, so that you may bless me.” 14 Isaac said to his son: “How have youa managed to find (it) so quickly, my son?” 15 Jacob said:a “It was your Godb who made me findc (it) in front of me.” 16 Then Isaac said to him:a “Come closeb and let me touch you, my son,c (so that I can tell) whether you are my sond Esau or not.”e 17 Jacob came closea to his father Isaac. When he touched him he said:b 18 “The voicea is Jacob’s voice, but the forearmsb are Esau’s forearms.” He did not recognize him becausec there was a turn of affairs from heaven to distract his mind. Isaacd did not recognize (him) because his forearms were hairy like Esau’se forearms so that he should bless him.f 19 He said:a “Are you my son Esau?” He said:b “I am your son.” Then he said:c “Bring (it) to me and let me eat some of what you have caught, my son, so that I may bless you.”d 20 He then brought him (food)a and he ate; he brought him wine and he drank.

26:21 His father Isaac said to him: “Come closea and kiss me, my son.”b He came closec and kissed him. 22 When hea smelled the fragrant aromab of his clothes, he blessed him and said: “Indeed the aroma of my son is like the aroma of a full fieldc that the Lord has blessed.

26:23 May the Lord grant to you and multiply for youa

(your share) of the dew of heaven and the dew ofb the earth;

may he multiply grain and oilc for you.

May the nations serve you,

and the peoples bowd to you.

24 Become lord of your brothers;a

may the sons of your mother bowb to you.

May allc the blessings with which the Lord has blessed me and blessed my father Abraham

belong to you and your descendants forever.

May the one who curses you be cursed,

and the one who blesses you be blessed.”

26:25 After Isaac had finished blessing his son Jacob and Jacob had lefta his father Isaac, he hid and his brotherb Esau arrived from his hunting. 26 He, too, prepared food and brought (it) to his father. He said to his father:a “Let my father riseb and eat some of what I have caught andc so that you may bless me.” 27 His father Isaaca said to him: “Who are you?” He said to him: “I am your first-born, your son Esau. I have done asb you ordered me.” 28 Then Isaac was absolutely dumbfounded and said: “Who was the one who hunted, caught (something) for me, and brought (it)?a I ate some of everything before you came and blessed him. He and all his descendants are to be blessed forever.” 29 When Esau heard what his father Isaac said, he cried out verya loudly and bitterly and said to his father:b “Bless me too, father!” 30 He said to him: “Your brother came deceptively and took your blessings.” He said:a “Now I know the reason why he was named Jacob. This is now the second time that he has cheated me. The first time he took my birthright and now he has taken my blessing.”b 31 He said: “Have you not saved a blessing for me, father?” Isaac said in reply to Esau: “I have just now designated him as your lord. I have given him all his brothers to be his servants. I have strengthened hima with an abundance of grain, wine, and oil.b So, what shall I nowc do for you, my son?” 32 Esau said to his father Isaac: “Do you have justa one blessing, father? Bless meb too, father!” Then Esau cried loudly. 33 Isaac said in reply to him:a “The place where you liveb is indeedc to be (away) from the dew of the earth and from the dew of heaven above. 34 You will livea by your sword and will serveb your brother. May it bec that, if you become greatd and remove his yoke from your neck, then you will commit an offence fully worthy of death and your descendantse will be eradicated from beneath the sky.”

26:35 Esau kept threatening Jacoba because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him. He said to himself: “The time of mourning for my father is now approaching.b Then I will killc my brother Jacob.”

27:1 Rebekah was tolda in a dreamb what her older son Esau had said. So Rebekah sentc and summoned her younger son Jacob and said to him: 2 “Your brother Esau willa now try to get revenge against you by killing you. 3 So then, my son,a listen to me. Set out and run away to my brother Laban—to Haran. Stay with him for a few days until your brother’s anger turns away and he stopsb being angry at you and forgetsc everything that you have done to him.d Then I will send and take you back from there.” 4 Jacoba said:b “I am not afraid. If he wishes to kill me, I will kill him.”c 5 She said to him:a “May I notb lose my two sonsc in one day.” 6 Jacob said to his mother Rebekah: “You are of course aware that my father has grown old, and I noticea that he has difficulty seeing. If I left him, he would consider it a bad thing because I would be leaving himb and going away from you. My father would be angry and curse me. I will not go. If he sends me, only thenc will I go.” 7 Rebekah said to Jacob: “I will go in and tell him.a Then he will sendb you.”

27:8 Rebekah went ina and said to Isaac:b “I despise my lifec because of the two Hittite women whom Esau has married. If Jacob marries one of the women of the landd who are like them,e why should I remain alive any longer, because the Canaanite women are evil.” 9 So Isaac summoned his son Jacob, blesseda and instructed him,b and said to him: 10 “Do not marry anya of the Canaanite women. Set out, gob to Mesopotamia, to the house of Bethuel, your mother’s father. From therec take a wife from the daughters of Laban, your mother’s brother. 11 May the God of Shaddaia bless you;b may he make you increase, become numerous, and be a throng of nations. May he give the blessings of my father Abraham to you and to your descendants after youc so that you may possess the land where you wander as a foreigner—andd all the land that the Lord gave to Abraham. Have a safe trip, my son.”

27:12 So Isaac sent Jacob away. He went to Mesopotamia, to Laban, the son of Bethuel the Aramean—the brother of Rebekah, Jacob’s mother. 13 After Jacob had set out to goa to Mesopotamia, Rebekah grieved for her sonb and kept crying.c 14 Isaac said to Rebekah: “My sister,a do not cry for my son Jacob because he will gob safely and return safely. 15 The Most High God will guarda him from every evil and will be with him becauseb he will not abandonc him throughout his entire lifetime.d 16 For I well knowa that his waysb will be directed favorablyc wherever he goes untild he returns safely to use and we seef that he is safe. 17 Do nota be afraid for him, my sister, because he is just in his way.b He is perfect;c he is a true man.d He will not be abandoned.e Do not cry.” 18 So Isaac was consoling Rebekah regarding her sona Jacob, and he blessed him.b

27:19 Jacoba left the well of the oath to go to Haran during the first year of the second week of the forty-fourthb jubilee [2115]. He arrived at Luz that is on the mountain—that is, Bethel—on the first of the first month ofc this week. He arrived at the placed in the evening, turned off the roade to the westf of the highway during this night, and sleptg there because the sun had set. 20 He took one of the stones of that place and set ita at the place (for) his headb beneath thatc tree. He was traveling alone and fell asleep.d 21 That night he dreameda thatb a ladder was set up on the earth and its top was reaching heaven; that angels of the Lordc were going up and down on it; and that the Lordd was standinge on it. 22 He spoke with Jacob and said: “I am the Goda of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. The landb on which you are sleepingc I will give to you and your descendants after you. 23 Your descendants will be like the sands of the earth.a You will become numerousb toward the west,c the east, the north, and the south. All the familiesd of the nationse will be blessed through you andf your descendants. 24 As for me, I will bea with you. I will guard you wherever you go. I will bring you back safely to thisb land becausec I will not abandon you until I have done everythingd that I have said to you.” 25 Jacob said in (his) sleep:a “This place is indeed the house of the Lord but I did not know (it).” He was afraid and said: “This place, which is nothing but the house of the Lord, is awe-inspiring; and this is the gate of heaven.”

27:26 Jacob, upon arising early in the morning, took the stone that he had placeda at his headb and set itc up as a pillar for a marker.d He poured oil on top of it and named that place Bethel. Bute at first the name of thisf area was Luz. 27 Jacob vowed to the Lord: “Ifa the Lord is with me and guards me on this road on which I am traveling and givesbme food to eat and clothes to wear so that I returnc safely to my father’s house,d then the Lord will bee my God. Also, this stone that I have set up as a pillar for a marker in this place is to becomef the house of the Lord. Allg that you have given meh I will indeedi tithe to you, my God.”

28:1 He set out on foot and wenta to the eastern land, to Laban, Rebekah’sb brother. He remained with him and served him in exchange for his daughter Rachel for one week. 2 During the first year of the third week [2122] he said to him:a “Give me my wife for whom I have served you seven years.” Laban said to Jacob: “I will give you your wife.” 3 Labana prepared a banquet, tookb his older daughter Leah, and gave (her) to Jacob as a wife. He gave herc Zilpah, his servant girl,d as a maid. But Jacob was not aware (of this) becausee Jacob thoughtf she was Rachel. 4 He went in to her, and, to his surprise, she was Leah. Jacob was angry at Laban and said to him:a “Why have you actedb this way? Was it not for Rachel that I served you and not for Leah? Why have you wronged me?c Take your daughter and I will god because you have done a bad thing to me.” 5 For Jacob loved Rachel more than Leah because Leah’sa eyes were weak, though her figure was very lovely;b but Rachel’s eyes were beautiful, her figure was lovely,c andd she was verye pretty. 6 Labana said to Jacob: “It is not customary in our country to give the younger daughter before the older one.” (It is not right to do this because this is the way it is ordained and written on the heavenly tablets: that no one should giveb hisc younger daughter before his older one, butd he should first give the older and after her the younger. Regarding the man who acts in this way they enter a sin in heaven.e There is no one who is just and does this because this action is evil in the Lord’s presence. 7 Now you order the Israelites not to do this.a They are neither to take nor giveb the younger before giving precedencec to the older because it is very wicked). 8 Laban said to Jacob: “Let the seven days of the banquet for this one go by;a then I will give you Rachel so that you serve meb a secondc (term of) seven years by tending my flocks as you did during the first week.” 9 At the time when the sevena days ofb Leah’s banquet had passed by, Laban gave Rachel to Jacob so that he would serve him a secondc (term of) seven years. He gave herd Bilhah, Zilpah’se sister, as a maid. 10 Hea servedb seven years a second time for Rachel because Leah had been given to himc for nothing.

28:11 When the Lord opened Leah’sa womb, she became pregnant and gave birth to a son for Jacob. He named him Reuben onb the fourteenth day of the ninth month during the first year of the third week [2122]. 12 Now Rachel’s womb was closed because the Lord saw that Leah was hateda but Rachel was loved. 13 Jacob again went in to Leah. She became pregnanta and gave birth to a second son for Jacob. He named him Simeon on the twenty-first of the tenth month, duringb the third year of this week [2124]. 14 Jacob again went in to Leah. She became pregnant and gave birth to a third son for him. He named him Levi ona the first of the first month during the sixth year of this week [2127]. 15 Hea went in yet another time to herb and she gave birthc to a fourth son.d He named him Judah on the fifteenth of the third month during the first year of the fourth weeke [2129].

28:16 Throughout all this Rachel was jealous of Leah, since she was not bearing children.a She said to Jacob: “Give me children.” Jacob said to her:b “Have I withheld the product of your womb from you?c Haved I abandoned you?” 17 Whena Rachelb saw that Leahc had given birth to four sons for Jacob—Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah—she said to him:d “Go in to my servant girl Bilhah. Then she will become pregnante and give birthf to a son for me.”g 18 So he went in,a she became pregnant, and gave birth to a sonb for him.c Hednamed him Dan on the ninthe of the sixth month during the sixth year of the third weekf [2127]. 19 Jacob once againa went in to Bilhah. She became pregnant and gave birth to a second sonb for Jacob. Rachel namedc him Naphtali on the fifth of the seventh month during the second year of the fourth weekd [2130]. 20 When Leah saw that she had become barrena and was not bearing children, she grew jealous of Rachelb and also gave her maid Zilpah to Jacob as a wife. She became pregnant and gave birth to a son. Leah named him Gad on the twelfth of the eighth month during the third year of the fourth weekc [2131]. 21 He againa went in to her, and she became pregnant andb gave birth to a secondc son for him. Leahd named him Asher on the second of the eleventh monthe during the fifth year of the fourthf week [2133]. 22 Thena Jacobb went in to Leah.c She became pregnant and gave birth to a son for Jacob.d Hee named him Issachar onf the fourthg (day) of the fifth month during the fourthh year of the fourth week [2132]. She gave him to a nurse. 23 Again Jacob went in to her.a She became pregnant and gave birth to twins: a son and a daughter.b She named the son Zebulun and the daughter Dinah on the seventhc (of the) seventh month, during the sixth year, the fourth week [2134]. 24 Then the Lord was kind to Rachel.a He opened her womb, and she became pregnant and gave birth to a son. She named him Joseph on the first of the fourth month, during the sixth yearb in this fourth week [2134].

