My work outside digital humanities tools for manuscript study focuses on how literary expressions of theological ideas were received and reconceived over the centuries. In other words, I work on texts in the Hebrew Bible, Old Testaments (plural), and writings on the margin of authority and canonicity. I study how they were composed from earlier traditions and received by later authors and communities. The marginal literature in particular casts light on the emergence of our concepts of “Scripture” and “Interpretation.” Colleagues in the field who know the work of my teachers, James C. VanderKam, James L. Kugel, and John J. Collins, will see their influence on all my work.
I am particularly interested in the Book of Jubilees, a Hebrew work from the mid-second century before the common era that was authoritative for several communities but rejected in the rabbinic Jewish tradition. It stands out as a lengthy, well-developed, and well-preserved exemplar of one understanding of Judaism in the wake of the Maccabean Revolt. It demonstrates the shaping of Jewish literary traditions, and its influence evidences a traditional authority parallel to scripture.
My dissertation, directed by James C. VanderKam, was thoroughly revised into my first book, The Subversion of the Apocalypses in the Book of Jubilees. I argue that Jubilees uses the literary features that mark apocalypses (angels, judgment), but uses them to confront and reject the theological claims typically made about them (angelic evil and interference, deferred judgment).
Most of my publications other than digital humanities (listed below) fall into three categories: introductory surveys of Jubilees, how Jubilees uses its sources, and how Jubilees is used in later sources. The tertiary articles are in Early Jewish Literature: An Introduction and Reader (Eerdmans 2017), The Blackwell Companion to the Old Testament Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha (forthcoming), and Textual History of the Bible (Brill 2015). The articles on how Jubilees uses its sources for legal exegesis and response to the theological implications of apocalyptic literature have appeared in Testing and Temptation in Early Jewish and Christian Literature (forthcoming), Journal for the Study of Judaism (2015), The Fallen Angels Traditions (2014), God, Grace, and Creation (2010), and Henoch (2006). The articles on the influence of Jubilees on the Dead Sea Scrolls and New Testament have appeared in Catholic Biblical Quarterly (2015), and A Teacher for All Generations: Essays in Honor of James C. VanderKam (2012).
See my Curriculum Vitae for complete citation information. Several works are available on Humanities Commons. I am moving away from Academia.edu; no content is available there that is not also available on Humanities Commons.
Manuscript images and information about Latin Moses (Latin Jubilees and the Testament of Moses) and the technology that is bringing hidden information to the web. (jubilees.stmarytx.edu)
All project images comply with IIIF standards so can be viewed and annotated in Mirador or other standards-compliant environments. (jubilees.stmarytx.edu/mirador)
Spectral RTI combines the advantages of spectral imaging (color accuracy and enhancements, image fidelity) with the advantages of RTI (texture visualization, interactive relighting)
Guide to the complete process of capture, processing, and publication of images that combine spectral color enhancements with texture imaging. (jubilees.stmarytx.edu/spectralrtiguide)
Open repository of the software required for Spectral RTI processing (github.com/thanneken/SpectralRTI_Toolkit)
All videos are voice over slides or screen capture (see below for public lectures on YouTube).
“Walkthrough of Hans Christian Andersen Cutouts from the Royal Library of Denmark,” The Jubilees Palimpsest Project, July 2019. (LINK)
“Introduction to Mirador and Other Tools for the Study of Latin Moses (Jubilees and the Testament of Moses),” The Jubilees Palimpsest Project, June 2018. (LINK)
“The Jubilees Palimpsest Project,” Presented to the Society of Biblical Literature, November 2017. (YouTube)
“The Future of Biblical Scholarship in a Digital Age,” Presented to the Catholic Biblical Association, August 2016. (YouTube)
“Integrating Spectral and Reflectance Transformation Imaging,” Presented to the Society of Biblical Literature, November 2014. (YouTube)
Pre-publisher copy of “Early Judaism and Modern Technology,” For Early Judaism and Its Modern Interpreters. Second edition. Matthias Henze and Rodney A. Werline, eds. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature, forthcoming (expected 2020). (LINK)
Pre-publisher copy of “Spectral RTI,” In Brill Textual History of the Bible Volume 3. Leiden: Brill (2017). (LINK)
Pre-publisher copy of “New Technology for Imaging Unreadable Manuscripts and Other Artifacts: Integrated Spectral Reflectance Transformation Imaging (Spectral RTI),” In Ancient Worlds in a Digital Culture. Edited by Claire Clivaz, Paul Dilley, and David Hamidović. Digital Biblical Studies 1. Leiden: Brill (2016), 180–195. (LINK)
“Integrating Spectral and Reflectance Transformation Imaging Technologies for the Digitization of Manuscripts and Other Cultural Artifacts,” Technical report published electronically by the National Endowment for the Humanities and the Jubilees Palimpsest Project (2014).
“The Bible Hunters,” by Robert Draper. National Geographic. December 2018. (PDF)
“Biblical Studies in the Digital Age: How Digital Archaeology has Revolutionized Biblical Studies,” by Marek Dospěl. Bible History Daily. April 3, 2017. Online.
“Digital Archaeology’s New Frontiers,” Biblical Archaeology Review. March/April 2017. Pages 28–29, 65–66. Print and online (subscription required).
“Seeing Colors Beyond the Naked Eye: Spectral RTI, a New Tool for Imaging Artifacts,” Ancient Near East Today. December 13, 2016. Online.
“Eying the Ancients: St. Mary’s Prof., Students to Use Technology to Read What the Early Church Tried to Erase,” by Elaine Ayala. San Antonio Express News and mySA.com. September 4, 2016. Print and online.
“A Pair of Technologies Sheds New Light on Jubilees Palimpsest,” by Steve Moyer. Humanities: The Magazine of the National Endowment for the Humanities. 36.4 (2015). Print and online.
“Researchers Read Previously Invisible Ancient Texts,” San Antonio Express News, April 12, 2015. Print and online (subscription required).
“New Technology Unmasks Ancient Scriptural Manuscripts,” by Carmel Tajonera. Gold & Blue: The Magazine of St. Mary’s University. Summer 2014. Print and online.
“Spectral RTI Training Workshops,” at British Library, University College London, Royal Library of Denmark, and University of Graz, Summer 2019 (LINK)
“Spectral RTI Training Workshops,” University of Texas Austin, January 16-17, 2019 (LINK)
“Spectral RTI Training and Demonstration,” Rochester Cultural Heritage Imaging, Visualization, and Education (R-CHIVE), June 2018 (LINK)
“The Next Generation of Digital Tools for the Study of Manuscripts,” Recent Developments and the Future of Scholarship and Teaching Ancient Scribal Heritage, University of Notre Dame, May 2018 (LINK)
Elected member of Program Committee, Catholic Biblical Quarterly Monograph Series Editorial Board, Research Support Committee, and Technology and Outreach Committee (chair)
Six presentations, most recently with Vanessa Cypert, “Pneumatology in Early Christian Scribal Practices,” July 2019 (abstract)
Co-convener, The Bible and Digital Humanities Continuing Seminar
Abstractor for Old Testament Abstracts
Advisory Board, SBL Text-Critical Studies Monograph Series
“A Historical Taxonomy of Biblical Interpretation: Premodern, Modern, and Postmodern,” Pedagogy Section, 2017.
Source of Light Center at University Presbyterian in San Antonio, board member 2013-2016 and presenter
Dioceses of San Antonio and Austin, speaker at various events and workshops
Minnesota Rabbinical Association and Congregation Beth Jacob, speaker on ancient Jewish literature preserved by Christians