TH6317 The Interpretation of the History of Israel
The Origin of Israel in Canaan
Read the Paper Guide through “Topic.”
Plan to have a short-list of potential topics by January 31.
- “The Bible’s Buried Secrets” part 1,
and video (LINK)
- Collins, “Joshua” (especially “The Origin of Israel in Canaan”) and “Judges” in Short Introduction to the Hebrew Bible. [1:06]
- Judges 4-5 carefully; Joshua and Judges as time permits [0:58]
- Tools for establishing history: archaeology
- Tools for establishing history: scripture
- Other ways of appreciating stories
- How stories and interpretations (ancient and modern) develop over time
- Defined, basic methods, advantages, limitations
- The relationship between the Bible and archaeology, controversy about “biblical archaeology”
- The earliest archaeological confirmation of the biblical story
- Archaeological disconfirmation of the biblical story
- The beginning of the story of Israel from a modern historical perspective
- The pre-history of Israel
Four models of the origin of Israel in Canaan
- Gradual emergence
Why would someone construct a story like Joshua if not simply reporting facts?
The criteria of plausibility and consistency
- Consistency between Joshua and Judges
- The plausibility of Joshua
- The plausibility of Judges
- Redaction criticism
- What would we know about the origin of Israel looking only at Judges, especially if we disregard later editorial additions?
The Song of Deborah (Judges 5)
- Songs and poetry as stable containers of information
- The distinction between poetry and prose framing
- List the tribes
- Meroz never mentioned elsewhere
- Machir elsewhere a son of Manasseh
- Gilead elsewhere a son of Machir
- No mention of Simeon, Levi, Judah, Joseph, Gad
- Relationship between the tribes (political scientist hat)
- Relationship between the tribes (theologian hat)
What do we know about God from Judges? What does God do? What is God known for?
- Judges 5
- Tales of judges, without editorial introduction
- Editorial framing, especially Judges 2:10—3:6
Israel Finkelstein and Amihai Mazar,
The Quest for the Historical Israel: Debating Archaeology and the History of Early Israel.
(ed. Brian B. Schmidt)
Phyllis Trible, “An Unnamed Woman.” From Texts of Terror: Literary-Feminist Readings of Biblical Narratives. Philadelphia: Fortress, 1984.
“The Bible’s Buried Secrets,” PBS NOVA Season 35 Episode 16, 2008.