28:25 At the time when Joseph was born,a Jacob said to Laban: “Give me my wives and my children so that I may gob to my father Isaac and makec a house for myself, because I have completed the yearsd during which I served you in exchange for your two daughters. Then I will go to my father’s house.”e 26 Laban said to Jacob: “Stay with mea in exchange for your wages. Tend my flocks for meb again and takec your wages.” 27 They agreed among themselvesa that he would give him his wages: allb the lambsc and kids that were born a dark gray color and dark mixed withd white were to be his wages.e 28 All the dark-colored sheep kept giving birth to all with variously colored spots of every kind and various shades of dark gray.a The sheep would again give birth to (lambs) that looked like them. All with spots belonged to Jacob and those without spots to Laban. 29 Jacob’sa possessions grew very large; he acquired cattle, sheep, donkeys, camels, and male and female servants. 30 When Laban and his sons became jealous of Jacob, Laban took back his sheep from him and kept his eye on hima for evil purposes.

29:1 Aftera Rachel had given birth to Joseph,b Laban went off to shear his sheepc because they were a three-day journey removed from him. 2 Jacob saw that Laban was going off to shear his sheep and summoned Leah and Rachel. He spoke tenderly with them so that they would come with him to the land of Canaan.a 3 For he told them how he had seen everything in a dream and everything about his statement to hima that he should return to his father’s house.b They said:c “We will go with you wherever you go.”d 4 Jacob blessed the God of his father Isaac and the God of his grandfather Abraham. He set about loading up his wives and his children and took all hisa possessions. After he had crossed the river, he reached the land of Gilead. But Jacob had concealed his plan from Labanb and had not told him.

29:5 During the seventh year of the fourth week [2135] Jacob returned to Gilead on the twenty-firsta day of the first month. Laban pursued himb and found Jacobc on the mountaind of Gilead on the thirteenthe (day) in the thirdf month. 6 But the Lord did not allow him to harm Jacob becausea he had appeared to him at night in a dream,b and Laban told Jacob. 7 On the fifteenth of those daysa Jacob prepared a banquet for Laban and all who had come with him.b That day Jacob swore to Laban and Laban to Jacob that neither would commit an offense against the other on the mountainc of Gilead with bad intentions. 8 There he made a mound as a testimony: for this reasona that place is named the mound of testimony after this mound.b 9 Buta at first the land of Gilead was named the land of Rafaemb because it was the land of the Rafaim. The Rafaim were born there,c giantsd whose heights were ten cubits, nine cubits, eight cubits,e and (down) tof seven cubits. 10 The places where they liveda (extended) from the land ofb the Ammonites as far as Mt. Hermon. Their royal centers were Karnaim, Ashtaroth,c Edrei, Misur, and Beon.d 11 The Lord destroyed them because of the evil thingsa they did,b for they were very wicked. The Amorites—evil and sinful—livedc in their place. Todayd there is no nation thate has matched all their sins. They no longer have length of life on the earth.

29:12 Jacob sent Laban away, and he wenta to Mesopotamia,b to the eastern country.c But Jacob returned to the land of Gilead. 13 He crosseda the Jabbok on the eleventh of the ninth month,b and on the same day his brother Esau came to him. They were reconciled with each other.c Then he wentd from hime to the land of Seir, while Jacob lived in tents. 14 In the first year of the fifth week during this jubilee [2136] he crossed the Jordan. He settled on the other side of the Jordana and was tendingb his sheep from the seac of Fahahatd as far as Bethshan, Dothan, ande the forestf of Akrabbim. 15 He senta his father Isaac some of all his possessions: clothing, food, meat, things to drink, milk,b butter, cheese, and some dates from the valley.c 16 To his mother Rebekah, too, (he sent goods) four times per year—between the seasons of the months, between plowinga andb harvest, between autumn and the rain(y season),c and between winter and springd—to Abraham’s tower. 17 For Isaac had returned from the well of the oath, had gone up to the tower of his father Abraham, and had settled there away from his son Esau,a 18 because, at the time whena Jacob went to Mesopotamia, Esau had married Mahalath, Ishmael’s daughter. He had gatheredb allc his father’s flocks and his wives and had gone up and livedd in Mt. Seir. He had left his father Isaac alonee at the well of the oath. 19 So Isaac had gone up from the well of the oath and settleda at the tower of his father Abraham in the mountain of Hebron. 20 Therea Jacob would send everything that he was sendingb to his father andc mother from time to time—everything they needed.d Then they would bless Jacob with all their mind and with all their being.

30:1 During the first year of the sixth weeka [2143] he went up safely to Salem,b which is on the east side of Shechem, in the fourth month. 2 There Jacob’s daughter Dinah was taken by force to the housea of Shechem, the son of Hamor the Hivite, the rulerb of the land. He lay with her and defiled her.c Now she was a small girl,d twelve years of age. 3 He beggeda her fatherb and her brothersc that she become his wife. Jacob and his sons were angry with the Shechemites because they had defiled their sister Dinah. They spoke deceptively with them, acted in a crafty way toward them, and deceived them.d 4 Simeon and Levi entered Shechem unexpectedlya and effected a punishment on allb the Shechemites. They killed every manc whom they found in it. They left absolutely no one in it. They killed everyone in a painful wayd because they had violated their sister Dinah.

30:5 Nothing like thisa is to be doneb anymore from now onc—to defiled an Israelite woman. For the punishment had been decreede against them in heaven that they were to annihilatef all the Shechemitesg with the sword,h since they had done something shameful in Israel. 6 The Lord handed them over to Jacob’s sons for them to uproota them with the sword and to effect punishmentb against them and so that there should not again be something like this withinc Israel—defiling an Israelite virgin.d 7 If there is a man ina Israel who wishes to give his daughter or his sisterb to any foreigner, he is to die. He is to be stoned because he has done somethingc shameful within Israel. The woman is to be burned because she has defiled the reputation ofd her father’s house; she is to be uprooted from Israel. 8 No prostitutea or impurityb is to be found within Israel throughout all the time of the earth’s history, for Israel is holy to the Lord. Any man who has defiled itc is to die; he is to bed stoned.e 9 For this is the way it has been ordained and writtena on the heavenly tablets regarding any descendant of Israel whob defiles (it):c “He is to die; he is to be stoned.” 10 This law has no temporal end. There is no remissiona or anyb forgiveness; but rather the man who has defiled his daughter within all ofc Israel is to be eradicatedd because he has given one of his descendantse to Molechf and has sinnedg by defilingh it.

30:11 Now you, Moses, order the Israelites and testify to them that they are not to give any of their daughters to foreigners and that they are not to marrya any foreignb women because it is despicable before the Lord. 12 For this reason I have writtena for you in the wordsb of the law everything that the Shechemites didc to Dinah and how Jacob’s sons said: “We will not gived our daughter to a man who has a foreskin because for use that would be a disgraceful thing.” 13 It is a disgraceful thinga for the Israelites who give or take (in marriage) one of the foreign women because it is too impure and despicable forb Israel. 14 Israel will not become clean from this impurity while it has one of the foreign womena or if anyone has given one of his daughters to any foreign man.b 15 For it is blow upon blow and curse upon curse. Every punishment, blow,a and curseb will come.c Ifd one does this or shuts his eyese to those who do impure things and who defilef the Lord’s sanctuary and to those who profane his holy name, then the entire nation will be condemned together because of all this impurity and this contamination.g 16 There will be no favoritism nor partiality;a there will be no receiving from him of fruit,b sacrifices, offerings, fat,c or the aroma of a pleasing fragrance so that he should accept it. (So) is any man or womand in Israel to be who defiles his sanctuary.e 17 For this reason I have ordered you: “Proclaim this testimony to Israel: ‘Seea how it turned out for the Shechemitesb and their children—how they were handed over to Jacob’s twoc sons. They killed them in a painful way.d It was a just act for them and was recorded as a just act for them.’ 18 Levi’s descendants were chosena for the priesthood and as Levites to serve before the Lordb as we (do) for all time. Levi and his sons will be blessed forever because he was eagerc to carry out justice, punishment,d and revenge on all who risee against Israel. 19 So blessing and justice before the God of all are entereda for him as a testimonyb on the heavenly tablets. 20 We ourselves remembera the justice that the man performedb during his lifetimec atd all times of the year.e As far as 1000 generationsf will they enter (it).g It will come to him and his familyh after him. He has been recorded on the heavenly tablets as a friend andi a just man.”j

30:21 I have written this entire message for you and have ordered youa to tell the Israelites not to sin or transgress the statutes or violate the covenant that was established for them so that they should perform itb and be recorded as friends.c 22 But if they transgressa and behave in any impure ways,b they will be recorded on the heavenly tablets as enemies.c They will be erased from the book of the livingd and will be recorded in the book of those who will be destroyede andf with those who will be uprooted from the earth. 23 On the day that Jacob’s sons killed (the people of) Shechem, a written notice was entered in heaven for them (to the effect) that they had carried outa what was right, justice, and revenge against the sinners.b It was recordedc as a blessing.

30:24 They leda their sister Dinah from Shechem’s house and captured everythingb that was in Shechem—their sheep, cattle,c and donkeys; all their property and all their flocksd—and brought everything to their father Jacob. 25 He spoke with them about the fact thata they had killedb (the people of) a city because he was afraidc of the people who were living in the landd—of the Canaanites and the Perizzites. 26 A fear of the Lord was in all the cities which were around Shechem. They did not set out to pursuea Jacob’s sonsb because terror had fallen on them.

31:1 On the first of the month Jacob told all the people of his household: “Purify yourselves and change your clothes; we are to set out and go up to Bethel where I made a vow, on the daya that I ran away from my brother Esau, to the one who has been with me and has brought me back safely to this land. Remove the foreign gods that are among you.”b 2 They handed overa the foreign gods, their earrings and their necklaces, and the idols that Rachel had stolen from her father Laban. She gave everything to Jacob, and he burned them, broke them into pieces, demolished them, and hid them beneath the oak that is in the land ofb Shechem. 3 On the first of the seventh montha he went up to Bethel. He built an altar at the place where he had slept and had set up a pillar.

He sent word to his father Isaac and to his mother Rebekah as well to come to himb to his sacrifice. 4 Isaac said:a “Let my son Jacob come so that I can see him before I die.” 5 Jacob went to his father Isaac and his mother Rebekah in the house ofa his father Abraham. He took two of his sons with him—Levi and Judah. He came to his father Isaac and his mother Rebekah. 6 Rebekah went out of the tower into the tower gatesa to kiss Jacob and hug him because she had revived at the time she heardb (the report): “Your son Jacob has now arrived.”c She kissed him. 7 When she saw his two sons, she recognized them. She said to him:a “Areb these your sons, my son?” She hugged them,c kissed them, and blessed them as follows: “Through you Abraham’s descendants will become famous.d You will become a blessing on the earth.”

31:8 Jacob went in to his father Isaac, to his bedroom where he was lying down. His two children were with him. He took his father’s hand, bent down, and kissed him. Isaac hung on his sona Jacob’s neck and cried on his neck.b 9 Then the shadow passed from Isaac’s eyes and he saw Jacob’s two sons—Levi and Judah—and said: “Are these your sons, my son, because they look likea you?” 10 He told him that they were indeed his sons:a “You have noticed correctly, father,b that they are my sons.” 11 When they came up to him, he turned to them and hugged botha of them together. 12 A spirit of prophecy descendeda into his mouth.b He took Levic byd his right hande and Judah by his left hand.f

31:13 He turned to Levi first and began to bless him first.a He said to him:b

“May the Lord of everything—he is the Lord of allc ages—

bless youd and your sons throughout all ages.

14 May the Lord give you and your descendants greatness and honor;a

may he make youb and your descendants (alone) out of all humanity approach him

to servec in his templed like the angels of the presence and like the holy ones.

The descendants of your sons will be like them in honor, greatness, and holiness.

May he make them greate throughout all the ages.

15 They will be princes, judges, and leadersa of all the descendants of Jacob’s sons.b

They will declare the word of the Lord justly

and will justly judge all his verdicts.

They will tell my waysc to Jacobd

and my pathse to Israel.

The blessing of the Lord will be placed in their mouth,f

so that they may bless all the descendantsg of the beloved.

16 Your mother named you Levi,

and she has given you the right name.

You will become one who is joined toa the Lord

and a companion of all Jacob’s sons.

His tableb is to belong to you;

you and your sons are to eat (from) it.

May your table be filled throughout all history;

may your food not be lacking throughout all ages.

17 May all who hate you fall before you,

and all your enemies be uprooted and perish.

May the one who blesses you be blessed,

and a nation who curses you be cursed.”b

31:18 Then he said to Judah:

“May the Lord give you the power and strength to tramplea on all who hate you.

Beb a prince—you and one of your sons—for Jacob’s sons.

May your name and the name of your sonsc be one

that goes and travels aroundd in the entire earth and the regions.

Then the nations will be frightened before you;

all the nations will be disturbed;

all peoples will be disturbed.

19 May Jacob’s help be in you;a

May Israel’s safety be foundb in you.

20 At the time when you sit on the honorable throne that is rightly yours,

there will be great peace fora all the descendants of the beloved’s sons.b

The one who blesses you will be blessed,

and all who hate and trouble you,

and those, too, who curse youc

will be uprootedd and destroyed from the earth

and are to be cursed.”

31:21 He turned,a kissed him again, and hugged him. He was very happy that he had seen the sons of his true son Jacob. 22 He moved out from between his feet, fell down, and bowed to him. He then blessed them.a He rested there near his father Isaac that night. They ate and drank happily. 23 He made Jacob’s two sons sleep,a one on his right, and one on his left; and it was credited to him as something righteous.

31:24 That night Jacob told his father everything—how the Lord had shown him great kindness, that he had directed all his ways favorably and had protected him from evil. 25 Isaac blessed the God of his father Abraham who had not put an end to his mercy and faithfulness for the sona of his servant Isaac.b 26 In the morning Jacob told his father Isaac the vow that he had made to the Lord, the vision that he had seen,a that he had built an altar and everything was ready for offering the sacrifice before the Lord as he had vowed, and that he had comeb to put him on a donkey. 27 But Isaac said to his son Jacob: “I am unable to come with you becausea I am old and unable to put up with the trip. Go safely, my son, because I am 165 yearsb of age today. I am no longer able to travel. Put your mother on an animal and let her go with you. 28 I know, my son, that it was on my account that you came. Blessed be this day on which you have seen me alive and I, too, have seen you, my son. 29 Be successfula and carry outb the vow that you made. Do not delay (in carrying out) your vowc because you will be held accountable regarding the vow. Now hurry to perform it.d May the one who has made everything, to whom you madee the vow, be pleased (with it).” 30 He said to Rebekah: “Go with your son Jacob.”a

So Rebekah went with her son Jacob and Deborahb with her. They arrivedc at Bethel. 31 When Jacoba recalled the prayerb with which his fatherc had blessed himd and his two sons—Levi and Judah—he was very happy and blessed the God of his fathers Abraham and Isaac. 32 He said:a “Now I know that I and my sons, too, have an eternal hope before the God of all.” This is the way it is ordained regarding the two of them, and it is entered for themb as an eternal testimony on the heavenly tablets just as Isaac blessed them.

32:1 That night he stayeda at Bethel. Levi dreamed thatb he—he and his sonsc—was appointed and ordainedd to the priesthoode of the Most High God forever. When he awakened, he blessed the Lord. 2 Jacob got up early in the morning on the fourteenth day of this month and gave a tithe of all that had comea with him—from people to animals,b from money to all utensils and clothing. He gave a tithe of all. 3 At that time Rachel was pregnant with her son Benjamin. Jacob counted his sonsa from him. He went up (the list), and it came down on Levi in the Lord’s share.b His father put priestly clothes on him and ordained him. 4 Ona the fifteenth of this month heb brought to the altar 14 young bulls from the cattle, 28 rams, 49 sheep, 7c kids, and 21d goats—ase a burnt offering on the altar andd as a pleasing offering for a pleasant aroma before God. 5 Thisa was his gift because of the vowb which he had made that he would give a tithe along with theirc sacrifices and their libations. 6 When the fire had consumed it, he would burna incense on the fire above it;b and as a peace offering two young bulls, four rams, four sheep, four he-goats,c two year-old sheep, and two goats. This is whatd he would do daily for the seven days. 7 He a was eating happily thereb—he, all his sons, and his men—for the seven days. He was blessingc and praising the Lord who had freed himd from all his difficulties and whoe had granted him his vow. 8 He tithed all the clean animalsa and made an offering of them.b He gavec his son Levi the unclean animals and gave him all the persons of the people. 9 Levi rather thana his ten brothers served as priest in Bethel before his father Jacob. There he was a priest, and Jacob gaveb what he had vowed. In this way he again gave a tithec to the Lord. He sanctified it,d and it becamee holy.

32:10 For this reason it is ordained as a law on the heavenly tablets to tithea a second time, to eat it before the Lord—year by year—in the place that has been chosen (as the site) where his name will reside. This law has no temporal limits forever. 11 That statute has been written down so that it should be carried out year by year—to eat the tithe a second timea before the Lord in the place that has been chosen. One is not to leave any of itb over from this year to the next year. 12 For the seed is to be eaten in its year until the time for harvestinga the seed of the year; the wine (will be drunk) until the time for wine; and the olive (will be used) until the proper time of its season.b 13 Any of it that is left over and grows olda is to be (considered) contaminated; it is to be burned up because it has become impure. 14 In this way they are to eata it at the same timeb in the sanctuary;c they are not to let it grow old. 15 The entire tithe of cattle and sheep is holy to the Lord, anda is to belong to his priests who will eat (it) before him year by year, because this is the way it is ordained and inscribed on the heavenly tablets regarding the tithe.

32:16 During the next night,a on the twenty-second day of this month, Jacob decided to build up that place and to surround the courtyard with a wall, to sanctify it, and make it eternally holy for himself and for his children after him forever.b 17 The Lord appeared to him during the night. He blessed him and said to him: “You are not to be called Jacob onlya but you will (also) be named Israel.” 18 He said to him a second time: “I am the Lorda who created heaven and earth. I will increase your numbers and multiply you very much. Kings will come from you, and they will rule wherever humanity has set foot.b 19 I will give your descendants all of the landa that is beneath the sky. They will ruleb over all the nations just as they wish.c Afterwards, they will gain the entire earth, and they will possess it forever.” 20 When he had finished speaking with him, he went up from him, and Jacob kept watchinga until he had gone upb into heaven. 21 In a night vision he sawa an angelb coming down from heaven with seven tabletsc in his hands.d He gave (them)e to Jacob, and he read them.f He learnedg everythingh that was written in them—what would happen to him and his sons throughout all ages. 22 After he had shown him everythinga that was written on the tablets, he said to him: “Do not build up this place, and do not make it an eternal temple. Do not live here because this is notb the place. Goc to the housed of your father Abraham and livee wheref your father Isaac is until the day of your father’sg death. 23 For you will die peacefully in Egypt and be buried honorably in this land in the grave of your fathersa—withb Abraham and Isaac. 24 Do not be afraid because everything will happen just as you have seen and read. Now you write down everything just as you have seen and read.”a 25 Then Jacob said: “Lord,a how shall I remember everythingb just asc I have read and seen?” He said to him: “I will remind you of everything.” 26 When he had gone from him,a he awakened and remembered everything that he had read and seen. He wrote downb all the things that he had read and seen. 27 He celebrated one morea day there. On it he sacrificed exactly asb he had been sacrificing on the previous days. He named it Detaining because he was detainedc one day.d He named the previous onese the Festival. 28 This is the way it was revealed that it should be, and it is written on the heavenly tablets. For this reasona it was revealedb to him that he should celebrate itc and add itd to the seven days of the festival. 29 It was called Detaininga because of the fact thatb it is enteredc in the testimonyd of the festal days in accord withe the number of days in the year.

32:30 In the night, on the twenty-third of this month,a Deborah, Rebekah’s nurse, died. They buried herb below the city, beneath the oakc (near) the stream.d He namede that placef the Stream of Deborah and the oak the Oak of Mourning for Deborah.g

32:31 Then Rebecca set outa and returned homeb to his father Isaac. Through her Jacob sent rams, he-goats, and sheepc to make his father a meal as he would wish.d 32 He followed his mother until he reached the country of Kabratan,a and he remained there. 33 During the nighta Rachel gave birth to a son. Sheb named him Son of my Pain because she had difficulty when she was giving birth to him.c But his father named him Benjamin on the eleventh of the eighth month, during the first year of the sixth week of this jubileed [2143]. 34 Rachel died therea and was buried in the countryb of Ephrathah, that is, Bethlehem. Jacob built a pillar atc Rachel’s grave—on the road above her grave.d

33:1 Jacob went and stayed to the south of the tower of Eder Ephrathah.a He went to his father Isaac—he and his wife Leah—on the first of the tenth month. 2 When Reuben sawa Bilhah, Rachel’s maidb—his father’s concubine—bathing in water in a hidden place, he loved her. 3 Hea entered Bilhah’s houseb secretly at night and found her lying alone in her bed and sleepingc in her tent.d 4 After he had slept witha her, she awakened and sawb that Reuben was lyingc with her in bed. She uncovered the edge of her (clothing),d took hold of him, shouted out, and realized that it was Reuben. 5 She was ashamed because of him.a Once she had released her grip on him, he ran away.b 6 She grieved terribly about this matter and told no onea at all.b 7 When Jacob came and looked for her,a she said to him:b “I am not pure for you because I am contaminated from you,c since Reubend defiled me and slept with me at night.e I was sleeping and did not realize (it) until he uncovered the edge of my (garment) and lay with me.” 8 Jacob was very angry at Reuben because he had lain with Bilhah, since he had uncovered the covering of his father.a 9 Jacob did not knowa herb again because Reuben had defiled her.

As for any man whoc uncovers the covering of his father—his act is indeed very bad and it is indeedd despicable before the Lord. 10 For this reason it is written and ordained on the heavenly tabletsa that a man is not to sleepb with his father’s wife and that he is not to uncover the covering of his father because it is impure. They are certainly to die together—the man who sleeps with his father’s wife and the woman, too—because they have done something impure on the earth. 11 There is to be nothing impure before our God within the nation that hea has chosen as his own possession.b 12 Again, it is written a second time: “Let the one who sleeps with his father’s wife be cursed because he has uncovered his father’s covering.a All of the Lord’s holy onesb said: ‘So be it, so be it.’”

33:13 Now youa order the Israelites to observe this command because it is a capital offence and it is an impure thing.b To eternity there is no expiation to atone for the manc who does this; but he is to be put to death, to be stoned, and to be killed and uprootedd from among the people of our God.e 14 For any mana who commits it in Israel will not be allowed to live a single dayb on the earth because he is despicable and impure.c 15 They are not to say: “Reuben was allowed to live and (have) forgiveness aftera he had slept with the concubineb of his father whilec she had a husband and her husband—his father Jacob—was alive.” 16 For the statute, the punishment, and the lawa had not been completely revealed to all but (only) in your timeb asc a law of itsd particular time and as an eternal law for the history of eternity. 17 There is no time when this law will be at an end,a nor is there anyb forgiveness for it; rather both of themc are to be uprooted amongd the people. On the day in which they have done this they are to kill them.

33:18 Now you, Moses, write for Israel so that they keep it and do not act like thisa and do not stray into a capital offence; because the Lord our b God, whoc shows no favoritism and takes no bribe,d is the judge. 19 Tella them these words of the covenantb so that they may listen, guard themselves,c be careful about them, and notd be destroyed or uprooted from the earth. For all who commit ite on the earth before the Lord are impure, something detestable, a blemishf and something contaminated. 20 Noa sin is greater than the sexual impurity that they commitb on the earth because Israel is a holy people for the Lord its God.c It is the nation that he possesses;d it is a priestly nation; it is a priestly kingdom; it is what he owns.e No such impurity will be seenf among the holy people.

33:21 During the third year of the sixtha week [2145] Jacobb and all his sons went and took up residence at the housec of Abraham near his father Isaac and his motherd Rebekah. 22 These are the names of Jacob’s sons: Reuben, hisa first-born, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, were Leah’s sons. Rachel’s sons were Joseph and Benjamin. Bilhah’s sons were Dan and Naphtali. And Zilpah’s sons were Gad and Asher. Leah’s daughter Dinah was Jacob’s only daughter. 23 After they had come, they bowed to Isaac and Rebekah. When they saw them,a they blessedb Jacob and allc his children. Isaac was extremely happy that he had seen the children of his younger son Jacob, and he blessed them.

34:1 During the sixth year of thisa week of this forty-fourth jubilee [2148], Jacob sent his sons to tend hisb sheep—hisc servants were also with them—to the field of Shechem. 2 Seven Amorite kings assembled againsta them to kill them from their hiding place beneath the treesb and to take their animalsc as booty. 3 But Jacob,a Levi, Judah, and Joseph remained at homeb with their father Isaac because he was distressedc and theyd were unable to leave him. Benjamin was the youngest, and for this reason he stayede with him.f 4 Then came the kingsa of Tafu,b the king of Ares, the king of Seragan, the king of Selo, the king of Gaaz, the king of Betoron, the king of Maanisakir, and all who were living on thisc mountain, whod were living in the foreste in the land of Canaan. 5 It was reported to Jacob:a “The Amorite kings have just surrounded yourb sons and have carried off your flocks by force.” 6 He set out from hisa house—he, his three sons, all his father’s servants, and his servants—and went againstb them with 6000 men who carried swords. 7 Hea killed them in the field of Shechem, and theyb pursued the ones who ran away. Hec killed them with the blade of the sword. He killed Ares, Tafu, Saregan, Silo, Amanisakir, and Gagaasd 8 and collected hisa flocks. He got control of them and imposed tribute on themb so that they should give him as tribute one-fifthc of their land’s products. Hed built Robel and Tamnatares 9 and returned safely. He made peace with them, and they became his servants until the day that he and his sons went down to Egypt.a

34:10 During the seventh year of this week [2149] he sent Joseph from his house to the land ofa Shechem to find out about his brothers’ welfare. He found them in the land of Dothan. 11 They acted in a treacherous way and made a plan against hima to kill him; but, after changing their minds, they sold himb to a traveling band of Ishmaelites. They brought him down to Egypt and sold him to Potiphar, Pharaoh’s eunuch, the chief cook, and the priest of the city of Elew. 12 Jacob’s son’s slaughtered a he-goat, stained Joseph’s clothing by dipping it in its blood,a and sent (it) to their fatherb Jacob on the tenth of the seventh month. 13 Hea mourned all that nightb becausec they had brought it to him in the evening. He became feverish through mourning his death and saidd that a wild animal had eaten Joseph. That day all the people of his household mourned with him. They continued to be distressed and to mourn with him all that day.e 14 His sons and daughtera set about consoling him, but he was inconsolable for his son. 15 That day Bilhah heard that Joseph had perished. While she was mourning for him,a she died. She had been living in Qafratefa. His daughter Dinah, too, died after Joseph had perished. These three (reasons for) mourning came to Israelb in one month. 16 They buried Bilhah opposite Rachel’s grave, and they buried his daughter Dinah there as well. 17 He continued mourning for Joseph for one year and was not comforted but said: “May I go downa to the grave mourning for my son.” 18 For this reason, it has been ordained regarding the Israelites that they should be distressed on the tenth of the seventh month—on the day when (the news) that made (him) lament Joseph reached his father Jacoba—in order to make atonement for themselves on it with a kid—on the tenth of the seventh month, once a year—for their sins. For they had saddened their father’s (feelings of) affection for his son Joseph. 19 This day has been ordained so that they may be saddened on ita for their sins, allb their transgressions, and allc their errors; so that they may purify themselves on this day once a year.

34:20 After Joseph had perished, Jacob’s sons took wives for themselves.a The name of Reuben’s wife was Oda; the name of Simeon’s wife was Adebaa, the Canaanitess; the name of Levi’s wife was Melcha, one of the daughters of Aram—one of the descendants of Terah’s sons; the name of Judah’s wife was Betasuel, the Canaanitess; the name of Issachar’s wife was Hezaqa; the name of Zebulun’s wife was [Neeman];b the name of Dan’s wife was Egla; the name of Naphtali’s wife was Rasu’u of Mesopotamia; the name of Gad’s wife was Maka; the name of Asher’s wife was Iyona; the name of Joseph’s wife was Asenath, the Egyptian, and the name of Benjamin’s wife was Iyaska. 21 Simeon, after changing his mind, married another woman from Mesopotamia likea his brothers.

35:1 During the first year of the first week in the forty-fifth jubilee [2157], Rebekah summoned her son Jacob and ordered him regarding his father anda brother that he was to honor them throughout Jacob’sb entire lifetime. 2 Jacob said: “I will do everything just asa you ordered me because this matter will be something honorable and great for me; it will be a righteous act for me before the Lord that I should honor them. 3 You, mother,a knowb everything I have done and all my thoughts from the day I was born until today—that at all times I thinkc of doing goodd for all. 4 How shall I not do whata you have ordered me—that I should honorb my father and brother?c 5 Tell me,a mother, what impropriety you have noticed in me and I will certainly turn awayb from it and will experiencec mercy.”d 6 Shea said to him: “My son, throughout my entire lifetimeb I have noticed no improper act in you but only proper one(s). However, I will tell you the truth,c my son: I will die during this year and will not make it alived through this year because I have seen the day of my death in a dreame—that I will not live more than 155f years. Nowg I have completed my entireh lifetime that I am to live.”i 7 Jacob laughed at what his mother was saying because his mother said to him that she would die,a but she was sitting in front of him in possession of her strength. She had lost none of her strength because she could come and go;b she could seec and her teeth were strong. No sicknessd had touchede her throughout her entire lifetime.f 8 Jacob said to her: “Mother,a I would be fortunate if my lifetime approached your lifetimeb and (if) my strength would remain with me in the way your strength has. You are not going to die but rather have jokingly spoken idle nonsense with me about your death.”c

35:9 Shea went in to Isaac and said to him: “I am making one request of you: make Esau swearb that he will not harm Jacobc and not pursue him in hatred.d For you know the inclination of Esau—that he has been malicious since his youth ande that he is devoid of virtue because he wishes to kill himf after yourg death. 10 You know everythinga that he has doneb from the day his brother Jacob wentc to Haran until today—that he has wholeheartedly abandoned us. He has treated us badly; he has led awayd your flocks and has taken all your possessions away from you by force.e 11 When we would ask him in a pleading waya for what belongs to us, he would again do something treacherousb like someonec who was being charitable to us. 12 He is embittered toward youa due to the fact that you blessed your perfect and true son Jacob since he has virtue only, no evil. From the time he came from Haran until todayb he has not deprived us of anything butc he always brings us everything in its season. He is wholeheartedly happy when we accept (anything) from him, and he blesses us. He has not separated from us from the day he came from Haran until today. He has continually been living with us at homed (all the while) honoring us.” 13 Isaac said to her: aI, too, knowb and see the actionsc of Jacob who is with us—that he wholeheartedly honors us and does our wishes.d At first I did love Esau much moree than Jacob, after he was born;f but now I love Jacob more than Esau because he has done so many bad things and lacks (the ability to do) what is right. For the entire way he acts is (characterized by) violence and wickedness and there is nog justice about him. 14 Now my mind is disturbed abouta his actions. Neither he nor his descendants are to be saved because they will be destroyed from the earth and uprooted from beneath the sky. For he has abandonedb the God of Abraham and has gone after the impurity of the women and after the error of the women.c 15 You are sayinga to me that I should make himb swear not to kill his brotherc Jacob. If he does swear, he will not persevered and will not do what is virtuous but rather what is evil. 16 If he wishes to kill his brothera Jacob, he will be handed overb to Jacob and will not escapec from his control but will falld into his control. 17 Now you are not to be afraida for Jacob because Jacob’s guardian is greater and more powerful, glorious, and praiseworthy than Esau’s guardian.b For like dust befor[e              ] all the guardians of Esau before the God of [              J]acob [my perfect and de]ar s[on.] But I lo[ve               do]es our wishes [                   ] my sister in peace.”

35:18 Then Rebekah sent and summoned Esau. When he had come to her, she said to him: “I have a request thata I will make of you, my son; sayb that you will do it,c my son.” 19 He said:a “I will do anythingb you tell me;c I will not refuse your request.” 20 She said to him: “I ask of you that on the day I die you bring me and bury me near your father’s mother Sarah; and that you and Jacob love one another,a and that the one not desire harm for his brotherb but onlyc loving one another. Then you will be prosperous, my sons, and be honoredd one the earth. Your enemy will not be happy over you. You will become a blessing and an object of kindness in the view of all who love you.”f 21 He said:a “I will do everything that you say to me. I will bury you on the day of your death near my father’s mother Sarah as you have desired that her bones be nearb your bones. 22 My brother Jacob I will love morea than all humanity. I have no brother onb the entire earth but him alone. This is no great thing for me if I love him because he is my brother. We were conceived together in your belly and we emerged together from your womb.c If I do not love my brother, whom shall I love? 23 I myselfa ask of you that you instruct Jacob about me and my sons because I know that he will indeed rule over me and my sons. For on the day when my father blessed him he made him the superior and me the inferior one. 24 I swear to you that I will love him and that throughout my entire lifetime I will not desire harma for him but onlyb what is good.” He swore to her about this entire matter.

35:25 She summoned Jacob in front of Esau and gave him orders in line with what she had discussed with Esau. 26 He said:a “I will do what pleases you. Trust meb that nothing bad against Esauc will come from me or my sons. I will not be first except in love only.”d 27 She and her sonsa ate and drank that night. She died that night at the age of three jubilees, one week, and one yearb [= 155 years]. Her two sons Esau and Jacob buried her in the twofoldc cave near their father’sd mother Sarah.

36:1 During the sixth year of this week [2162] Isaac summoned his twoa sons Esau and Jacob. When they had come to him, he said to them: “My children, I am going the way of my fathers, to the eternal home where my fathers are. 2 Bury me neara my father Abraham in the double cave in the field of Ephron the Hittite that Abraham acquiredb to (have) a burial place there. There, in the grave that I dug for myself, bury me. 3 This is what I am ordering you, my sons: that you do what is right and just on the earth so that the Lord may bring on you everything that the Lord said that he would do for Abrahama and his descendants.b 4 Practice brotherly lovea among yourselves, my sons, like a man who loves himself, with each one desiring what is good for his brotherb and doing things togetherc on the earth. May they love one another as themselves.d 5 Regarding the matter of idols, Ia am instructingb you to reject them,c to be an enemy of them,d and not to love theme because they are full of errors for thosef who worship themg and who bow to them.h 6 My sons,a remember the Lord, the God of your father Abrahamb (afterwardsc I, too, worshiped and served him properly andd sincerelye) so thatf he may make you numerous and increase your descendants in number like the stars of the sky and plant you in the earth as a righteous plant that will not beg uprooted throughout all the history of eternity. 7 Now I will make you swear witha the great oath—because there is no oath which is greater than it, by the praiseworthy, glorious, and great, splendid, marvelous, powerful, and great nameb which made the heavens and the earth and everything together—that you will continue to fear and worship him, 8 as each loves his brothera kindly and properly. One is not to desireb harm for his brother from now and forever,c throughout your entire lifetime, so that you may be prosperous in everything that you do and not be destroyed. 9 If one of you desires harm for his brother, be aware from now on that anyone who desires harm for his fellowa will fall into his control and will be uprooted from the land of the living, while his descendants will be destroyed from beneath the sky. 10 On the day of anger with raging wrath and furya—with a blazing fire that devours—he will burn his land, his cities, and everything that belongs to him just as he burned Sodom. He will be erased from the disciplinary book of humanity.b He will not be entered in the book of life but is one whoc will be destroyed. He will pass over to an eternald curse so that their punishment may always be renewed with denunciation and curse, with anger, pain, and wrath, and with blows and eternal sickness. 11 I am reporting and testifying to you, my sons, in accord with the punishment that will come on the man who wishesa to do what is harmfulb to his brother.”c

36:12 That day he divideda all the property that he owned between the two of them. He gave the larger partb to the man who was the first to be bornc along with the tower,d everythinge around it, and everythingf that Abraham had acquired at the well of the oath. 13 He said: “I am making thisa portion largerb for the man who was the first to be born.” 14 But Esaua said: “I sold (it)b to Jacob; I gave myc birthright to Jacob.d It ise to be given to him. I will say absolutely nothing about it because it belongs to him.” 15 Isaac then said: “May a blessing rest on you, my sons, and on your descendants todaya because you have given me rest. My mind is not sad regarding the birthrightb—lest you doc something evil about it. 16 May the Most High Lord bless the mana who does what is right—him and his descendantsb forever.” 17 When he had finished giving them orders and blessing them, they ate and drank together in front of him. He was happya because there was agreement between them. They left him, restedb that day, and fell asleep.c 18 That day Isaac was happy as he fell asleep on his bed. He fell asleepa forever and died at the age of 180 years. He had completedb 25 weeks of yearsc and five years. His two sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

36:19 Esau wenta to the land of Mt. Seirb and lived there, 20 while Jacob lived on the mountain ofa Hebron, in the tower in the land of Canaan,b in the land of his father Abraham.c He worshiped the Lord wholeheartedlyd and in line with the revealed commands according to the divisions ofe the timesf of his generation.

36:21 Hisa wife Leah died during the fourth year of the second week of the forty-fifth jubilee [2167]. Heb buried her in the twofold cave near his mother Rebekah, on the left of his grandmother Sarah’s grave.c 22 Alla her sonsb andc his sonsd came to mourn with him for his wife Leahe and to comfort him regarding her because he was lamenting her. 23 For he loved her very much from the time when her sister Rachel died because she was perfect and right in all her behaviora and honoredb Jacob.c In all the time that she livedd with hime he did not hearf ag harshh word from her mouth because she was gentle and possessed (the virtues of) peace, truthfulness, and honor.i 24 As he recalled alla the things that she had done in her lifetime, he greatly lamented her becauseb he loved herc with all his heart and with alld his person.

37:1 On the daya that Isaac, the father of Jacob and Esau, died Esau’s sons heard that Isaac had given the birthrightb to his younger son Jacob. They became very angry. 2 They quarreled with their father:a “Why is it that when you are the olderb and Jacob the younger your father gave Jacob the birthrightc and deposed you?”d 3 Hea said to them:b “Because I gavec the right of the first-bornd to Jacobe in exchange for a little lentil broth. The day my father sent me to hunt gamef so that he could eat (it) and bless me, he came in a crafty way and brought in food and drinkg to my father. My fatherh blessed him and put me under his control. 4 Now oura father has made usb—me and him—swear that we will not seek harm,c the one against his brother,d and that we will continue in (a state of) mutual lovee and peace, eachf with his brother, so that we should not corrupt our behavior.”g 5 Theya said to him: “We will not listenb to you by making peace with him because our strength is greater than his strength, and we are strongerc than he is. We will go against him, kill him, and destroy his sons.d If you do not go with us, we will harm you, too. 6 Nowa listen to us: letb us sendc to Aram, Philistia, Moab, and Ammon;d and let us choose for ourselves select mene who are brave in battle. Then let us go against him, make war with him, and uprootf him from the earth before he gains strength.” 7 Their fathera said to them: “Do not go and do not make war with him so that you may not fall before him.”b 8 Theya said to him: “Is this notb the veryc way you have acted from your youth until today. You are putting your neck beneath his yoke. We will not listen to what you are saying.”d

37:9 So theya sent to Aram and to their father’s friend Aduram. Together with themb they hired for themselves 1000 fighting men, select warriors.c 10 There came to them from Moab and from the Ammonites 1000 select men whoa were hired; from the Philistines 1000 select warriors; from Edom and the Horites 1000 select fighters, and from the Kittimb strong warriors. 11 They said to their father: “Go out;a lead them.b Otherwise we will kill you.” 12 Hea was filled with anger and wrath when he saw that his sons were forcingb him to go in front in order to lead themc to his brother Jacob.d 13 Buta he remembered allb the bad things that were hidden in his mindc against his brother Jacob, and he did not remember the oathd that he had sworn to his father and mother not to seek harme against Jacobf throughout his entire lifetime.g

37:14 During all this time, Jacob was unaware that they were coming to him for battle.a He, for his part, was mourning for his wifeb until they approached him nearc the towerd with 4000 warriors.e 15 The people of Hebron sent word to him:a “Your brother has just nowb come against you to fight youc with 4000 men who have swords buckled on and are carrying shields and weapons.” d They told hime because they loved Jacob more than Esau, since Jacob was a more generous and kindf man than Esau. 16 But Jacob did not believe (it) until theya came near the tower.b 17 Then hea closed the gates of the tower,b stoodc on the top, and spoke with his brother Esau. He said:d “It is a finee consolation that you have come to give me for my wife who has died. Is this the oathf that you swore to your father and your mother twiceg before he died?h You have violated the oath and were condemned in the hour when you swore (it) to your father.”i

37:18 Thena Esau said in reply to him:bNeither humankind nor serpentsc have a true oathd that they, once they have sworn,e have sworn (it as valid) forever. Every day they desire harm for one another, how to killf hisg enemy and opponent. 19 You hate me and my sonsa forever. There is nob observing of brotherly tiesc with you. 20 Listen to what I have to saya to you. Ifb a pig changes its hide and makes its hair limp like wool;c andd horns like the horns ofe a ram and sheepf go out on its head, then I will observe brotherly ties with you. The breasts have been separated from their mother, for you have not been a brother to me.g 21 If wolves make peace with lambs so that they do not eat thema or injure them; and if they have resolved to treat them well, then there will be peace in my mind for you.b 22 If a lion becomes the friend of a bull and a confidant,a and if it is harnessed together with it in a yokeb and plows (as) one yoke,c thend I will make peace with you. 23 Ifa the ravens turn whiteb like a pelican,c then know that I love youd and will make peace with you.e (As for) you—bef uprooted and your children are being uprooted.g There is to beh no peace for you.”i

37:24 When Jacob saw that he was adversely inclined toward him from his minda and his entire self so that he could kill him and (that) he was coming and bounding alongb like a boar that comes upon the spear that pierces it and kills it but does not pull back from it, 25 then hea told his sonsb and his servantsc to attack himd and his companions.e

38:1 After thisa Judah spoke to his father Jacob and said to him:b “Draw your bow, father;c shoot your arrow;d strike the enemy; and kill the foe.e May you have the strengthf because we will not kill your brother,g since he is your brotherh and he is similar to you,i and, in our estimation,j he is like youk in honor.”l 2 Jacob then stretched his bow, shot an arrow,a struckb his brother Esau on his right breast,c and killedd him. 3 He shot a second arrowa and hit Aduran the Aramean on his left breast; he drove him backb and killed him.c 4 After thisa Jacob’s sonsb—they and theirc servants—went out,d dividing themselves to the four sidese of the tower. 5 Judaha went out first.b Naphtali and Gad were with him, and 50 servantsc were with themd on the south side of the tower. They killed everyone whom they founde in front of them. No one at all escapedf from them. 6a Levi, Dan, and Asher went outb on the east side of the tower, and 50 were with them. They killed the Moabite and Ammonite bands.c 7a Reuben,b Issachar, and Zebulun went outc on the north side of the tower,d and their 50 with them.e They toof killed the Philistine fighting men. 8 Simeon,a Benjamin, and Enoch—Reuben’s son—went outb on the west side of the tower, and their 50c with them. Of (the people of) Edom and the Horites they killed 400 strongd warriors, and 600 ran away.e Esau’sf four sons ran away with them. They left their slain fatherg thrownh on the hill that is in Adoraim.i 9 Jacob’s sons pursued them as far as Mt. Seir,a while Jacob buried his brotherb on the hill that is in Adoraimc and then returnedd to the tower.e 10 Jacob’s sons besiegeda Esau’s sons in Mt. Seir. They bowed their neckb to become servants for Jacob’s sons. 11 They sent to their fathera (to ask) whether they should makeb peace withc them or kill them. 12 Jacob sent word to his sons to make peace.a So they madeb peace with them and placed the yoke of servitudec on them so that they should pay tributed to Jacob and his sons for all time. 13 They continued paying tributea to Jacob until the day that he went downb to Egypt. 14 The Edomites have not extricated themselvesa from the yoke of servitudeb that Jacob’s sons imposedc on them until today.

38:15 These are the kings who ruled in Edoma—before a kingb ruled the Israelites—until today in the land of Edom. 16a Balakb, son of Be’or, became king in Edom.c The name of his city was Danaba. 17 After Balak died, Yobab son of Zara who was from Bosir became king in his place. 18 After Yobaba died, Asam who was from Mt. Temanb became king in his place. 19 After Asam died, Adat son of Bared who slaughtered Midian in the field of Moab became king in his place. The name of his city was Awutu. 20 After Adat died, Saloman who was from Emaseqa became king in his place. 21 After Saloman died, Saul who was from the river Raabot became king in his place. 22 After Saul died, Beelunan son of Akbur became king in his place. 23 After Baelunan son of Akbura died, Adat became king in his place. His wife’s name was Maytabit, daughter of Matrit, daughter ofb Metabedezaab. 24 These are the kings who ruled in the land of Edom.

39:1 Jacob liveda in the landb where his father had wandered as a foreigner—the landc of Canaan. 2 Thisa is the history of Jacob. When Joseph was 17b years of age, they brought him down to Egypt.c Pharaoh’s eunuch Potiphar, the chief cook,d bought him. 3 He put Joseph in charge of his entirea house. The Lord’s blessing was (present) in the Egyptian’s house because of Joseph. The Lord made everything that he did succeed for him. 4 The Egyptian placeda everything before Josephb because he noticedc that the Lordd was with him and that God made everything that he dide succeed for him.f

39:5 Now Joseph was well formeda and very handsome.b The wife of his master looked up at him,c saw Joseph, loved him, and pleaded with him to sleep with her. 6 But hea did not surrender himself.b He remembered the Lord and what his father Jacob would read to him fromc the words of Abraham—thatd no one is to commit adultery with a woman who has a husband; thate there is a death penalty that has been ordained for himf in heaven before the Most High God. The sin will be entered regarding himg in the eternal booksh forever before the Lord.i 7 Joseph remembered what he had saida and refusedb to sleep with her. 8 She pleaded with hima for one year and a second,b but he refused to listenc to her. 9 She graspeda him and held on to him in the houseb to compel himc to sleepd with her. She closed the doore of the house and held on to him.f He left his clothes in her hands,g brokeh the door, and ran away from her to the outside. 10 When that woman saw that he would not sleep with her,a she accused him falselyb to his master: “Your Hebrew slave whom you lovec wantedd to force me so that he could sleep with me. When I shouted, he ran outside,e left his clothes in my hands when I grabbed him by his clothes, and broke the door.”f 11 When the Egyptian sawa Joseph’s clothes and the broken door, he believed what his wife said. He put Josephb in prison in the place where the prisoners of the kingc were held.d

39:12 While hea was there in prison,b the Lord gave Josephc a favorable reception before the chief of the prison guardsd and a kind reception before him because he saw that the Lord was with him and that the Lorde was makingf everything that heg did succeed for him. 13 Hea left everything to him.b The chief of the prison guardsc knewd nothing at all about his affairse because Joseph would do everythingf and the Lord would bring (it) to completion.g He remained there for two years.

39:14 At that time Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, became angry at two of his eunuchs—the chief butlera and the chief baker. He put them in prison, in the house of the chief cook, in the prison where Josephb was held. 15 The chief of the prison guardsa appointed Joseph to serve them. So he would serve in their presence.b 16 Both of thema—the chief butler and the chief baker—had a dreamb and told itc to Joseph. 17 Things turned outa for them just as heb interpreted for them. Pharaoh restored the chief butler to his cupbearing,c but he hangedd the bakere as Joseph had interpretedf for him.g 18 The chief butler forgot Joseph in prison although he had informed him (about) what would happen to him.a He did not remember to tell Pharaohb what Joseph had told himc because he forgot.

40:1 At that time Pharaoh had two dreams in one night about the subject ofa the famine that would come on the whole land.b When he awakened, he summoned all the dream interpreters who were in Egyptc and the enchanters. He told them his two dreams,d but they were unable to interpret them.e 2 Then the chief butler remembered Joseph. After he had told the kinga about him, he was brought from prison and he related theb dreamsc in his presence. 3 He interpreted thema in Pharaoh’s presenceb—that hisc two dreams were one. He said to him:d “Seven years are cominge (in which there will be) abundance in the entire land of Egypt, but afterwardsf there will be a seven-year famine, the like of whichg has never been in the entire land. 4 So now let Pharaoh appoint officersa throughout the entire land of Egypt andb let them collectc each city’sd food in the city during the period of the years of abundance.e Then there will be foodf for the seven years of famine, and the land will not perish because of the famine, since it will be very severe.”g 5 God gave Joseph a favorable and kind reception beforea Pharaoh. Pharaoh said to his servants:b “We will not findc a man as wise and knowledgeabled as this man,e for the spirit of God is with him.”f 6 He appointed him as the seconda (in command) in his entire kingdom, gave him authority over all the land of Egypt,b and allowed him to ridec on Pharaoh’s second chariot.d 7 He dressed him with clothing made of linen and put a gold chain on his neck. He made a proclamationa before himb and said: “Il il and abirer.” He put the signet ring on his hand and made him ruler over his entire household. He made him great and said to him:c “I will not be greater than you except with regard to the throned only.”

40:8 So Joseph became ruler over the entire land of Egypt. All of Pharaoh’s princes, all ofahis servants, and all who were doing the king’s work loved him because he conducted himself in a just way. He was not arrogant, proud, or partial, nor did he accept bribes because he was ruling all the people of the land in a just way. 9 The land of Egypt lived in harmony before Pharaoh because of Joseph for the Lord was with him. He gave him a favorable and kind reception for all his family before all who knew him and who heard reports about him.a Pharaoh’s rule was just, and there was no satan or any evil one. 10 The king named Joseph Sefantifanes and gave Joseph as a wife the daughter of Potiphar, the daughter of the priest of Heliopolis—the chief cook. 11a On the day when Joseph took up his position with Pharaoh he was 30 years of age when his took up his position with Pharaoh. 12 (Isaac died that yeara). Things turned out just as Joseph had reportedb about the interpretation ofc hisd twoe dreams, just as he had reported to him.f There were seven years of abundance in the whole land of Egypt. The land of Egypt was most productive: one measure (would produce) 1800g measures. 13 Joseph collected (each) city’s food in the citya untilb it was so full of wheat that it was impossible to count or measure itc because of its quantity.

41:1 In the forty-fifth jubilee, the second weeka during theb second year [2165], Judah took as a wife for his first-born Er one of the Aramean women whose name was Tamar. 2 He hated (her)a and did not sleep with her because his mother was a Canaanite woman and he wanted to marry someone from his mother’s tribe. But his father Judah did not allowb him.c 3 This Er,a Judah’s first-born, was evil, and the Lord killed him. 4 Then Judah said to his brothera Onan:b “Go in to your brother’s wife,c perform thed levirate duty for her, and produce descendants for your brother.”e 5 Onana knew that the descendants would not be his but his brother’s, so he entered the house of his brother’s wifeb and poured out the semenc on the ground.d In the Lord’s estimatione it was an evil act,f and he killed him. 6 So Judah said to his daughter-in-lawa Tamar: “Remain in your father’s house as a widow until my son Selomb grows up. Then I will give you to him as a wife.”c 7 Hea grew up, but Judah’s wifeb Bedsuel did not allow her son Selomc to marry her.d Judah’s wife Bedsuel died during the fifth year of this weeke [2168].

41:8 In itsa sixth year [2169] Judah went up to shearb his sheep in Timnah. Tamar was told: “Your father-in-law is now going up to shear his sheep in Timnah.”c 9 Then she put aside hera widow’s clothing from herself,b put on a veil,c beautified herself, and sat down at the gate neard the road to Timnah. 10 As Judah was going along,a he found herb and supposed that she was a prostitute. He said to her: “Let me come inc to you.” She said to him: “Come in.” So he came in.d 11 She said to him: “Give me my fee.”a He said to her:b “I have nothing with mec except the ring on my finger,d my neck chain,e and my staff that is in my hand.”f 12 She said to him:a “Give themb to me until you send mec my fee.” He said to her:d “I will send you a kid.” He gave them to her.e After he was with her,f she became pregnant by him.

41:13 Then Judah wenta to hisb sheep, but she went to her father’s house.c 14 Hea sentb the kidc through his Adullamite shepherd,d but he did not find her.e He asked the men of the area: “Wheref is the prostitute who was here?”g They said to him: “There is no prostitute here, nor do we have any prostitute with us.”h 15 He returneda and told him:b “I did not find her,c and when I askedd the men of the areae and they said to me:f ‘There is no prostitute here.’”g Judah said:h “Let her keep themi so that we may not become the object of mockery.”j

41:16 When she reached three months,a she was visibly pregnant.b Judah was told: “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has now become pregnant through prostitution.”c 17 Judah went to her father’s housea and said to her father and brothers:b “Bring her out and let her be burnedc because she has done something impure in Israel.” 18 When she was brought out to be burned, she sent the ring, the neck chain, and the staffa to her father-in-law and said: “Recognize whose these are becauseb I am pregnant by him.” 19 Judah recognized thema and said: “Tamar has been more just than I; therefore, do not burn her.” 20 For this reason she was not given to Selom,a and he did not approachb her again. 21 Afterwards she was pregnanta and gave birthb to two boysc—Perez and Zerah—during the seventh year of this second weekd [2170]. 22a Following this the seven yearsb of copious harvest (about) which Joseph had told Pharaoh were completed.

41:23 Judah knew that what he had done was evil because he had lain with his daughter-in-law. In his own view he considered it evil, and he knew that he had done wrong and erred,a forb he had uncovered his son’s covering. He began to lamentc and plead before the Lord because of hisd sin. 24 We told hima in a dreamb that it would be forgiven for him because he had pleaded very much and because he had lamentedc and did not do (it) again.d 25 He had forgiveness because he turneda from his sin and from his ignorance,b for the sin was a great one before our God. Anyone who actsc in this way—anyoned who sleeps with his daughter-in-lawe—is to be burned in fire so that he burns in it because impurity and contamination have come on them. They are to be burned.

41:26 Now youa order the Israelites that there is to be no impurity among them, for anyone who lies with his daughter-in-law or his mother-in-lawb has done something that is impure. They are to burn the man who layc with her and the woman. Then anger and punishment will ceased from Israel. 27 We told Judah that his two sons had not lain with her. For this reason his descendants were established for another generation and would not be uprooted.a 28 For in his integritya he had gone and demanded punishment because Judah had wanted to burn her on the basis of the law that Abraham had commanded his children.

42:1 During the first year of the third week of the forty-fiftha jubilee [2171], the famine began to come to the land. The rain refused to be given to the earth because there was nothing that was coming down. 2 The earth became unproductive, but in the land of Egypt there was food because Joseph had gathereda the grain in the landb during the seven years of copious harvest and kept it.c 3 When the Egyptians came to Joseph so that he would give them food, he opened the storehouses where the grain was. He gave (it) to them to eat in the first yeara andb sold (it) to the people of the landc in exchange for money.d

42:4 But the famine was very severe in the land of Canaan.a Jacob heardb that there was food in Egypt, so he sent his ten sons to get food for him in Egypt.c But he did not send Benjamin.d They arrived with those who were coming to Egypt.e 5 Joseph recognized them, but they did not recognize him. He spoke with them, asked them questions,a and said to them: “Are you not spies?b You have come to investigate the paths of the land.”c He then imprisoned them. 6 Afterwardsa he sent againb and summoned them.c He detained only Simeond and sent his nine brothers away. 7 He filled their sacks with graina and returned their money to themb in their sacks. But they did not know (this).c 8 He ordered them to bring their youngest brother because they had told him that their father was alive and their youngest brother (also).a 9 Theya went up from the land of Egypt and came to the land of Canaan. They told their father everything that had happened to them and how the ruler of the countryb had spoken harshly with them and was holding Simeon until they should bringc Benjamin. 10 Jacob said: “You have deprived me of children. Joseph does not exist nor does Simeon exist, and you are going to take Benjamin.a Your wickedness has come upon me.”b 11 He said: “My son will not go with you. Perhapsa he would become ill.b For their mother gave birth to two;c one has died and this one, too, you will take from me.d Perhaps he would catch a fevere on the way. Then you would bring down my old agef in sorrow to Sheol.”g 12 For he sawa that their moneyb was returned—each one in his pursec—and he was afraid to send him for this reason.d

42:13 Now the famine grew increasingly severea in the land of Canaan and in every land except the land of Egyptb because many Egyptians had keptc their seed in storage placesd aftere they sawf Joseph collecting grain,g placing it in storehouses, and keeping (it) for the years of the famine. 14 The Egyptiansa fed themselves with it during the first year of the famine.b

42:15 When Israel saw that the famine was very severe in the land and (that) there was no relief, he said to his sons: “Go, return, and get us (some) food so that we may not die.” 16 But they said:a “We will not go. If our youngest brother does not come with us, we will not go.”b 17 Israel saw thata if he did not send him with them they would all die because of the famine. 18 Then Reuben said:a “Put him under my control. If I do not bring him back to you, kill my two sons for his life.” But he said to him: “He will not go with you.”b 19 Then Judah approacheda and said:b “Send him with us.c If I do not bring him back to you, then let me be guiltyd before you throughout my entire lifetime.” 20 So he sent him with thema during the second year of this week [2172], on the first of the month.b They arrived in the country of Egypt with all who were going (there) and (had) their giftsc in their hands: stacte, almonds, terebinth nuts, and honeycombs.d

42:21 They arrived and stood in front of Joseph. When he saw his brother Benjamin, he recognized hima and said to them: “Is this your youngest brother?” They said to him: “He is.”b He said: “May God be gracious to you, my son.” 22 He sent hima into his house and brought Simeon out to them.b He preparedc a dinner for them. They presented him with his giftsd that they had broughte in their hands. 23 They ate in front of him. He gave portions to all of them, but Benjamin’s share was seven times larger than the share of any of them. 24 They ate and drank. Then they got up and stayeda with their donkeys. 25 Joseph conceived of a plan by which he would know their thoughts—whether there were peaceful thoughts between them.a He said to the man who was in charge ofb his house: “Fill all their sacks with food for them and return their money to them in their containers; put the cupc with which I drinkd in the sack of the youngeste—the silver cup—and send them away.”f

43:1 He did as Joseph told him. He filled their sacks completely with food for them and placed their money in their sacks. He puta the cupb in Benjamin’s sack. 2 Early in the morning they went (off). But when they had left that place, Joseph said to the man of his house: “Pursue them. Run and reprimand them as follows: ‘You have repaid mea with evil instead of good. You have stolen from meb the silver cup with which my master drinks.’ Bring their youngest brother back to me and bring himc quickly, before I go outd to the place where I rule.” 3 He ran after them and spoke to them in line witha this message. 4 They said to him: “Heaven forbid that your servants should do such a thing and should steal any container from the house of your master. Your servantsa have brought backb from the land of Canaan the money that we found in our sacks the first time. 5 How, then, should we steal any container? We and our sacks are here.a Make a search, and anyone of us in whose sackb you find the cup is to be killed, while we and our donkeys are to serve your master.” 6 He said to them: “(That) is not the way it will be. I will takea as a servant only the man with whom I find it,b and you may goc safely to your home.” 7 As he was searching among their containers, he began with the oldest and ended with the youngest. It was founda in Benjamin’sb sack. 8 Theya tore their clothing, loaded their donkeys, and returned to the city. When they arrived at Joseph’s house, all of them bowed to him with their faces to the ground. 9 Josepha said to them: “You have done an evil thing.” They said:b “What are we to say and what shall we say in our defense. Our masterc has discovered the crime of his servants.d We ourselves and our donkeys, too, are our master’s servants.” 10 Joseph said to them: “As for me, I fear God. As for you, go to your houses, but your brothera is to be enslaved because you have done something evil.b Do you not know that a man takes pleasure in his cup as I doc in this cup? And you stole it from me.”d 11 Then Judah said: “Please,a master, allow me, your servant,b to say somethingc in my master’s hearing. His mother gave birth to two brothers for your servant our father. One has gone away and been lost; no one has found him.d He alone is left of his mother(’s children). And your servant our father loves him and his life is tied together with the life of this one.e 12 Ifa we go to your servant our father and ifb the young man is not with us, then he would die and we would bring our father downc in sorrow to death. 13 Rather, I your servant will remaina in place of the childb as a servant of my master. Let the young man goc with his brothers because I took responsibility for him from your servant our father. If I do not bring him back, your servant will be guilty to our father forever.” 14 When Joseph saw that the minds of all of them were in harmony one with the other for good (ends), he was unable to control himself, and he told them that he was Joseph. 15 Hea spoke with them in the Hebrew language. He wrapped his arms around their necks and cried. But they did not recognize him and beganb to cry. 16 Then he said to them: “Do not cry about me. Quickly bring my father to me anda let himb see mec before hed dies, while my brother Benjamin also looks on.e 17 For this is now the second year of the famine and there are still five more years without harvest, without fruit (growing on) trees, and without plowing. 18 You and your households come down quickly so that you may not die in the famine. Do not worry about your property because the Lord sent me first before you to arrange matters so that many people may remain alive. 19 Tell my father that I am still alive. You now see that the Lord has made me like a father to Pharaoh and to rule in his household and over the entire land of Egypt. 20 Tell my father about all my splendor and all the wealth and splendor that the Lord has given me.”

43:21 By personal command of Pharaoh he gave them wagons and provisions for the trip, and he gave all ofa them colored clothing and silver. 22 To theira father he sent clothing, silver, and donkeys that were carrying grain. Then he sent them away. 23 They went up and told their father that Joseph was alive and that he was having grain distributeda to all the peoples of the earth and ruling overb the entire land of Egypt. 24 Their father did not believe (it) because he was disturbed ina his thoughts. But after he saw the wagons that Joseph had sent, his spirit revived and he said: “It is enough for me thatb Joseph is alive. Let me go down and see him before I die.”

44:1 Israel set out from Hebron,a from his house, on the first of the thirda month. He went by way of the well of the oath and offered a sacrifice to the God of his fatherc Isaac on the seventh of this month. 2 When Jacob remembered the dream that he had seena in Bethel, he was afraid to go down to Egypt. 3 But as he was thinking about sending word to Joseph that he should come to him and that he would not go down, he remained there for seven days on the chance that he would see a vision (about) whether he should remain or go down. 4 He celebrated the harvest festival—the firstfruitsa of grainb—with old grain because in all the landc of Canaan there was not even a handful of seed in the land since the famine affected all the animals,d the cattle, the birds, and mankind as well.

44:5 On the sixteenth the Lord appeared to him and said to him: “Jacob, Jacob.” He said: “Yes?” He said to him: “I am the God of your fathers—the God ofa Abraham andb Isaac. Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt because I will make you intoc a great nation there. 6 I will go down with you and will lead you (back). You will be buried in this land,a and Josephb will place his hands on your eyes. Do not be afraid; go down to Egypt.”

44:7 Hisa sons and grandsons set about loading their father and their property on the wagons. 8 Israel set out from the well of the oath on the sixteenth day of this third month and went to the land of Egypt. 9 Israel sent his son Judah in front of him to Joseph to examine the land of Goshen because Joseph had told his brothers to come there in order to live there so that they would be his neighbors.a 10 It was the best (place) in the land of Egypt and (it was) near him for each one and their cattle.a

44:11 These are the names of Jacob’s children who went to Egypt with their father Jacob. 12 Reuben, Israel’s first-born, and these are the names of his sons:a Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi—five; 13 Simeon and his sons,a and these are the names of his sons: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of the Phoenicianb woman—seven; 14 Levi and his sons,a and these are the names of his sons:b Gershon, Kohath, and Merari—four; 15 Judah and his sons,a and these are the names of his sons:b Shelah, Perez, and Zerah—four; 16 Issachar and his sons, and these are the names of his sons:a Tola, Puvah, Jashub, and Shimron—five; 17 Zebulun and his sons, and these are the names of his sons:a Sered, Elon, and Jahleel—four; 18 These are Jacob’s sons and their sons to whom Leah gave birth for Jacob in Mesopotamia—six and their one sister Dinah. All of the persons of Leah’s sons and their sons who went with their father Jacob toa Egypt were twenty-nine. And, as their fatherb Jacob was with them, they were thirty.

44:19 The sons of Zilpah, the maid of Jacob’s wife Leah, to whom she gave birth for Jacob were Gad and Asher. 20 These are the names of their sons who went with hima into Egypt. Gad’s sons: Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, [Eri],b Areli, and Arodi—eight. 21 The children of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah, [Ishvi],a Beriah, and their one sister Serah—six. 22 All the personsa were fourteen, and all those of Leah were forty-four.

44:23 The sons of Rachel who was Jacob’s wife were Joseph and Benjamin. 24 Before his father came to Egypta children, to whom Asenath—the daughter of Potiphar, the priestb of Heliopolis—gave birth for him, were born to Joseph in Egypt: Manasseh and Ephraim—three. 25 The sons of Benjamin were: Bela, Becher,a Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard—eleven. 26 All the persons of Rachela were fourteen.

44:27 The sons of Bilhah, the maid of Jacob’s wife Rachel, to whom she gave birtha for Jacobb were Dan and Naphtali. 28 These are the names of their sonsa who went with themb to Egypt. The sons of Dan were: Hushim, Samon, Asudi, Iyaka, and Salomon—six. 29 They died in Egypt during the year in which they came (there). Only Hushim was left to Dan.a 30 These are the names of Naphtali’s sons: Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, Shillem, and Ev.a 31 Ev, who was born after the years of the famine, died in Egypt.a 32 All those ofa Rachel were twenty-six.

44:33 All the persons of Jacob who entered Egypt were seventy persons. So all of these sons and grandsons of his were seventy, and five who died in Egypt before they married.a They had no children. 34 Judah’s two sons Er and Onan had died in the land of Canaan. They had no children. The sons of Israel buried those who died, and they were placeda among the seventy nations.

45:1 Israel went into the land of Egypt, into the land of Goshen, on the first of the fourth month during the second year of the third week of the forty-fiftha jubilee [2172]. 2 When Joseph came to meet his father Jacob in the land of Goshen, he wrapped his arms around his father’s neck and cried. 3 Israel said to Joseph: “Nowa let me die afterb I have seen you. Now may the Lord, the God of Israel, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaacc—who has not withheld his kindness and his mercy from his servant Jacob—be blessed. 4 It is enough for me that I have seen your face while I ama alive, because the vision that I saw in Bethel was certainly true. May the Lord my God be blessed forever and ever and may his name be blessed.” 5 Joseph and his brothers ate food and drank wine in front of their father. Jacob was extremely happy because in front of hima he saw Joseph eating and drinking with his brothers. He blessed the Creator of all who had preserved him andb preserved hisc twelve sons for him.

45:6 As a gift Joseph gave his father and his brothers (the right) to live in the land of Goshen, that is,a in Rameses; and (he gave) them all its districts that theyb would rule in Pharaoh’s presence. Israel and his sons lived in the land of Goshen, the best part of the land of Egypt. Israel was 130c years of age when he came into Egypt. 7 Joseph provided as much food for his father, his brothers, and also for their livestock as would be sufficient for them for the seven years of famine.

45:8 As the land of Egypt suffered from the famine, Joseph gained the whole land of Egypt for Pharaoh in exchange for food. He acquired the people, their cattle, and everything for Pharaoh.a 9 When the yearsa of the famine were completed, Joseph gave seed and food to the peoplesb who were in the landc so that they could sow seedd in the eighth year because the river had overflowed the entire land of Egypt. 10 For during the seven years of the famine it had irrigated only a few places at the riverbank, but now it overflowed.a The Egyptians seeded the land,b and it yieldedc good produced that year. 11 Thata was the first year of the fourthb week of the forty-fifth jubilee [2178]. 12 Joseph took the king’s fifth parta of allb that had been sown,c and he leftd four partse for them for food and seed. Joseph made itf a law for the landg of Egypt until today.

45:13 Israel lived for 17 years in the land of Egypt. All of the time that he liveda was three jubileesb—147 years. He diedc duringd the fourth year of the fifth week of the forty-fifth jubilee [2188]. 14 Israel blessed his sonsa before he died. He told them everything that wouldb happen to them in the land of Egypt; andc he informed them (about) what would happen to themd at the end of time. He blessed them and gavee Joseph two sharesf in the land. 15 He slept with his fathers and was buried near his father Abraham in the double cave in the land of Canaan—in the grave that he had dug for himself in the double cave in the land of Hebron.a 16 He gave all his books and the books of his fathersa to his son Levi so that he could preserve them and renew them for his sonsb until today.

46:1 After the death of Jacob, the children of Israel became numerous in the land of Egypt. They became a populous nation, and all of thema were of the same mind so that each one loved the otherb and each one helped the other.c They became numerous and increasedd very much—evene for ten weeks of years [= 70 years]—for all of Joseph’s lifetime. 2 There was no satan or any evil one throughout all of Joseph’s lifetime that he lived after his fathera Jacob because all the Egyptians were honoringb the children of Israel for all of Joseph’s lifetime. 3 Joseph died when he was 110a years of age. He had lived for 17 years in the land of Canaan; for ten years he remained enslaved; he was in prison for threeb years; and for 80 years he was ruling the entirec land of Egypt under Pharaoh. 4 He dieda and all his brothers and all of that generation. 5 Before hea died he ordered the Israelites to take his bones along at the time when they would leave the land ofb Egypt. 6 He made them sweara about his bones because he knew that the Egyptians would surely not allow him to be brought outb and be buried in the land of Canaan on the day of his death,c since Makamaron, the king of Canaan—while he was living in the land of Asurd—foughte in the valleyf with the king of Egypt and killed him there.g He pursued the Egyptians as far as the borders of Egypt.h 7 Hea was unable to enterb because another new king ruledc Egypt. He was stronger than he, so he returned to the land of Canaand and the gates of Egypt were closed with no one entering or leavinge Egypt.

46:8 Joseph died in the forty-sixth jubilee, in the sixth week, during its second yeara [2242]. He was buried in the land of Egypt,b and all his brothers died after him. 9 Thena the king of Egypt went out to fight with the king of Canaan in theb forty-seventh jubilee, in the second week, during its second year [2263]. The Israelitesc brought out all the bones of Jacob’s sonsd except Joseph’s bones. They buried theme in the field off the double caveg in the mountain. 10 Many returned to Egypt but a few of them remained on the mountain of Hebron. Youra father Amramb remained with them.c

46:11 The king of Canaan conquered the king of Egypt and closeda the gates of Egypt. 12 Hea conceived an evil plan against the Israelitesb in order to make them suffer. He said to the Egyptians:c 13 “The nation of the Israelites has now increaseda and become more numerous than we are. Come on,b let us outwit themc before they multiply. Let us make them sufferd in slaverye beforef war comes our way and they, too, fightg against us. Otherwise they will unite with the enemyh and leave our land because their mind(s) and face(s look) toward the land of Canaan.” 14 Hea appointed taskmastersb over them to make them suffer in slavery.c They builtd fortified cities for Pharaoh—Pithom and Rameses.e They built every wall and all the fortificationsf that had fallen downg in the cities of Egypt. 15 They were enslaving them by force, but however much they would make them suffera the more they would multiply and the more they would increase.b 16 The Egyptians considered the Israelites detestable.

47:1 During the seventh week, in thea seventh year, in the forty-seventh jubilee [2303], your fatherb came from the land of Canaan. You were bornc during the fourth week, in its sixth year, in the forty-eighth jubilee [2330]. This wasd the time of distress for the Israelites. 2 Pharaoh, the king of Egypt, had given ordersa regarding them that they were to throw their sons—every male who was bornb—into the river. 3 They continued throwing (them in) for seven months until the timea when you were born. Your mother hid you for three months. Then they told about her.b 4 Shea made a box for you,b covered it with pitch and asphalt,c and put it in the grassd at the riverbank. She put you in it for seven days. Your mother would come at night and nurse you, ande during the day your sister Miriam would protect you from the birds. 5 At that time Tarmuth, Pharaoh’s daughter, went out to bathe in the river and heard you crying. She told her slavesa to bring you,b so they brought you to her.c 6 She took you out of the box and pitied you. 7 Then your sister said to her: “Should I goa and summon for you one of the Hebrew womenb who will care for and nurse this infant for you?”c She said to her: “Go.”d 8 She wenta and summoned yourb mother Jochebed. She gave herc wagesd and she took care of you.

47:9 Afterwards, when you had grown up, you were broughta to Pharaoh’s daughterb and became her child.c Your father Amram taught you (the art of) writing. Afterd you had completed three weeks [= 21 years], he broughte you into the royal court. 10 You remained in the court for three weeks of years [= 21 years] until the time when you went from the royal court and saw the Egyptian beating your kinsmana who was one of the Israelites.b You killedc him and hid himd in the sand. 11 The next daya you found two of the Israelites fighting. You said to the one who was mistreating (the other):b “Why are you beating your brother?” 12 He became angry and indignanta and said:b “Who appointed you as ruler and judge over us? Do you want to kill me as you killed the Egyptian?”c Then you were afraidd and ran away because of this matter.

48:1 During the sixth year of the third week of the forty-ninth jubilee [2372], you went and lived therea for fiveb weeks and one year [= 36 years]. Then you returned to Egypt in the secondc week, during the second year in the fiftieth jubilee [2410]. 2 You know who spokea to you atb Mt. Sinai and what the prince ofc Mastema wanted to do to youd while you were returning to Egypt—on the way at the shady fir tree.e 3 Did he not wish with all his strength to kill you and to savea the Egyptians from your power becauseb he saw that you were sent to carry out punishment and revenge on the Egyptians? 4 I rescued you from his power. You performed the signs and miracles thata you were sent to perform in Egyptb against Pharaoh, all his house, his servants,c and his nation.d 5 The Lord effected a great revenge against thema on account of Israel. He struck them and killed themb with blood, frogs, gnats, dog flies, bad sores that break out in boils;c (and he struck) their cattle with death; and with hailstones—with thesed he annihilated everything that was growing for them; with locusts that atee whatever was left for themf from the hail; with darkness; (and with the death of) their firstborng of men and cattle. The Lord took revenge on all their godsh and burned them up. 6 Everything was sent through you, before it was done, so that you should do (it).a You were speaking with the king of Egypt and in front of all his servants and his people.b 7 Everything happened by your word. Ten great and severe punishments came to the land of Egypt so that you could take revenge on it for Israel. 8 The Lord did everything for the sake of Israel and in accord witha his covenant that he made with Abraham to take revenge on themb just as they were enslaving them with force. 9 The prince of Mastema would stand up against you and wish to make you fall into Pharaoh’s power. He would help the Egyptian magicians and they would oppose (you)a and perform in front of you. 10 We permitted them to do evil things, but we would not allow healings to be performed by them. 11 When the Lord struck them with bad sores, they were unablea to oppose (you) because we deprived them of (their ability) to perform any sign at all.b 12 Despite all the signs and miracles, the prince ofa Mastema was not shamed until he gained strengthb and cried out to the Egyptians to pursue youc with all the Egyptian army—with their chariots, their horses—and with all the throng of the Egyptian people.

48:13 Ia stood between you, the Egyptians, and the Israelites.b We rescued the Israelites from his powerc and from the power of the people.d The Lord brought them out through the middle of the sea as if on dry ground. 14 All of the people whom he brought out to pursue the Israelites the Lord our God threw into the sea—to the depths of the abyss—in place of the Israelites, just as the Egyptians had thrown their sons into the river. He took revenge on 1,000,000 of them, 1000 strong men and also officers eager for battle,a perished for one infant of your people whom they had thrown into the river.

48:15 On the fourteenth day, the fifteenth, the sixteenth, the seventeenth, and the eighteenth the prince ofa Mastema was bound and locked up behind the Israelites so that he could not accuse them. 16 On the nineteenth day we released thema so that they could helpb the Egyptians and pursue the Israelites. 17 He hardened their heartsa and made them strong. They were made strongb by the Lord our God so that he could strike the Egyptians and throw themc into the sea. 18 On the fourteentha day we bound him so that heb could not accuse the Israelites on the day when they were requesting utensils and clothing from the Egyptians—utensils of silver, utensils of gold, and utensils of bronze; and so that they could plunder the Egyptians in return for the fact that they were made to workc when they enslaved them by force. 19 We did not bringa the Israelites out of Egypt empty-handed.b

49:1 Remember the commandmentsa that the Lord gave you regarding the Passover so that you may celebrate itb at its time on the fourteenth of the first month, that you may sacrifice itc before evening, and so that they may eat it at night ond the evening of the fifteenthe from the time of sunset. 2 For on this nighta—it was the beginning of the festival and the beginningb of joy—you were eating the Passover in Egypt when all the forcesc of Mastema were sentd to kill every firstborn in the land of Egypt—from Pharaoh’s firstborn to the firstborn of the captive slave girl at the millstone and to the cattle as well. 3 This is the sign that the Lord gavea them: into each house on whoseb door they saw the blood of a year-old lamb, they were not to enter that house to kill but were to pass over (it) in order that all who were in the house would be spared because the sign of the blood was on its door. 4 The Lord’s forces did everything that the Lord ordered them. Theya passed over all the Israelites. The plagueb did not come on them to destroy any of them—from cattle to mankind to dogs. 5 The plague on Egypt was very great. There was no house in Egypta in which there was not a dead person, crying, and mourning. 6 All Israel was eating the paschal meat, drinking the wine, and glorifying, blessing, and praising the Lord Goda of their fathers. They were ready to leave the Egyptian yokeb and evil slavery.c

49:7 Now you remember this day throughout all your lifetime. Celebrate ita from year to yearb throughout all your lifetime,c once a year on its dayd in accord with alle of its law. Then you will not pass over a day from the dayf or from month to month. 8 For it is an eternal statutea and it is engravedb on the heavenly tablets regarding the Israelitesc that they are to celebrate itd each and every year on its day, once a year, throughout their entire history.e There is no temporal limit because it is ordained forever. 9 The man who is pure but does not comea to celebrate itb on its prescribed day—to bring a sacrifice that is pleasing before the Lordc andd to eat and drink before the Lord on the day of his festival—that man who is pure and nearby is to be uprootede because he did not bring the Lord’s sacrifice at its time. That man will bear responsibility for his own sin. 10 The Israelites are to come anda celebrate the Passover on its specific dayb—on the fourteenth of the first month—between the evenings,c from the third part of the dayd until the third part of the night. Fore two parts of the day have been givenf for light and its third partg for the evening. 11 This is what the Lord commanded youa—to celebrate itb between the evenings.c 12 It is not to be sacrificeda at any hour of the daylightb but in the hour of the boundary ofc the evening. They will eatd it during the evening hour(s) untile the third part of the night. Any of itsf meat that is left over from the third part of the night and beyondg is to be burned. 13 They are not to boil it in water nor eata it raw but roasted on a fire, cooked with care on a fireb—the headc with itsd internal parts and its feet. They are to roast ite on a fire. There will be no breaking of any bonef in it because no bone of the Israelites will be broken.g

49:14 Therefore the Lord ordered the Israelites to celebratea the Passover on its specific day. No bone of it is to be brokenb because it is a festal day and a day that has been commanded. From it there is to be no passing over a day from the day or a month from the monthc because it is to be celebratedd on its festal day.

49:15 Now you ordera the Israelitesb to celebrate the Passover each year during their generations,c once a year on its specific day. Then a pleasing memorial will comed before the Lord and no plague will come upon theme to killf and to strike (them)g during that year when they have celebratedh the Passover at its time in every respect as it was commanded.i

49:16 It is not therefore to be eatena outside of the Lord’s sanctuary but before the Lord’s sanctuary.b All the people of the Israelite congregationc are to celebrated it at its time. 17 Every man who has come on its day,a who is 20 years of age and above,b is to eatc it in the sanctuary of your Godd before the Lord, because this is the way it has been written and ordainede—that they are to eat it in the Lord’sf sanctuary.

49:18 Whena the Israelites enter the land that they will possessb—the land of Canaan—and set upc the Lord’s tabernacle in the middle of the land in one of their tribesd (until the time when the Lord’s temple will be built in the land), they are to come and celebrate the Passover in the Lord’s tabernacle and sacrifice it before the Lordf from year to year. 19 At the time when the house is builta in the Lord’s name in the land that they will possess, they are to go there and sacrificeb the Passover in the eveningc when the sun sets, in the third part of the day. 20 They will offera itsb blood on the basec of the altar. They are to placed the fat on the fire that is abovee the altar and are to eat its meatf roasted on a fire in the courtyard of the sanctuaryg in the name of the Lord. 21 They will not be ablea to celebrate the Passover in their cities orb in any placesc except before the Lord’s tabernacle or otherwised before the housee in which his name has resided. Then they will not go astrayf from the Lord.

49:22 Now you, Moses, order the Israelites to keep the statute of the Passover as it was commanded to youa so that you may tellb them its year each year,c the time of the days,d and the Festivale of Unleavened Bread so that they may eat unleavened bread for seven days to celebratef its festival, to bringg itsh sacrifice before the Lord on the altar of your God each day during thosei seven joyful days. 23 For you celebrated this festival hastily when you were leaving Egypt until the time you were crossinga the seab into the wilderness of Shur, because you completed it on the seashore.

50:1 After this law I informed you about the Sabbath days in the wilderness of Sina that is between Elim and Sinai. 2 On Mt. Sinai I told you about the Sabbaths of the land and the years of jubileesa in the Sabbaths of the years, but its year we have not told you until the time when you enterb the land that you will possess. 3 The land will observe its Sabbaths when they live on it, and they are to knowa the year of jubilee. 4 For this reason I have arranged for you the weeks of years and jubileesa—49 jubilees from the time of Adam until today, and one week and two years. It is still 40 years off for learning the Lord’s commandments until the time when he leads (them)b across to the land of Canaan, after they have crossed the Jordan to the west of it. 5 The jubilees will pass bya until Israel is pure of every sexual evil,b impurity, contamination, sin, and error. Then they will livec confidently in the entire land. They will no longer have any satan or any evil one. The land will be pure from that time until eternity.

50:6 I have now written for you the Sabbath commandments and all the statutes of its laws. 7 You will worka for six days, but on the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. Do not do any work on it—you, your children, your male and female servants, all your cattle, or the foreigner who is with you.b 8 The person who does any work on it is to die. Any man who desecratesa this day;b who sleeps with a woman;c who says anything about workd on it—that he is to set out on a trip on it, or about any selling or buying; who on ite draws water that he had not prepared for himself on the sixth day; or who liftsf a load to bring (it)g outside his tent or his house is to die. 9 On the Sabbath day do not do any work that you have not prepared for yourselfa on the sixth day so that you may eat, drink, rest, keep Sabbath on this day from all work, and bless the Lord your God who has given you a festal day and a holy day. This day among their daysb is to be the day of the holy kingdom for all Israel throughout all time. 10 For great is the honor that the Lord has given Israel to eat, drink, and be filled on thisa festal day; and to rest on it from any work that belongs to the work of humanity except to burn incense and to bring before the Lord offerings andb sacrifices for the days and Sabbaths. 11 Only this (kind of) work is to be done on the Sabbath days in the sanctuary of the Lord your Goda in order that they may atone continuously for Israel with offerings from day to day as a memorial that is acceptable before the Lord; and in order that he may receive them forever, day by day,b as you were ordered.c

50:12 Any person who does work: who goes on a trip; who works farmlanda whether at his home or in any (other) place; who lights a fire; who rides any animal; who travelsb the sea by ship; any person who beats or kills anything; who slits the throat of an animal or bird; who catches either a wild animal, a bird, or a fish; who fasts and makes war on the Sabbath day— 13 a person who does any ofa these things on the Sabbath day is to die,b so that the Israelites may continue observing the Sabbath in accord with the commandmentsc for the Sabbaths of the land as it was writtend in the tabletse that he placed in my hands so that I could write for you the lawsf of each specific time in each division of its times.

Postscripta Hereb the wordsc regardingd the divisions of the timese are completed.